OCTOBER 30, 1864
DAILY PICAYUNE (LA)
War in New Zealand–Native Superstitions.
[From the Southern Cross,
Auckland, June 3.]
following account of the origin and nature of the native religious
delusion which has been the cause of the late alarm will doubtless
interest our readers: On the occasion of the fight at Ahuahu, Capt.
Lloyd’s blood was drunk by the natives that killed him, and after
having finished their orgies they cut off his head and buried it. Next
night the Archangel Gabriel is said to have appeared to those who had
partaken of the blood, and desired them to disinter and dry it in the
old Maori fashion, in order that the captain’s spirit, speaking
through the head, might become the medium of communication between the
Almighty and mankind, and be carried through the island as a banner
under which a crusade against the pakehas was to be preached.1
This was accordingly done, and the head is asserted to have spoken and
propounded the new creed, as well as appointed Te Ua of Ngatiruanui,
Hepanaia of Taranaki, and Matene Rangitanira of Wanganui as its chief
priests. The following are the principle articles of the new faith: Its
professors were to be called “Pai marire,” (good and peaceable), and
the word “hou,” pronounced short, like the barking of a dog, was to
be their sacred watchword, the rapid utterance of which would ward off
all danger, seven to the extent of causing edged weapons to glance from
their bodies in battle, and bullets aimed at them to change their course
and rise in the air. The proselytes were to be initiated by drinking
water in which the head had been dipped, or which had been poured over
the head, and take an oath to destroy every white person, without
distinction of age or sex, till all were killed or driven from the land.
The professors of the new faith were to be under the special protection
of the Virgin Mary, who would be personally present among them; and they
were to be assisted in their task of driving out the pakeha by the
Archangel Gabriel and hosts of angels, and as soon as the task was
completed these heavenly messengers would teach them all arts and
sciences known to the Europeans. The professors would be enabled to
learn English or any other foreign language perfectly in one lesson, by
observing certain forms–namely, standing for a given time in a certain
position, under a flag of a particular color and pattern, hoisted on a
flagstaff of certain dimensions. The priests claimed to have acquired
this power, and Matene lately, when at Waitotara, got possession of a
piece of newspaper in which some articles purchased in town had been
wrapped, and pretended to read it aloud in English, and afterwards to
translate it; and performed the cheat so adroitly that one of the
present–a very intelligent native, who from his boyhood has had
intercourse with Europeans–was deceived into becoming a convert, and
has since been deprived of his office in consequence. All the European
creeds were to be regarded as false, and done away with; all Bibles and
other books relating to them were to be destroyed; the observance of the
Sabbath was to cease, all days being regarded as holy; and marriage and
its obligations were to be dispensed with in order that the race of
believers might increase the faster and become as the sand of the sea in
fact that the extraordinary powers promised have not been conferred was
accounted for by its beings necessary that the head should first visit
the whole island. How far the professors of the new creed and its
priests have been self-deluded, it is hard to say; but the death of two
out of the three leaders (Hepanaia at Sentry Hill and Matene at Moutoa,)
may cause the delusion to die out. Nevertheless, the importance of
securing Capt. Lloyd’s head is obvious, as use may still be made of it
for mischievous purposes by any native possessing ventriloquial powers.
Tribe of Circassians Still Holding Out.—A letter from
Trebizond, in the Paris Moniteur,
Circassian tribe which has taken refuge in the high mountains behind
Gonais still holds out in its resistance against Russia. The number of
families which have retreated there is estimated at five hundred.
Encounters take place constantly, and, although the besiegers consist of
six thousand men, the Russians have so far always been defeated. A
serious attack was made recently, when the Circassians resisted with
such energy that two hundred of the enemy, including a colonel, a major
and several other officers were killed or wounded. To resist the
besiegers the Circassians erect with much skill immense piles of stones,
of a large size, and, when the attack is made, by removing one of them,
which forms a sort of keystone, the rest roll down into the ravine,
crushing everything before them. The mountaineers will resist so long as
their provisions hold out, unless the Russians succeed in turning their
strong positions. The country is being continually traversed by bands of
people removing. About fifteen thousand persons of the Natoubhatch tribe
are expected at Novrosisk shortly, where sixteen sailing vessels, under
the Ottoman flag, are awaiting to embark them on their arrival. The
chief of that important tribe, a rich and important personage, who
possesses considerable forests, and immense flocks, has already left
Novrosisk with four thousand of his people. The Russian Government has
placed the corvette Wolga at his disposal, and to him was paid the greatest attention.
