MAY 31, 1863
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
The Polish Question.
published yesterday the substance of the Russian replies to England,
France and Austria on the Polish question. The following extracts from
the comments of the London journals upon the Russian reply are
Morning Post thinks Prince
Gortchakoff’s dispatch sounds very much as if the Government of Russia
intended doing nothing further. If that be so, the notes of the three
Powers will have been in vain, and Polish independence must be achieved,
if ever, at the point of the sword.
Times considers the Russian
reply as unsatisfactory. There is conspicuous throughout a belief that
the Western powers will never seriously interfere within anything that
passes within the Russian frontier; that Poland will be left to stand or
fall according to her own strength, and that consequently an independent
and somewhat haughty tone may be used towards those who have affected to
lecture the Russian Government on the reform of its ways.
Times further says that Lord
Russell recalled to the recollection of Russia the stipulations of the
European settlement of 1815, and all the rights and privileges
guaranteed to Poland by solemn treaties, which were ignored for a
generation, and finally torn up at Warsaw in 1830. Russia, in a
conciliatory tone, declares herself ready to enter with England into a
consideration of the terms and conditions of those treaties, with the
purpose of ascertaining how much of that ancient character can be made
in modern reality, for England is assured that Russia is really only
anxious to promote the welfare of Poland. The three Russian answers have
one common purpose, but the manner in which it is conveyed in not
unskillfully varied. In reply to the Austrian note, Russia pleads the
difficulty of dealing with the intrigues of the revolutionary party
abroad. Austria is reminded that she shares the danger, as a possessor
of Polish territory, and has not yet been so ready in co-operation
against the revolt as might have been expected, considering that she has
Hungary and Venetia offering fields that may also be cultivated by
Vienna dispatch says that the French Emperor has, with his own hands,
drawn up a prospective rejoinder to the Russian reply, in which his
Imperial Majesty lays stress upon the gravity of the situation. His
proposed note is now in the hands of the Austrian government, with an
invitation to join in it.
Paris correspondent of the London Times
suspects the Emperor is of opinion that Russia will do nothing unless
England, France and Austria act in unity, and put a great pressure upon
her. She will do nothing if they act separately. France thinks the best
results ought to follow from the united action which she so much
desires, and that with little or no cost in men or money. In such a case
the Emperor would disclaim all intentions or desire of seeking any
advantage for himself, but if France be left alone, and decide, which is
not so improbable as may be supposed, on acting for herself in rescuing
Poland, she will think that all her blood and treasure should not be
lavished without compensation. Where that compensation is to be sought
for is another question.
Trustworthy and Reliable.–To
commanding generals in either army, sometimes, and invariably to the
Richmond and New York, Boston and Philadelphia special correspondents in
the field, the great sources of information with regard to the situation
and condition of “the enemy,” are the trustworthy individual from
Washington, the reliable gentleman from Richmond, the disgusted deserter
from either side, the wronged refugee, and the intelligent contraband.
Mr. R. Samson Pikawn communicates to the New York Sunday Mercury the following judicious advice given [by] his Aunt E.
Delusion to young brigadier generals:
getting miscellaneous information about where the enemy are not, and
what they are not doing, our Union brigadiers have a great advantage
over the unfortunates on the rebel side, and the daily papers expect
them to improve it. The contradictory, confused and complicated accounts
of the condition of your adversaries, which you receive from intelligent
contrabands, deserters and Union refugees, and obligingly scatter over
the country, are received with gladness and devoured with avidity by the
active and inquisitive American mind, and are highly satisfactory to the
muddled intellects of rural strategists. Some of these accounts must
always confirm somebody’s previously expressed impressions or
predictions, for which reason it is well to send on a large assortment,
that the greater number of your constituents may be pleased. By this
means, also, you keep your brigade before the people, and increase your
importance. Such reports are also very acceptable to the people at
Washington, who are supposed to be better acquainted with the public
pulse than you are, and with the amount of “pressure” at any
particular juncture, and can pick out what will best serve “the
cause”—and themselves. The intelligent contraband has always been an
excellent reliance, as he is naturally intimate with most of the rebel
generals, and acquainted with their plans. Their ideas of numbers are
rather inaccurate, but you may sure that in estimating the force of the
enemy they will never be under the mark. Their accounts are the best to
send to Washington. If you should want to find out, for your own
amusement, the actual number of the enemy, the best rule is to add
together the amounts reported by the deserters and the Union refugees,
subtract the sum from the contraband’s account, and divide the
remainder by two; the quotient will be the answer. For instance, let the
scholar make an estimate of Gen. Blowhard’s force:
of this remainder gives you 7,500 rebels under General Blowhard. By this
rule you can learn pretty exactly the number of men you will have to
keep clear of. Of course, it is easier to keep out of the way of a small
force than a large one, as they don’t cover so much ground.
will find that your deserters are always conscripts or starved-out
people, who are tired of the rebel service. No others desert. The
integrity of a deserter can never be called in question, and you can
rely implicitly on what they say. They are generally able to give you a
great deal of information, as they are fully posted by their officers
before they leave their camps. Every deserter is one subtracted from the
enemy’s force, as he will never go back until he gets clear of your
lines. They should be well clothed as soon as you receive them, well
fed, and allowed the liberty of your camp, as it is possible that good
treatment may induce them to remain with you.