He has gone to reside at Ruviendje.
the newspapers North, we find the question mooted where Edgar A. Poe was
buried, a movement being started to erect a monument to the author of
“The Raven” and “The Bells.” Poe died in New York, and if our
recollection is not amiss, his remains were interred in one of the
intra-mural churchyards of that city. He was buried from a hospital
there, if we mistake not, though the writer of the preface to
Redfield’s edition of his poems, (New York, 1859,) says (and it may be
so,) “he lies in a burying ground in Baltimore, his native city,
without a stone to mark the place.”
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Our Surplus Women.
[From the Charlottesville
great mortality of the war, particularly among the young men of the
country, is likely to raise certain practical questions between the
sexes, which are not unworthy the attention of the reflecting mind. The
disproportion between the sexes will be so great, upon the advent of
peace, and the preponderance of the female element so heavy, that it is
by no means irrelevant to inquire, what are we to do with our women?
Their prejudices against foreigners are so great the importation of
husbands to supply the deficiency which will exist, however satisfactory
it might be to many young ladies, would never receive the approval of
the country. There is therefore remaining no expedient for the
disposition of the surplus population of this class but to take their
situation in single life as agreeably as the circumstances will permit,
or the alternative of polygamy. For the latter we have the precedent of
many examples, such as for instance, as Jacob and David and
Solomon–the last of whom is recorded to have shared his affections
among as many as seven hundred princesses and royal partners. . . We
regard this, however, as difficult of realization in our circumstances,
and prefer to recommend the organization of Protestant religious houses,
like the Convents and Sisters of Mercy among the Roman Catholics. . .
occurs to us that our young ladies may even now fairly give their
attention to this subject. It is clearly sentimental–as much so as
conventual life–and will be a matter of necessity, unless female
celibacy in its present objectionable form is to throw its shadow over
the whole land. We, for our part, like old maids, in exceptional cases,
and regard them as the best-informed and most agreeable members of their
sex–rational and matured women, instead of malapert young misses, with
nothing to recommend them but the blood in their cheeks–but, of
course, a table full of spinsters of sixty at dinner, gray, gaunt, and
sharp-featured, would violate all correct taste, and is not to be
tolerated. We must retire our surplus young women. They can dedicate
their lives to deeds of charity, and acts of mercy–and a single life
after all is nothing when you get used to it.
equally grave question concerns our unmarried male population. The
opportunity is now afforded of marrying almost whom you please–just as
one stands under an apple tree, he can pluck just the one he fancies.
The national peril in this matter is that poor human nature will pluck
only the red and richly colored fruit–and think little of what may be
most conducive to health, or possess the more durable properties for
expression and preserving. All of our most useful women have been
ugly–and we tremble at the state of things when all this better class
is entirely excluded from the duties of wives and mothers. . .
A Voice from Johnson’s Island.
[From the South Carolinian.]
Editors: Please allow me, as a returned prisoner from Johnson’s
Island, to say a word or two in regard to that institution, and to pay a
just and merited tribute to certain officers confined there, whose
services to their suffering companies can never be forgotten. Your own
efforts in behalf of our captive braves, the more emboldens me to
trespass upon your space in this instance, and the subject itself is one
that cannot be uninteresting to your readers.
are now on Johnson’s Island some twenty-five hundred prisoners, of
which number about twenty-three hundred are commissioned officers, from
Maj. General to 2d Junior Lieutenant. The climate is exceeding cold, and
in every way inclement, producing diseases which almost invariably,
sooner or later, terminate fatally. To add to this, during the greater
portion of the past two years, the supply of medicines has been
insufficient, although the Federal authorities have had no difficulty
obtaining them in unlimited quantities. ->
lack of medicines, however, may be traced back to a lack of energy on
the part of the Federal Surgeon who superintended the prison hospital up
to last spring. The change of surgeons produced a change in the general
conduct of the hospital; and, from a building almost entirely destitute
of the commonest necessaries, it has been made comparatively
comfortable. It is now in charge of Dr. Eversman, who is as
conscientious as the character of his people and the restrictions
imposed by his Government will permit him to be.
hospital record shows an average mortality among the officers (I could
not see the mortuary lists of the enlisted men) of about twelve per
month, from July, 1863 to Aug., 1864. The number of patients daily
treated in the hospital during the last fall and winter months was two
hundred, and in the “blocks” or barracks, five hundred more. The
physicians are own own officers, who were practitioners before they
entered the military service.
is in this connection that I wish to speak of the devotion and untiring
energy of those officers who voluntarily took charge of the hospital
labor, and gave up all their own little comforts to render comfortable
their sick and disabled comrades in misfortune. I refer especially to
Capt. J. Ravenel Macbeth, of 1st S. C. Heavy Artillery, Col. I. G.
Steedman, formerly of South Carolina, but now of 1st Alabama Cavalry,
and Captain J. F. Sessions, of the 18th Mississippi Regiment. Capt.
Macbeth voluntarily took charge as steward, and by his untiring energy
and business qualifications, brought order out of confusion. Of a noble,
generous and open-hearted nature, he drew upon his private means, and
expended thousands of dollars in the purchase of necessaries and
articles suited to the sick, and many a brave officer has gone to his
grave with a parting blessing upon this young man’s head. Colonel
Steedman, Captain Sessions, and Capt. Lock, all physicians of more than
ordinary ability and acquirements, added to their professional duties
that gentlemanly courtesy of demeanor and tenderness of feeling which
none but the sufferer can appreciate freely.
all hours of the day and night, they were prompt to the sick summons,
and never wearied of their self-imposed duty. When the history of this
war is written, the volume which relates to the prison should contain no
brighter page than that which records the services of these heroic men.
Captain Macbeth and Captain Sessions returned to their loved soil in
company with the writer of this, and if it be possible, I hope they may
receive even a more cordial welcome when their services are made public.
approach of winter is marked by an increased demand for the comforts of
life, and in the present case, by a diminution of supply from the Yankee
authorities. The rations, which were inferior in quality and
insufficient in quantity, have been fearfully reduced; nor is the
prisoner allowed to purchase or receive more, unless he receive it from
the South. The ice winds will pierce through many a gallant officer’s
tattered clothing and cool his life-blood this season. Hundreds will
sicken from the exposure to intense cold, and, when the disease has been
conquered by medicine, will die because the daily food is insufficient
to assist nature and renew strength. Is it not a good time, then.
Messrs. Editors, to call upon the friends of the captive, and ask that
aid be given them–aid in food and clothing? Some good can be done, but
it must be done at once. You know the best mode to adopt to secure this
end. I believe it is only necessary to let the people know that while
the Federal captive can buy what he pleases at the South, and exhaust
the markets of family supplies, the officers and privates of our gallant
armies are denied the privilege of supplying themselves, at their own
expense, with food and clothing sufficient
to keep their brave hearts beating.
NOVEMBER 1, 1864
DAILY UNION (MA)
Night Attack on our Lines by
Army of the Potomac, Oct. 30.
utmost quiet has prevailed all along the line to-day; even picket firing
seems to have been stopped by unanimous consent. Since the army returned
from the late movement against the South Side railroad, the regimental
and brigade commanders have been holding inspections, and the commands
are being put in as effective condition as before they started.
31st, 6 o’clock a.m.–The rebels attempted to play a sharp trick on our
line last night at half past 9 o’clock, which was partially
successful. The main object of the attack, however, was defeated, at
considerable loss to them. At the point of connection between the 2d
corps and the 5th corps pickets, they made an entrance, and passing from
one post to another, they penetrated our line for some distance, taking
all they met prisoners. They then sent forward a heavy force to charge
the line of breastworks, in the hope of piercing our centre, but one of
the pickets had escaped to the main line, and given warning in time for
the men to be put on guard behind the works, and when the rebels
advanced they received such a fire as to drive them back in confusion
and with heavy loss.
attempts resulted in a like manner, and although firing was kept up
nearly all night, the enemy gained no further advantage. Our loss is put
down at 387 men captured. The casualties in killed and wounded are not
known, but are very few. The loss of the enemy must have been heavy, as
they advanced within range of our batteries and infantry lines. It was
somewhat dark, however, and the firing was not of course so effective as
it would have been by daylight.
of a “Reliable Gentleman” Just Arrived from Richmond.
gentleman, who for twelve months has been attempting to get away from
the South, succeeded several days ago, and is now in this city. He
occupied a responsible position in the Confederate government, and had
abundant opportunities for learning the real condition of affairs in
that section. He represents the conscription as actively progressing,
and persons between 16 and 55 years of age being sent to the army.
Telegraphers, expressmen, and railroad employees continue exempt from
military duty. The rebel authorities are making every effort to get
every available man into the army. About 30,000 new levies have been
sent to reinforce Lee. Hood’s army numbers about 30,000. There are few
troops besides these two armies, and they are scattered over the South.
There are only 40 men as provost guard at Fredericksburg, Va.
appears to be a sufficiency of substantial food, but luxuries cannot at
many places be purchased. This gentleman thousands of soldiers would if
they could escape from the service, and in some sections if any
opportunity were offered, the Union feeling would emphatically manifest
itself. He bought some gold before he left Richmond, paying 25 dollars
Confederate money for one in coin. After Early’s defeat in the valley,
a dollar in gold could not be bought for less than fifty in paper. He
says no one out of the Confederacy can have a current idea of the
general effects of the ravages of the war, both on agriculture and
New Rifle.—Col. Berdan, the famous sharp-shooter, has
invented a new long-range rifle, which has just been successfully tested
at Utica, N. Y. The Evening Post thus describes the rifle and the test:
problem which Col. Berdan undertook to solve was no less than that of
the construction of a rifle which should be breech-loading, light enough
for ordinary infantry, economical, and at the same time possess greater
accuracy and effectiveness at long range than any weapon known.
results he claims to have effected, and the rifle in which he has sought
to combine these desiderata was publicly tested by him at Utica on the
25th inst., in the presence of a large number of experts. Utica was
appropriately chosen as the scene of this exhibition, as it is the
headquarters of rifle-making in the Union, the celebrated establishments
of Mr. Ferris and Mr. James being situated there. Mr. James, himself an
unsurpassed shot, was present with one of his best heavy target rifles
with telescopic sight. Col. Berdan’s rifle was externally an ordinary
United States Springfield rifle with a simple breech-loading attachment.