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
The Struggle for the Mississippi.
telegrams inform us that Grant,
after making seven bloody but fruitless assaults upon our entrenched
position at Vicksburg, has gone to “digging” in the rear of Hilled
City. This, says the Mobile Advertiser,
means regular siege operations and an attempt to starve a garrison that
he cannot whip. Meantime he leaves his dead Yankees unburied under our
works, without any proffer under flag of truce to give them the decent
interment which they are entitled to, at least, at his
hands. Grant evidently
thinks that the carcasses of the poor wretches he has sent to slaughter
will be no more serviceable to the “best Government the world ever
saw,” on top of the ground than under it. Can he starve out Vicksburg?
Not in a hurry, certainly. It is well provisioned for some months, and
half provisions for double the number. Grant’s
possession of Snyder’s Bluff gives him large advantages in his
proposed siege. It enables him to shorten his line of communication with
his base of supplies, and avoids the danger of running the batteries on
the river front, or the expense and delay of a long transportation
around Vicksburg on the Louisiana shore. Meantime the interest of the
situation deepens, and the eyes and energies of both the belligerents
will, in all probability, be turned and concentrated upon this point. It
is not unlikely that the great battle of the war—perhaps, the decisive
battle—will be fought within cannon hearing of the Hill City. From the
death-like quietude of Rosecrans’
lines, it is premised that Grant
has been reinforced from the Tennessee army. The Yankees will need great
numbers for the work before them, and they will send them. We shall want
them, and they are gone and going.
Johnston is quietly massing
a powerful army in Grant’s
rear. Information just received leads the Advertiser
to believe that his numbers are already greater than we have supposed.
In a short time one hundred thousand Confederates will be ready to
dispute the sovereignty of the lower Mississippi, and, if victorious,
re-establish the freedom of Louisiana.
Latest from Vicksburg.
Jackson, May 28.—The enemy has retired from the immediate front of
the fortifications at Vicksburg, and is reported to be fortifying his
present position. It is expected that want of water will force him back
to the Big Black. Wirt Adam’s
cavalry have had a spirited skirmish on the Yazoo, killing and wounding
some twenty of the enemy.
Meridian, May 27.—News has been received from Vicksburg up to
Sunday evening. Fighting has taken place every day. On Saturday a
tremendous assault was made by concentrating most of the enemy’s
cannon upon one point. Our breastworks were broken, and the enemy
entered in considerable numbers. They were terribly repulsed, almost all
being killed or taken prisoners. We captured their banners on our works.
Our loss thus far is between two and three hundred. The enemy admit a
loss of from fifteen to twenty thousand.
Important from the Rappahannock.
Richmond, May 30.—The Fredericksburg correspondent of the Examiner
says that the indications and intelligence from the enemy’s camps on
the Rappahannock favor the conclusion that the Yankee forces are
evacuating the position they have so long held in Stafford county, but
their destination is unknown. The Examiner,
editorially, says: “There is no longer any room for doubt that Hooker
is making some important movement. A gentleman who left Fredericksburg
yesterday assures us that he saw upwards [of] 20,000 Yankee troops
moving down in the direction of Port Royal.”
Army of Northern Virginia I to be disbanded into three corps
d’armee, commanded respectively by Longstreet,
Ewell and A. P. Hill.
Latest from the United States.
Richmond, May 31.—We have received Northern newspapers of May 28.
latest official (Yankee) news from Vicksburg was dated at 4 o’clock on
the morning of the 24th. Vicksburg was then still holding out, but Grant
was hopeful of success. The number of troops in Vicksburg was
estimated at from 25,000 to 30,000. The place was also full of women and
children, comprising not only the original inhabitants, but others who
had come in for safety from the surrounding country.
dispatch from Cincinnati, dated May 26, says that the report of the
capture of Helena, Ark., mentioned by the rebel papers, was false.
War Council was held at the President’s house in Washington on the
28th inst., in reference to the offensive movement which the rebel
forces in Northern Virginia have for some time been threatening. Hooker
expressed the opinion that the rebels were bringing up all their
available forces from Charleston and North Carolina to make an offensive
movement. In view, however, of the publicity given to these threats, he
thought it their design to provide for the defence of Richmond, so as to
deter him (Hooker) from
making another advance.
riot took place at Harrisburg on Monday. It originated in some
dissatisfaction amongst the soldiers on account of delay in receiving
enrollment under the Yankee Conscript Act was proceeding in New York
City. Negroes were taken down with the rest.
nine months’ Pennsylvania regiments had returned to Harrisburg from
the war. Governor Curtin
left Harrisburg for Washington on the 27th, to consult with Lincoln
relative to the protection of the State against invasion.
principal harbors of New England are being fortified.
The War in Louisiana.
Pascagoula, May 28.—A special dispatch to the Era,
from Port Hudson, May 22d, says:
General Augur’s whole division was engaged in a nine hours’ fight
with the enemy. The battle field was Port Hudson Plains, four miles in
the rear of Port Hudson, on the Bayou Sara Road. The rebels were
thoroughly whipped. They add one brigade of infantry engaged, besides
two batteries, and a considerable force of cavalry. They had ambuscaded
at every outlet from the plains. They were finally repulsed with heavy
loss, leaving a large number of killed and wounded on the field. A flag
of truce was sent in at midnight from General Gardner, asking permission
to bury the dead. We have taken about nine hundred prisoners.
enemy was driven three miles from his first position, and Augur’s
division bivouacked for the night on the field of battle. Our
loss in killed is twelve, and wounded fifty-six. The 116th New York and
the 2d Louisiana suffered the most. Full particulars will reach you by
the earliest opportunity.”
JUNE 2, 1863
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
of Speech North and South.
order all these things better in France,” was the much quoted phrase
of the humorist who wrote the “Sentimental Journey.” So those who
have no regard for the great right of every freeman to express his
opinion on questions of public moment, are constantly urging that all
these things are better managed in the Confederate States—and inviting
tyranny by declaring a gag is put upon public speech by Jeff Davis. Now
these wise men have fallen into a grave error. While the Federal
administration has imprisoned men for both public utterances and for
silence—without written charges or warrant, or any chance of hearing
before any tribunal—it does not seem to have been so in the kingdom of
Jeff Davis, which we are striving to bring back as a component part of
the good old Union our fathers devised for us, and under the folds of
whose flag we have been so happy and prosperous. Mr. E. A. Pollard has
written and published a Southern history of the rebellion—a rebel view
of its progress up to a recent date. We make our point by quoting from
the preface to the second edition:
flatterer’s idea of the history of the present war would no doubt be
to plaster the government with praises; to hide all the faults of the
people of the South while gilding their virtues; to make, for a
consideration, ‘especial mention’ of all the trash in the army; to
scent his puffs thickly with fine writing and tremendous adjectives, and
to place over the whole painted and gilded mass of falsehood the figure
of Jefferson Davis as the second Daniel come to judgment. The author has
no ambition to gratify in these literary elegancies.
the eyes of the historian the person of Mr. Jefferson Davis is no more
sacred than that of the meanest agent in human affairs. The author has
not been disposed to insult the dignity of the office by coarse
speeches, but while he has avoided indecency and heat of language, and
has, on the other hand, not attempted the elegance and elevation of the
literary artist, he trusts that he has given his opinions of the
government and public persons with the decent but fearless
uncompromising freedom of the conscientious historian. He is certain
that he has given these opinions without prejudice against the
administration in this war. The danger is, in such a contest as we are
waging, that we will be too favorably and generously disposed toward the
government, rather than prejudiced against it—that we will be blind to
its faults, rather than eager and exacting in their exposure.
author is aware that the views expressed in this work of the autocracy
of President Davis, and the extraordinary absorption in himself of all
the offices of the government, have been resented with much temper by
criticism in some of the newspapers. He would ask these persons, who are
so anxious to vindicate the character of Mr. Davis in this respect, for
a single instance in the history of the war where the cabinet has
interposed any views of its own, addressed any counsel to the
government, or been anything more than a collection of dummies?”
author is equally severe upon those people who object to a criticism of
public abuses upon the ground that the exposure thereof is a cause of
gratification and comfort to the enemy. He says: ->
are ignoramuses in the southern confederacy who think it necessary in
this war that all the books and newspapers should publish everything in
the South in coleur de rose: drunken patriots, cowards in epaulets, crippled
toadies, and men living on the charity of Jefferson Davis, trained to
damn all newspapers and publications in the South for pointing out
abuses in places of authority, for the sage reason that knowledge of
these abuses will comfort the enemy and tickle the ears of the Yankees.
These creatures would have a history written which would conceal all the
shortcomings of our Administration, and represent that our army was
perfect I discipline and immaculate in morals; that our people were
feeding on milk and honey; that our generalship was without fault, and
that Jefferson Davis was the most perfect and most admirable man since
the days of Moses, all for the purpose of wearing a false mask to the
enemy. They would betray our cause while hoodwinking the enemy; they
would make a virtue a falsehood; they would destroy the independence of
all published thoughts in this country. The author spits upon the
criticisms of such creatures.”