The target was placed at the extreme distance of twelve hundred measured
yards, and after firing two or three preliminary shots to get the range,
Colonel Berdan, sighting with the eye alone, without telescopic aid,
struck the bull’s-eye five times out of six shots, and then gave place
to Mr. James, who fired at the target for several hours without being
able to reach it–his shots invariably striking the ground two or three
hundred yards short. At the end of this time he gave up the contest,
admitting that his rifle could not compete with Col. Berdan’s at such
long range. When it is remembered that breech-loaders have hitherto been
wholly ineffective at long ranges, it will be seen how great a
revolution in firearms this fact foreshadows.
penetrating power of the guns was then tested against a target
consisting of thirty one-inch boards, fixed in a frame one behind the
other, with inch spaces between them. Mr. James’s rifle penetrated
eleven of these, Colonel Berdan’s twenty-nine, and stuck fast in the
thirtieth; the Springfield musket penetrated eleven, Sharp’s rifle
fourteen, the Spencer repeater thirteen.
Berdan’s invention comprises: First–a new, ingenious and simple
breech-loading apparatus; second, a new form of rifling the barrel and
cartridge-chamber; third, an entirely new form of ammunition or
cartridge, which enables it to pass through the barrel without any
change of form or loss of power by friction, and which enables the
soldier to use at discretion a single ball for long range or three more
round balls for close volley firing, with equal effect.
of a Rebel Raid on Buffalo.
city is being patrolled by military and police, in anticipation of
raiders, but none have made their appearance, yet last night companies
were stationed at elevators and around the docks, but nothing occurred.
It is thought the prompt action of the authorities and the fact that the
military were all out yesterday attending Gen. Bidwell’s funeral
entirely frustrated the plans of the raiders.
Number of suspicious persons have been observed in town within a
short time, and it is stated by some that rockets were thrown up and
guns fired by unknown parties. These are thought to have been signals to
parties on the opposite shore.
NOVEMBER 2, 1864
DAILY UNION (MA)
Raid on Castine, Me.
The Raiders Driven Off, after
a Bloodless Fight.
dispatch from Augusta, Me., states that an attempt was made Monday night
to surprise the water battery at Castine, by a raiding party from the
land side. The sentinel was fired upon, but the garrison rallied and
drove the attacking party off. They escaped by boats after exchanging
number of shots. One of the raiders was supposed to be wounded.
None of the garrison were hurt, but bullets came very near some of them.
Castine is defended by two new earthworks, mounting five guns each.
dispatch to the Mayor of Portland from Castine gives particulars of the
attack upon the water battery at that time. On Monday, at midnight, a
small party of men approached from the rear, and when challenged they
immediately fired upon the sentinel, who returned the fire. Sergeant
Ramsdell was fired upon as he came out of his quarters, and four balls
lodged within two feet of him. The garrison mustered promptly and
pursued the raiders for about half a mile, firing upon them, and they
replying, when they took to a boat and escaped. The object was supposed
to be the capture of the U. S. cutter lying in the harbor. This city has
been put into a state of defence by orders from Gov. Cony. The home
guards are in readiness for duty and the city government has increased
and armed the police.
Capture of the Roanoke.
York, Nov. 1.
Hawley of the captured steamer Roanoke,
in a statement of the affair, says:
steamer was boarded in Havana harbor by three boats containing
passengers, who in the evening proved themselves to be rebels, led by
Lieut. Braine. Officers and crew were overpowered and made prisoners,
and the vessels headed for Bermuda, when a pilot was called on board,
and Braine went ashore and brought on board a party of rebels, and the
vessel put to sea, soon overhauling a brig with coal and provisions for
were taken on board, and the next day a vessel was met which was to take
off the passengers. Transfer was made, together with a
quantity of cotton, and the steamer set on fire. The passengers
and crew were taken into Five Fathom Hole, and the purser and 1st
officer went ashore to have the pirates arrested. They were arrested,
but after a mock trial by the British authorities, were discharged. The Roanoke
had $17,000 in greenbacks and $4,ooo in gold. The report that Capt. Drew
had notice of the plot to capture the vessel is unfounded. The mails of
the Roanoke arrived here
Fraudulent Soldiers’ Votes.