Mr. Pollard, editor of the Richmond Examiner,
“speaks out in meeting,” and we doubt not his criticisms are as
wholesome for the rebels as free speech would be for the Federals-yet we
do not find that he has been put in prison or his paper destroyed. We
may conclude, therefore, that, if in nothing else, our federal
government has kept up with the rebels in the matter of terrorism
and the suppression of the right to free speech and jury trial with
written charges presented and legal warrants issued.
newspapers are bringing to mind the fact that, should Vicksburg be taken
by General Grant, the case will be one of just retribution upon the
first city that in this rebellion hurled hostile shot against the flag
of the nation. Three months before the
attack on Fort Sumter, and four days after the secession of the
State of Mississippi, on Jan. 9, 1861, (the first to follow South
Carolina), a frantic crew of artillerists, calling themselves the
Quitman Battery, planted their field pieces on the bluff at Vicksburg,
and on Tuesday, the 13th, brought to the first river steamer, the A. O. Tyler—by the act establishing the blockade on the peaceful
travel of the Mississippi, while yet every State bordering on the river,
save Mississippi alone, was still in the Union.
Boston merchant’s wife lately ran off with $2,200 and her husband’s
book-keeper. The merchant has gone in pursuit. The rates of freight on
baggage are such that probably he will, if success crowns his efforts,
only bring back the cash. He would be foolish to do otherwise.
JUNE 3, 1863
Naval Doings in North Carolina.
Flagship Minnesota, off Newport News, Va., May 27.—A report from
lieutenant commander Flusser, dated May 6, gives information of recent
naval operations in Albemarle Sound and its tributary streams, acting
volunteer lieutenant French, who was sent with the Whitehall
to cruise about the eastern end of the Sound, to break up the contraband
trade there. Under date of the 15th inst., he reported that on the 26th
ult. he captured a large two masted boat, without deck, containing some
500 pounds of tobacco, sailed and owned by a Mr. Sawner, of Edenton, who
acknowledged himself a rebel. He was bound to Nag’s Head after goods.
In the Alligator river he captured or destroyed several boats which were
engaged in illicit traffic, and seized on shore, in different places,
pork, bacon, leather, tobacco, bagging, lard, and tallow, belonging to
persons directly engaged in supplying the rebels, as was proved. Their
houses are said to be used as depots for rebel supplies.1
Valley City was sent up the
Chowan river on the 4th inst. The commander reports the capture or
destruction of several boats, and the dispersion of rebel pickets and
capture of their arms. He ascended as far as the state line. On his
return he sent acting ensign J. Cullatin on shore with an armed boat’s
crew and burned the grist mill of J. B. Harr, which he learned from
papers found on the premises was grinding corn for the rebel army. While
proceeding down the river the rebels fired on the Valley
City. Acting master Cullatin received a serious though not fatal
wound through the groin by a rifle ball. The Valley
City replied promptly with musketry, shell, grape and canister, and
killed and wounded a number of rebels.
Flusser reports that lately, when at Hartford, on Perquiman’s river,
the rebels were gathering in provisions for their army at Suffolk. He
landed at Hyman’s ferry, on the Roanoke river, with soldiers and
sailors, and captured a cavalry picket of four men, with their arms, in
which affair Mr. Benson of the Commodore
Perry was severely but not dangerously wounded by a rifle ball
through the right shoulder.
P. Lee, Acting Rear Admiral.
The Sources of the Nile.—The
Boston Advertiser has
intelligence from Egypt that Messrs. Speke and Grant have discovered the
source of the White Nile in a large lake (which they have named
Victoria), near the equator. This discovery solves the oldest of all
idea of the magnitude of the undertaking of blockading the southern
coast may be gathered from the facts furnished by Prof. Bache,
superintendent of the coast survey, to rear admiral Davis, chief of the
navigation bureau. This report shows that the line of coast guarded by
our blockading fleet is three thousand five hundred and forty-nine miles
long, without counting the indentations of harbors and ports. There are
one hundred and eighty-nine openings in this coast, either rivers, bays,
harbors, inlets, sounds or passes. No other nation ever did, nor unless
in a war with this country, ever could have so vast an extent of coast
to close against commerce with the world.
Puebla Taken by the French.
New York, June 1.—An extra of the Diario
of the 26th, received per steamer Shell
Drake, reports the arrival at Havana of the French war steamer Darien, from Vera Cruz, with important dispatches from Gen. Forey,
announcing the occupation of Puebla by the forces under his command. The
prisoners include Gen. Ortega, twenty three other generals, nine hundred
minor officers, and seventeen thousand men. It appears that on the 16th
Gen. Forey opened with heavy artillery on the fort Toli Mehuacan, and on
the 17th a breach was effected. The French troops then moved to the
assault, and after a desperate resistance entered the plaza, when Gen.
Ortega surrendered unconditionally. On the 20th one division of the
French army started for the city of Mexico.
New York, June 1.—The following are additional particulars of
the 8th Gen. Comonfort, who had received reinforcements, tried to attack
in rear of the French forces, and Gen. Bazain’s division opposed him,
which defeated its opponent completely. The battle took place near San
Lorenzo, Comonfort losing 2500 men killed, wounded, and prisoners, seven
or eight rifled cannon, and the greater part of his equipment and
munitions of war. It appears that Comonfort’s attack had for its
principal object to favor the entrance into Puebla of a large convoy of
provisions and ammunition.
Forey had received in time part of the heavy artillery he expected, and
already on the 16th, had mounted a battery opposite the fort of Toli
Mehuacan, one of the most dreaded in Puebla. On the same day, the
artillery began to fire, and by the 17th, a breach had been made.
General Forey then commanded an assault to be made upon the fort, but
resistance immediately ceased. Part of the French army entered the town
and Ortega surrendered without conditions with all his forces, including
all artillery and equipments. There would be left in Puebla only a
necessary garrison to prevent its being molested by guerrillas, and the
rest of the forces would immediately take up its march for the capital.
The number of prisoners is already stated.
copperhead teacher in a public school at Syracuse has forbidden the
children under his charge to sing national songs, and the democratic
officials sustain him.
Salt Lake letter in the Chicago Tribune
says the grand jury for the United States district court adjourned
without taking any action whatever in the matter of the arrest of
Brigham Young for polygamy. The whole subject was entirely ignored, save
as a matter of jest.
will found at Port Royal recently by Union soldiers presents a fact not
often set forth out of Dixie. The testator, John Cooper of Caroline
county, Va., gives his property to his wife and daughter, but to do this
he is obliged to emancipate his wife who was his slave, and thereby
(according to aristocratic Virginia practice) legitimatize his bastard
daughter, born of the aforesaid slave. Such is chivalry.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
of a Southern Refugee.
the present time all accounts of affairs in the interior of rebeldom are
read by the northern people with great interest. Two travelers have just
revealed their discovery of the sources of the Nile. Ordinarily the
solution of the problem of centuries would have produced a commotion in
all quarters of the land. But now we care incomparably more for the
mysteries that gather around the streams of the South, than for the
unlocking of the wonders of Egypt.
Hilton Head correspondent of the New York Post
gives an interesting statement from the mouth of a confederate captain
who recently came into our lines on the Ogeechee river. With two
privates and three Negroes he left Savannah May 14th. For three days the
party were on the way between the city and the Ogeechee, suffering
terribly from hunger and thirst. At length they succeeded in effecting
an escape, and under shelter of the American flag once more breathed the
air of liberty.
refugee leader is an Irishman. He enlisted at Savannah in the early
stages of the war, and by enterprise worked his way up to a captaincy.
He first served under Floyd in Western Virginia. Rosecrans once had that
rebel officer with 6,000 men in a trap and would have caught the entire
lot, had Gen. Benham obeyed orders. During the past summer and autumn he
fought under Stonewall Jackson. He speaks of the battle at Thoroughfare
Gap, and of Sigel’s skillful generalship on that occasion. By the manœuvering
of his troops and the disposition of his guns, he baffled the efforts of
the rebels to break through, till the time arrived for the continuance
of the retreat. After the battle of Antietam, he says the confederates
were greatly demoralized, and became so discontented and insubordinate
that the army could easily have been crushed.
accounts of the failure of food at the South corroborate the numerous
statements from other sources already published. For some time the army
in Virginia has subsisted on quarter rations of bacon and flour. The
existence of such an article as beef has become almost traditional.
Luxuries like tea and coffee have almost wholly disappeared. Further
South the scarcity is less pinching. Yet in Savannah flour sells for
eighty dollars a barrel. Board for a laboring man is ten dollars per
week. Georgia is nearly exhausted of meat and there is no young stock
coming on to supply future necessities.
railroad lines are rapidly wearing out. A governmental order has been
promulgated prohibiting all trains from running faster than ten miles
per hour. There is not a single establishment in the Southern States for
the manufacture of railroad iron. Cars are becoming dilapidated and
engines shabby and worthless. Every month the waste goes on without the
possibility of repair. If the war continues much longer, the great
source of Southern resistance—the power of rapid concentration at
threatened points by means of the interior lines of communication—will
the temper of the confederates he speaks fully. In Lee’s army the
soldiers are tired of the war, and ready to welcome peace on any terms.