The Accumulation of Evidence
Against Col. North.
Confession of His Chief Assistant.
York, Nov. 2.
Tribune’s Washington special
says of the election frauds, Marvin Jones, Colonel North’s chief
assistant, has made a full confession of his complicity in forgery, and
that the business has been carried on at Col. North’s agency much more
extensively than at Baltimore. The complete implication of Col. North
staggers the commission sent on by Seymour. The trial of North will
probably take place Friday or Saturday.
Times’ special says a
careful examination of the facts and papers in the case has convinced
Judge Parker and his associates that the matter is much more serious
than expected, and is a grave crime against the purity of the ballot
box. The cases of Col. North and his co-conspirators is adjourned, to
enable preparation for the defence. All his assumed carelessness is
gone, and he is devoting himself seriously to clear himself from the
accumulated evidence of complicity in the fraud. Hon. Ransom H. Giblet
is retained as counsel for North.
Union Club, Jr.—The Union Club, Jr., had their first parade
with their new torches last evening, marching through the principal
streets and honoring with three cheers the Union office and many private
residences. The boys made a good show, but were interrupted slightly by
a lot of ragged Irish boys, who went into the McClellan headquarters and
stole a transparency marked “Little Mac shall rule,” and fell in at
the head of the Union boys. This dastardly act gave rise to a scrimmage,
which resulted in one knock down on the Union side and a severe
chastisement to the young rebels. The members of the young McClellan
club disclaim all connection with the affair.
rebel ram Albemarle was blown
up by some of Admiral Porter’s men on the 28th ult. Full particulars
are not received yet, but what we have comes through Admiral Porter.
Several Union men were wounded or captured during the enterprise, but
the destruction of the ram was complete, and probably her crew shared
national debt now amounts to $2,017,099,515. During October the increase
was $61,000,000. There is now $37,500,000 of unpaid requisitions, and
$27,000,000 in the treasury to pay it with.
financial failures in England are reported, and there is a great
financial panic in Brazil. The latter, however, does not appear to be
due to any connection with American affairs.
Davis appears to have decided to “go in” and help along the Chicago
platform, if the following, in the Charleston Mercury,
Davis, who has been opposed to making any concessions whatever to the
enemy, has been finally prevailed upon to grant an armistice to the
North, provided it is solicited in a respectful manner. This proposed
armistice, if granted, raises the blockade by land and sea, which will
enable our men to lay in a large amount of supplies. Deserters from our
service will then be glad to return, in order to receive their pay and
an honorable discharge, which will give us an additional 200,000
veterans. Then, if hostilities are resumed, the South is sure of
success. Therefore we lose noting by granting this experiment to the
Yankees, who have openly confessed they are whipped by proclaiming the
war on their part a failure.”
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
The Destruction of the
Account of the Affair.
Nov. 2.–By the report of Commander Macomb of the United States
steamer Shamrock, dated 29th, it appears
that on the night of the 27th, Lieut. W. B. Cushing ascended the
Roanoke river in his torpedo-boat, having a second cutter in tow, for
the purpose of blowing up the rebel ram Albemarle,
at Plymouth. He passed the Southfield
without being noticed, and arrived within a short distance of the ram
before he was discovered, when he cast loose the cutter, ordering it to
board the Southfield and
capture the pickets stationed there, while he attacked the ram with his
the rebels kept up a severe fire of musketry, and with a howitzer
mounted on the wharf, Lieut. Cushing succeeded in exploding his torpedo
under the Albemarle, at the
same instant that the gun of the vessel to which they were directly
opposite was fired on the torpedo-boat, which immediately filled, and
the Lieutenant ordered his officers and men to save themselves, and then
jumped overboard. He was picked up by the Valley
City on the night of the 28th.
performance was one of the most gallant and successful of the war.
Cushing arrived here to-day bringing with him his official report of the
particulars attending his destruction of the rebel ram Albemarle. This act relieves all the sounds of North Carolina from
floating enemies, and thus leaves them free to the operations of our
fleet. Lieut. Cushing is satisfied that a large number of lives were
lost by the blowing up, as the Albemarle’s guns were all manned. The
Secretary of the Navy will recommend Congress to pass a vote of thanks,
and he will be promoted to the rank of Lieut. Commander.
Improved Style of Hazing at Harvard.—Some two or three
years since, a student, in straitened financial circumstances, in one of
the undergraduate classes of Harvard, had his room entered during his
absence from it, a new carpet put down, coal and furniture provided, so
that, on his return, he was met by the surprise of finding his
difficulties concerning funds removed, at least to the extent of a
contribution of articles of nearly the value of one hundred dollars, and
that by associates whose names he probably never learned. This improved
hazing has recently reappeared in the present senior class, one of the
worthiest men in which has just been aided by his classmates by a
private contribution of something over $100; the second instance of the
same kind in the same body of young men. In the class that was last
graduated there were two instances of similar important aid to
individuals by the trifling effort of the many.–Journal.