Convinced of the impossibility of wearying out the North, they desire
that the North may finish the war by conquering them. On the contrary,
the people at home are still as determined as ever. While they make
great abatements from their early pretensions, giving up Missouri,
Kentucky and Maryland, and even speaking doubtfully of the retention of
Virginia, they are resolved to prefer extermination to subjugation, and
graves in the last ditch, to honest lives under the old flag.
notions of the peculiar institution are as sublimated as ever. In fact,
the subject of slavery constitutes the burthen of Southern thought and
the chief topic of Southern conversation. They believe in the divinity
and perpetuity of the system, and are resolved in the adjustment of
peace to compel the United States to sign a bond to return all
fugitives. The colored soldiers who have dug trenches, built
fortifications and fought battles for the Union, must all be sent back
to servitude. This smacks of the habitual modesty of the rebels.
the changes of war, the rich are growing richer, and the poor poorer.
Planters with products to sell have “heaps” of confederate paper, which
is now at a discount of seven hundred per cent in Savannah. They take
advantage of the necessities of the needy to buy up their Negroes, &c.,
which these are obliged to sell to procure the means of subsistence.
Lake Panden, on the Yazoo River, May 31.–Scouts report that Gen. Johnston is advancing. One army
corps drew seven days rations and marched to meet him. At daylight
yesterday, his advance was stated to be between the Yazoo and Big Black
rivers, with the intention of retaking Haines’ Bluff, and breaking up
communications by the Yazoo route. His force is estimated at from 15,000 to
35,000. Gen. Grant is confident of his ability to defeat him without raising
5.—Advices from Grant’s army, to the 30th, have been received. The
siege of Vicksburg is slowly progressing. The mortars are firing slowly day
the prisoners in the Vicksburg jail have been released and put across the
river. They report that one of the mortar shells exploded in the jail and
authorities at Washington appear to be perplexed at the movements of Lee’s
rebel army, and fears are expressed that he intends another raid into
Maryland. Instead of waiting for something to turn up or for Lee to get into
Maryland, it seems to us very strange that Hooker’s army don’t move on
Lee, and by so doing put a stop to his movements, whatever they may be.
The Crops at the South.–According
to the Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist
the talk about a large grain crop in the South is not true. The report has
been got up by speculators for their own advantage. They have purchased the
crops from the farmers at a low price, with the view of selling at famine
rates, as it is the fact that the whole crop will not furnish nine months’
supply. Farmers, the Constitutionalist
says, will be humbugged, speculators enriched, and government and people
forced to pay the old high prices or perhaps more.
editor of the Scientific American,
who has examined the monitor Passaic,
now undergoing repairs at New York, says the trial to which she was
subjected during the attack on Charleston proves that our iron-clads are
impregnable, and that we may safely defy all the English iron-clads and
their armaments. The Whitworth shot, or fac similes of them, in a
majority of cases struck sideways; they reached the turret in all possible
positions and show very poor shooting on the part of the rebels. There is no
indentation on the Passaic deeper than a tea saucer, and she was the most injured of
the attacking fleet except the Keokuk,
which was not a monitor.
CONTEST AT VICKSBURG.
The Battle Raging with Terrible Earnestness on Monday.
The Rebel Redoubts All Carried by Gen. Grant.
Chicago Times has [a] special
dispatch dated in the field, near Vicksburg, May 23d, (Saturday) 9
o’clock p.m., which says:
has been no fighting to-day. The troops are resting from yesterday’s
assault. Our repulse was complete in all parts of the line. No
discouragement need be entertained of our final success. We are
entrenching ourselves and building rifle pits. Cavalry have been sent
out towards Canton, to ascertain the whereabouts of Gen. Johnston’s
forces. Our loss yesterday was not far from 1000.”
Times also has the following
dispatch, dated Memphis, May 27: The steamer City
of Memphis, which left the vicinity of Vicksburg on Monday last
(25th) arrived here today, and reports Gen. Grant as having captured
every redoubt. At one place it was necessary, owing to the steepness of
the hill, to scale it with ladders. Gen. Hovey led the assault. The
rebels rolled their shells down the hill at the federals, which exploded
amongst them, making fearful havoc. The fight was going on furiously,
when the City of Memphis left.
The federal losses are said to be very heavy.
Johnston is rapidly receiving reinforcements in the vicinity of Jackson,
with the intention of attacking Grant’s rear. He is reported to have
said that if Vicksburg holds out 15 days, he will throw 100,000 troops
into it, if it requires the relinquishment of every foot of territory in
his department to effect it.
Gen. Grant Thinks.
Washington letter in the New York Commercial
says: Although it has been contradicted, it is true that the president
did receive a dispatch a day or two ago from Gen. Grant, in which he
stated that he had intercepted a dispatch from the rebel secretary of
war, not Jeff Davis, as published to Gen. Pemberton, stating that if he
could hold out at Vicksburg 15 days longer, he could send him 100,000
men. Gen. Grant adds that this was impossible, for two reasons,—first,
that Col. Grierson had so destroyed the railroads in Mississippi that
that number of men could not be forwarded in time, and second, that
Pemberton could not hold out 15 days. Gen. Grant was sanguine then.
Fight Still Progressing Thursday the 28th.
Rebels Closely Pressed on All Sides.
special dispatch from headquarters in the field near Vicksburg, May
29th, says: But little has been effected in the last 36 hours. Over 100
pieces of field artillery and several siege and round shot and shell
were poured on the enemy’s works yesterday. The mortar fleet took
position at De Soto point and bombarded the city the entire day. On the
right Gen. Sherman has pushed Steele’s division squarely to the foot
of the parapets. Our men who lay in the ditch and on top of the parapet
inside one of the parapet forts were unable to take it by storm, but
determined not to retire. The Federals and rebel soldiers are not 25
feet apart, but they are powerless to inflict much harm. Each watches
the other, and dozens of muskets are fired as soon as a soldier exposes
himself above the works on either side.
the same condition exists in McPherson’s front. His sharpshooters
prevent the working of the enemy’s pieces in one or two forts. A
charge was made yesterday morning, the 28th, on one of them by
Stephenson’s brigade, and repulsed. Two companies of one regiment got
inside. A few got out again, but the most of them were captured. The
forts are all filled with infantry. Our artillery has dismounted a few
guns and damaged the works but they are still strong.->
McClernand was hard pressed on the left yesterday, the 28th, and sent
for reinforcements. Quimby’s division went to his assistance at 4 p.m.
flag was planted at the foot of the earthworks on the outside of one of
the rebel forts and kept there several hours, but the fort was not
taken. McClernand’s loss is estimated at 1,000 killed and wounded
yesterday. The fighting grows more desperate every day. Transports bring
supplies within three miles of the right wing. Gen. Johnston is reported
near the Big [Black] river, in our rear, with reinforcements for the
besieged. Gen. Grant can detail men enough from his operations at
Vicksburg to keep Johnston in check.
of a Rebel Navy Yard.
of a Rebel Ram and a Large Amount of Property.
Black Hawk, Mississippi Squadron,
near Vicksburg, May 25.
To Honorable Gideon Welles, Secretary of Navy.—Sir: I have the
honor to inform you that the expedition under command of Lieutenant
Commander Walker, after taking possession of the forts at Haines’
Bluff, was perfectly successful. Three powerful steamers and a ram were
destroyed at Yazoo City. The ram was a monster, 310 feet long, 70 feet
from beam to beam, and covered with four inch iron plates; also a fine
navy yard, with machine shops of all kinds, saw mills, blacksmith shops,
&c., were burned up. The property destroyed and captured amounted to
over $2,000,000. Had the monster ram been finished, she would have given
us some trouble. One battery was destroyed at Drury’s Bluff. Our loss
on the expedition was 1 killed and 7 wounded.
Acting Rear Admiral,
Commanding Mississippi Squadron.
Sorts of Items.
Europe is not ignorant or inimical. Here is an item which will touch
every Union heart, and warm t towards all Germany: Over 80 large
packages of fine linen and lint, which had been contributed by the
friends of the Union along the Rhine, for the benefit of our sick and
wounded soldiers, arrived at New York by steamship from Hamburg a few
days ago. Some of the packages were of the size of hogsheads, and all
were made up of the best material. The linen was especially fine. Every
package bore this inscription: “Rhenish Bavaria. For the wounded
defenders of the United States.”
New York Independent says:
“Generals do not thrive under the drip of the capitol. At thirty-six
hours’ distance from Washington, armies and generals succeed. At
twenty hours’ they just hold their own; but within six hours’ the
are as dead as a field of wheat under the shadow of a tree.”
manumitted Negroes, former slaves of secessionists from Missouri, were
stopped a few days since, after they had crossed the Mississippi at
Millersville, near Quincy, Ill., and robbed of all their arms and money
they had, and then turned loose. The robbers were Illinois copperheads.
The Negroes have since enlisted in the Massachusetts colored regiment.
JUNE 6, 1863
SATURDAY EVENING GAZETTE (MA)
Week’s War Story.
Grierson’s cavalry made another raid from Baton Rouge, capturing and
destroying a large rebel camp.
English ships Nora and Chas. Hill, being
in company on the 25th of March and bound for the West Indies, were
captured and burnt by the Alabama.
The crew was kept 21 days on board the privateer, landed at Fernando de
Noronha, where they remained five days, half starved, and at last got to
Pernambuco in a wretched condition. The skippers had taken every
precaution to guard against the Alabama,
and the attention of the British Government has been called to the
peace convention was held at Cooper Institute, New York, on Wednesday,
at which the principal speaker was Fernando Wood. Peace and Vallandigham
pervaded the resolutions passed.