The Pirate Tallahassee Again on
R. I., Nov. 2.–The schooner Goodspeed,
Capt. Baxter, of Boston, for Philadelphia, was boarded by the pirate Tallahassee
seven miles off Block Island and scuttled.
captain, mate, and six men escaped in a boat to Block Island and are now
here. The captain reports that the Tallahassee
scuttled another Eastern vessel within a short distance of his vessel.
The crew of the Tallahassee
reported to Captain Baxter that they had the crews of three other
vessels, which were destroyed within three days.
gunboat Marblehead left
Newport in pursuit this evening.
Rebel Plot to Burn Northern
dispatch from Secretary Seward, that information has been received at the
Department of a conspiracy to set fire to the principal cities of the North
on the day of the presidential election, was sent to the Mayors of all the
cities throughout New England, and precautionary measures will doubtless be
taken. The Newburyport Herald
hope ere long that the government will man Fort Nichols. They have mounted
the guns, and thereby not secured the safety, but actually endangered the
place, as no men are put there to use them or defend against an enemy. The
party that attempted mischief at Castine could have succeeded and opened
fire upon us in a half hour. Let the government either man the fort or
Jackman came to Boston this morning to consult with the State authorities.
dispatch of Secretary Seward was laid before the Board of Aldermen of
Providence yesterday afternoon, when it was decided that under the
circumstances it would be unwise and inexpedient to permit any torchlight
procession, and authorized the Mayor to take the proper steps to prevent any
demonstrations of that character.
evening Detroit was in a state of excitement, caused by the reception of
information of a rebel raid upon that city during the night. The people
flocked into the streets by thousands. The steam fire engines were all out
to guard against fires. Word was sent to all the churches, and the different
congregation dispersed. Col. Hill, the Military Commandant, at once ordered
out three companies from the barracks and one from Fort Dearborn. Soldiers
patrolled the streets, and all the depots and public buildings were strongly
guarded. A dispatch says:
day long the secesh at Windsor have been jubilant as if they had received
important information. A suspicious circumstance in connection with the
affair is the fact that an unusual number of men have been coming over on
the ferry boats from Windsor since morning, and but few have been seen to
return. It is supposed that there are now over 200 of these suspicious
characters in the city.”
dispatch from R. J. Kimball, United States Consular agent at Toronto, states
that on Saturday evening one hundred men left that city with arms,
ammunition and combustibles, for a raid on Detroit or Buffalo.
Detroit dispatch, dated Monday, says:
raid excitement here is dying away. Still the city is patrolled by the
military, and Parrott guns with caissons and horses are in the streets,
ready for use at a moment’s notice.
the Board of Trade passed resolutions recommending a tug to patrol the river
to guard our eight miles of shore line. The tug Sciota has been detailed for this service. All the necessary
arrangements for a permanent defence have been made, both at Dearborn and
here. At the former place there are 60,000 stand of arms.
authorities have arrested six or eight suspicious characters, and are in
pursuit of more. At 1 o’clock this morning about 75 men registered their
names at the different hotels, without baggage, and were required to pay
their bills in advance. It is estimated that there are 300 strangers in the
city. They are being closely watched.
has been received from Gen. Hooker that we are to have a garrison of 1500
men here during the winter, to prevent the possibility of damage from
Canadian desperadoes and traitors.”
accounts indicate that the burning of Buffalo was the object of the raiders,
and that they failed there.
THE VERMONT PHŒNIX
Our Elections Abroad.
Important Letter from Robert
R. J. Walker has written an able letter from London on the subject of
the approaching Presidential election, in course of which he says:
is the boast of the Confederate leaders in Europe, since the adoption of
the platform at Chicago, that, upon the election of their candidates,
without waiting four months for the inauguration in March next, Napoleon
will at once recognize
the Confederate government. Indeed, I do not doubt, from the
circumstantial evidence (although I do not know the fact), that there is
already a secret understanding between Jefferson Davis and Napoleon the
Third to recognize the independence of the South upon the election of
the Chicago candidates. Why wait four months, until the 4th of March
next, when the American people, by indorsing the Chicago platform, shall
have declared for peace, with the additional announcement in that
platform, that the war for the suppression of the rebellion has failed?
will be no recognition of the independence of the South by France or
England, or any other Power, if Abraham Lincoln should be reelected in
November next. The American people will then have loudly proclaimed,
through the ballot box, that they can and will subdue the rebellion by
force of arms; and that they will continue to negotiate from the mouths
of our cannon, until the Southern armies shall have been dispersed and
vanquished. Upon the news of the reelection of Mr. Lincoln reaching
Europe, the Confederate stock, now waiting the success of the Chicago
candidates, will fall, like Lucifer, to rise no more. American
securities, including those of the Federal and loyal State Governments,
of railroads, and other companies with real capital, will all be
immensely appreciated. The difference in favor of our country, including
the rise in greenbacks, would be equivalent in a few months to hundreds
of millions of dollars. Nor is it only our stocks that will rise at home
and abroad, but the national character will he immensely exalted.”