Hunter addressed a letter to Jeff Davis, dated the 23d of April, stating
that in retaliation for the order to execute such Negroes as might be
captured in arms against the South, unless such order should be
instantly revoked, he would at once cause the execution of every rebel
officer and every rebel slaveholder in his possession. He has also
issued an order drafting all the able bodied men not in the employ of
the Government found in that department after the 15th inst. Gen. Hunter
has since been relieved of the command of the Department of the South,
to be succeeded by Gen. Gilmer. (Both items doubtful.)
was a fight of nine hours on Port Hudson Plains, four miles in the rear
of Port Hudson, on the 23d ult., Gen. Auger’s whole division being
engaged. The rebels were thoroughly whipped, a large number killed and
wounded, and a hundred captured. The Federal loss was 19 killed and 80
wounded. The 10th Mass. Regt. Was engaged and had 5 wounded, 49th Mass.
4 wounded, 48th Mass. 2 killed and 8 wounded.
of the murderers of Capt. Dwight has been arrested and immediately shot.
steamer Louisiana Belle, on
her way from Brashear to Washington, La., was attacked by guerrillas.
She had on board Co. B of the Mass. 4th, ten men of whom were wounded.
The guerrillas were driven off after an hour and a half’s fighting.
Burnside prohibited the circulation of the New York World
and Chicago Times in his
Department. Federal troops took possession of the Chicago Times
office on Tuesday night and left after giving notice of a permanent
occupancy if any attempt was made to publish another paper. In the U. S.
Court a motion by the counsel for the Times
to defer an application for an injunction until notice of the
application could be given to the military commander at Camp Douglas was
granted. On Wednesday night, in obedience to a call, a large meeting
assembled. Speeches were made counseling observance of the laws, but
denouncing Gen. Burnside’s act. Resolutions requesting the disavowal
of the order and its withdrawal passed the Illinois House of
Representatives. By direction of the President, Gen. Burnside revoked
his order on the 4th inst. On Friday the bill asking for an injunction
was withdrawn, and the case was dismissed.
editors of New York are to meet on the 8th inst., to consider the right
of journalists to criticize the acts of those charged with the conduct
of the Government.
capture of ten blockade runners was reported at Washington on the 4th
Grierson has been appointed Brigadier General for his recent
Vicksburg we learn that on the evening of the 20th ult., Gen. Pemberton
asked for two and a half hours to bury his dead, which was granted. Up
to the 29th, three assaults had been made on the rebel stronghold, in
each of which the Federal troops were repulsed. The last was made by
Gen. Sherman with 20,000 men, in which he lost [600?] killed and a large
dispatch from Gen. Auger, dated the 23d, stated that Gen. Grant had had
a big victory over Johnston, capturing over 6000 prisoners and over
sixty pieces of artillery. He had invested Vicksburg, carried the first
two lines of the city defences, and his right rested on the Mississippi,
from whence he received supplies.
gunboat Cincinnati was sunk by
the fire from the rebel batteries on the 25th, with a loss of 20 killed
and wounded. It is believed, however, that she can be raised.
cessation of hostilities on the 21st was to allow the women and children
to leave the city.
is said that the sick who remain in Vicksburg have excavated caves, and
remain there night and day.
the 30th Gen. Grant notified the Government that everything was
progressing satisfactorily. Gens. McPherson and Sherman had pushed their
artillery within 50 yards of the rebel works. Heavy reinforcements were
arriving for Gen. Grant.
the 1st inst., firing was was going on all day, and a conflagration was
raging in the city.
garrison at Franklin, Tenn., was attacked by 1200 cavalry on the 4th,
and the Union forces driven back to their entrenchments, but they
rallied and drove the enemy with heavy loss. The Federal forces at Trome,
Tenn., were simultaneously attacked, but the rebels were driven back
with a loss of 200.
is thought that the draft in this State will be about 1300 men to a
is selling from nine to nine and a half per ton. There is every
indication that it will be much higher in the fall.
to Mr. Appolonio’s report, six colored men in Boston have during the
past year married white brides, but no white man has selected a colored
woman for a wife.
is full of Southern “skedaddlers,” who with their wives and children
occupy all the hotels and sing secesh songs from morning till night. A
trip to Montreal was once quite delightful, but we advise all loyal
people to permit the grass to grow in its streets.
proprietors of a hall at Newton Corner recently permitted a performance
of private theatricals for the benefit of the soldiers, but they refused
to allow the company to repeat them, as they had discovered such
entertainments were of an immoral tendency. Whew!
first class hotels of Boston are to charge three dollars per day after
Monday next, which is not an extravagant increase with beefsteak at
twenty-five cents per pound. Such comforts as one finds at the Tremont
and Revere Houses, in the shape of good attendance, excellent tables,
and comfortable sleeping apartments are certainly worth this price,
which has for some time been the tariff of hotels not half so good in
New York and other places.
North Carolina served as the breadbasket of the Army of Northern
Virginia throughout the war. The constant raids by the Union Navy,
targeting such collection points as described in this article, seriously
damaged Lee’s supply lines.
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