Pennington, the Secretary of the United States Legation at Paris, has
just returned home from that city. He reports to the government (the New
York Herald says,) that the Emperor of France takes a deep interest in
our Presidential contest, and watches it especially in the endeavor to
find in the result the true expression of the American people, and the
real sentiments of the country upon the questions of union or disunion,
war or peace. The Emperor, it is said, will regard the re-election of
Mr. Lincoln as the determined and unqualified declaration of the
American people in favor of the Union at every hazard and through all
the possibilities of war. He will regard that result as a confirmation,
directly from the people, of all the statements that our government has
made to European Powers to that effect. On the other hand, it is said
that he will regard the election of Gen. McClellan as an expression of
readiness on the part of the people to make terms with the Southern
States; to make a peace even that will admit the independence of those
States. In short, that he will find in the election of Gen. McClellan,
and in the temper that he will suppose it indicates, that very
opportunity which England and France waited for–the opportunity for
intervention in favor of the South.
Slavery Issue Stated.—Andy Johnson, our next Vice
President, in a speech at Louisville on the 13th, thus discussed the
slavery issue as it is viewed by a loyal Southerner:
great issue in the last result is, Shall the institution of slavery
control the Government of the United States, or shall the Government
control it? Shall the Government control its institutions, or shall they
control it? The disturbing and distracting question of slavery should
have been definitely settled in 1820, but it was patched up then, and
patched up in 1850, and in 1861 the Southern leaders would have no
compromise about it, and designedly took a position which resulted in
the defeat of the Crittenden compromise and the nullity of the Corwin
amendment. All the talk of them and their Northern coadjutors, then and
since, about compromise, has been sheer hypocrisy, a mere pretense to
delude the people.
say, let the Government go on, and slavery get along the best it can.
Give me my country, and, if need be, let all else go. If slavery gets in
the way, it must get out and go down. Let "niggers" go, if
they get in the way of putting down treason. Before the rebellion, I was
for sustaining the Government with slavery; now I am for sustaining the
Government without slavery, without regard to a particular institution.
Institutions must be subordinate, and the Government must be supreme.
is no longer a local, but an itinerant institution, going around just
where it pleases. Slavery is demoralized and the slaves are becoming
practically free. It is fast settling itself. Practical emancipation is
the order of the day throughout Tennessee and Kentucky. As soon as law
and order is restored and these States get out of the transition from
slavery to freedom, black labor will be much more profitable to them
than ever before. I pay my former slaves every week, and they work far
better than they used to. Slavery is a slow, tardy, inactive, inert and
wasteful system of labor, Black labor emancipated in all the Southern
States, will eventually prove more profitable than it ever was while
enslaved. These broad acres have been worked long enough by a few lords
and great gangs of slaves.
when freed, have got to work–must work; those who won't work will be
subject to vagrant laws or an apprentice system, till they are educated
to the idea that freedom for anybody of color simply means liberty to
work, and to enjoy the productions of his labor. Let the Negro have a
fair chance and an equal start in the race of life. The talk about Negro
equality is all humbug. I have seen more of it in the South than I have
in the North. If the Negro, as a free man, can compete with the white,
he has a right to compete with him; if, after a fair test, he can't, he
must give way to the white. In my opinion, freedom will not make Negroes
any worse, and will result in their advancement. I am for an aristocracy
of labor, of intelligent, stimulating, virtuous labor; of talent, of
intellect, of merit; for the elevation of each and every man, white and
black, according to his talent and industry.”
NOVEMBER 5, 1864
THE MYSTIC PIONEER
The Fraud on Soldiers’ Votes.
of the most outrageous acts upon the rights of soldiers has been brought
to light, having been perpetrated through copperhead agents to influence
the result of the coming election in the state of New York. Thousands of
ballots have been forged and sent on to the proper authorities in the
original envelopes submitted by the soldiers. The authorities at
Washington have suspected for some time something of the kind, and by
adroit management contrived to secure one box containing many thousand
of these fraudulent votes. The New York state agent at Washington, E.
Donahue, has been arrested and made a clean confession, in which many
persons of high standing are implicated. The affair is now undergoing a
most thorough investigation, and it is hoped that the perpetrators will
meet with their just deserts. This crime will open the eyes of loyal men
to the true character of these northern abettors of the rebels, and
incites stronger efforts to suppress them. The worst passions of men are
at work to bring defeat to the Union cause. These men know that they
have lost all confidence in the public, and nothing is too low for them
to perform. Their mischief takes every form and shape, and to meet and
thwart it requires every lover of the Union to be vigilant and watchful.
there will be an additional star in the field of blue on our
glorious national banner. Another State is added to the galaxy of the
Union. President Lincoln has issued his proclamation declaring that the
people of Nevada having adopted a constitution and complied with the
conditions of the act of the last session of Congress passed for the
purpose of enabling that hitherto Territory to become a State, she is
admitted into the Union on a footing of equality with the other States.
Stanley advocated non-intervention in American affairs before his
constituents in Lynn, England. He say that if the Union troops overrun
the whole rebel territory then only will “political troubles” begin
in the United States.
finds it difficult to man her navy fully, and the attraction of seamen
to the American naval service is cited as a leading cause.
and heaviness continued to prevail in commercial circles in England.
Several failures had occurred in Manchester, including the house of
Barrett & Wilson, calico printers.
was a dull and declining market for American securities in London.
United States five-twenties show a decline of one and a half percent on
the week. Erie and Illinois Central Railroad shares gave ay one dollar.
liabilities involved in the failures in Rio Janeiro and other towns in
Brazil foot up eleven millions of pounds sterling.
was still delayed between the Germans and Denmark by the consideration
of some minor question.
journals urge the Spanish government to retain possession of the Chincha
Islands as a pledge that Peru will afford satisfaction to Spain.
United States steamer Monitor,
from Hokadadi, ran into a bay east of Nagasaki in stress of weather for
fuel. While there she was suddenly fired on by a native battery and
infantry-men stationed behind some screens on the shore. Twenty-four
musket balls hit the vessel’s side, but no person was injured. The Monitor
ran out of range southward, when she was fired upon by another battery.
then opened from her Parrott guns and shelled the first battery and an
adjacent village, setting both on fire. She also burned several port
bulkheads, planks and some bales of hemp. The bay is said to be in the
territory of Nagato. It was thought that the rich port of Osaka would
soon be opened to foreign trade by the Daimyos, acting in opposition to
in Belize, British Honduras, give the particulars of a most severe flood
in that province in the middle of September. Continuous heavy rains for
three days caused the Belize river to overflow its banks and sweep over
all the adjacent country to an unprecedented height, causing immense
damage to the mahogany, cotton, sugar, gum and plantain crops. The
shipping in the harbor of Belize also suffered severely. The first of a
new line of steamers from Liverpool had arrived. Though the weather was
very hot in Belize and vicinity in the early part of October, the health
of the place was excellent owing to the continuous high winds.
English government refused to permit the United States steamer Sacramento
to coal–the legal time not having elapsed since she was last supplied.
More stringent regulations had been published relative to furnishing
coal to belligerent American war vessels in British ports.
Solicitor General of England, in a speech to his constituents, alluded
to the efforts made by the government to preserve neutrality in respect
to the American war, and to enforce the Foreign Enlistment act. For
these efforts he claimed the approval of his hearers. He spoke strongly
in favor of non-intervention.
schooner Yorktown, from
Cleveland, Ohio, had arrived in England, after being chased by a
privateer off Newfoundland.
affairs were still very gloomy in London, Liverpool and Manchester. A
few fresh failures are reported. The prospect for the next few weeks was
regarded as discouraging, although the London money market was rather
improved in tone.
rebel relief bazaar in Liverpool netted about £19,000 in four days.
governments of Turkey and Spain are represented as being already
bankrupt–that of Turkey particularly. The money revulsion, it was
thought, would lead to many important political changes and terminate in
a general war, which would in its turn annihilate the insolvent
government and obliterate the smaller State royalties. It is said that
the present visit of the Czar of Russia to France, and his coming
interview with Napoleon had been undertaken with special reference to
such important eventualities, and that the helpless condition of the now
recently “sick man” of Turkey will be duly considered by that
was in a very critical position, both her home and foreign relations
being sadly complicated. It is said that forty revolutionary refugees
from the Tyrol had invaded the province of Udine, in Venetia. This band
advanced upon the town of Spilimbergo, surprised the barracks of the
gendarmes and disarmed the guard. They attempted to induce the
inhabitants to rise in insurrection, but they declined. The refugees
withdrew to the mountain passes. Troops were dispatched in pursuit.
new King of Greece had a difficulty with the Legislature in Athens, and
threatens the members with a coup d’etat if they do not “hurry up”
the work of forming a new constitution.
is Maori for a person of non-Maori descent, especially a white person.
was actually born in Boston, Mass’tts and died in Baltimore, where he
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