APRIL 14, 1861



Fort Sumter has fallen! Major Anderson and his comrades, after a gallant struggle of some forty hours' duration, in which he sustained a heavy and continuous fire from the batteries of the secessionists, that not only greatly damaged the fort, but also set on fire the wooden structures within it, struck his flag and surrendered to the revolutionists. It is stated positively however that none of the officers of the garrison were wounded; neither were any of the Carolinians killed. Five of the garrison of Fort Sumter were wounded. The fleet off the harbor took no part in the conflict. Major Anderson and his men were conveyed to Morris Island, and subsequently Major Anderson proceeded to Charleston, where he is the guest of General Beauregard.


Students of modern history will recollect that during the great wars in which the Christian Powers have been engaged in the last century, the commanders on either side have managed so as to remove the scene of practical operations either to the high seas or to some point remote from the centers of trade and industry. Making war now-a-days is an expensive operation, and some must be free to work in order to supply the material for those who fight. The war upon which we have just entered will be, in all probability, chiefly a naval combat, and in that point of view the North has the advantage in men, munitions and ships. The navy of the United States, such as it is, belongs to the North. The army and marine corps are, we presume, loyal to the federal government. The States will proceed immediately to arm and equip a very large volunteer force, no less than one hundred thousand men being needed for the defence of Washington. In the South there is no lack of fighting material. The army of the Confederate States is as well officered, but not so well equipped, as that of the federal government. The South has no navy worth mentioning, and must provide for one. Likewise, an army must be equipped for actual duty in the field--not guard mounting and lounging in garrison. The cost of all this will be enormous. To maintain our army and navy in time of peace requires a yearly expenditure of nearly twenty-five millions of dollars. To maintain two war fleets and two war armies will cost as much as two hundred million dollars. There is no poison without its antidote, so this very war, which is so deplorable and so entirely absurd and unnecessary, will enrich thousands of mechanics and traders who build and fit out ships or furnish army and navy supplies. All branches of trade which bear directly upon the specialty above referred to will be immensely stimulated, and, as a natural consequence, business of all kinds will be brisk. So long as the scene of military and naval operations is in the South, New York city will be a central point from which the troops and ships of the federal government will be fitted out and despatched.

 And as there is no danger that martial law will be proclaimed in the commercial metropolis, just at present the war in the South will be beneficial, pecuniarily, to the Empire City.


Now that war is fairly begun in South Carolina, Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet are alarmed about the danger of an assault upon Washington, as Mr. Walker, the Secretary of War at Montgomery, is reported to have said that the Southern confederacy would be in possession of the Capitol before the 1st of May, and as President Davis has called for twenty-five thousand men, whose destination is supposed to be Washington. The requisition for troops made by Mr. Lincoln on the Governor of Pennsylvania shows his fears have been roused.

As yet there has been but little damage done at Charleston, almost as little loss of life as in a battle in Mexico or Peru. But before the war is ended many lives will be sacrificed, and blood will flow as copiously as it did in the civil wars in England. The bloody scene will be chiefly in and around Washington. That will be the debatable ground, for possession of the seat of government; and while President Davis will send an army to drive President Lincoln out of it, the latter will call upon the North for help. Virginia will probably secede immediately, without waiting to go through forms, and will unite her arms with those of the Confederate States. Other border slave states will probably mingle in the strife on the same side. Lincoln, in distress, will summon to his aid the militia of Ohio, New York, Illinois, and other republican States of the Northwest, as he has already called on the State troops of Pennsylvania.

The fighting, therefore, will be of the most terrible description--close, and hand to hand, with rifle and musket and sword and bayonet; not with cannon, at long range, by which "nobody is hurt." Both armies will be of the same race, will have equal pluck, and contend not only with their ordinary fierceness, but with the additional fury which consanguinity ever lends to the battles of brothers.


The leading merchants, traders, and professional men of the city of New York intend to hold a private preliminary meeting tomorrow, preparatory to  a grand mass meeting, to be held in the Park some day during this week, to declare in favor of peace and against civil war and coercion. This will probably be one of the greatest meetings ever held in this city, and its effect on the government at Washington and the government at Montgomery is expected to be very decided.


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APRIL 15, 1861



CHARLESTON, April 13--Hostilities have for the present ceased and victory belongs to South Carolina. With the display of a flag of truce from the ramparts of Fort Sumter at half-past one o'clock the firing ceased, and an unconditional surrender was made. The South Carolinians had no idea that the fight would end so soon. After Major Anderson's flag staff was shot away, Col. Wigfall, one of Gen. Beauregard's aids, went to Fort Sumter with a  white flag to offer assistance in extinguishing the flames. He approached the burning fortress from Morris Island, while the firing was raging on all sides, and effected a landing at Fort Sumter. He approached  a port hole and was met by Major Anderson. The latter said he had displayed a white flag, but the firing from the South Carolina batteries was kept up nevertheless. Col. Wigfall replied that Major Anderson must haul down the American flag; that no parley would be granted and that "surrender or fight" was the word.

The American Flag Hauled Down

Major Anderson then hauled down the American flag and displayed only a flag of truce. All firing instantly ceased.

Two other officers of Gen. Beauregard's staff, with ex-Senator Chesnut and ex-Governor Manning, came over in a boat and stipulated with Major Anderson that his surrender should be unconditional for the present, subject to the terms of Gen. Beauregard. Major Anderson was allowed to remain with his men in actual possession of the fort, while Messrs. Chesnut and Manning came over to the city, accompanied with a member of the Palmetto Guards bearing the colors of his company. They were met by hundreds of citizens, and as they marched up the streets to the General's quarters, the crowd was swelled to thousands. Shouts rent the air and the wildest joy was manifested.

Why Maj. Anderson Surrendered

The writer of this accompanied the officers of Gen. Beauregard on a visit to Fort Sumter. . . They went down in a steamer with carried three fire engines for the purpose of extinguishing the flames. The fire had however been previously extinguished by the exertions of Anderson and his men. The visitors reported that Major Anderson surrendered because his quarters and barracks were destroyed and he had no hope of reinforcements.

The fleet laid idly by during thirty-six hours and either could not or would not help him. Besides his own men were prostrated from over exertion. There were but five hurt, four badly, and one thought mortally, but the rest were worn out.


It is necessary for our readers to bear in mind as they read the exciting intelligence we have from Charleston, that all our news cones from one side, and that teh side opposed o the government. There are no witnesses of the conflict except the beleaguered garrison, who can make no reports; and the assailants who will report only what they choose. Besides which the telegraph is under close surveillance, and is not open to any news which it is not thought for the interest of secession to have transmitted.


Governor Sprague of Rhode Island, with a true sense of what is due to his duty as a patriotic citizen and to his official oath, tenders the aid of that State for the support of his government. Gov. Sprague is not a republican, but he has made the most emphatic endorsements of our opponents to his entire nationality. He forgets party, however, . . . and hastens to place his noble little State in the front rank of defence, with her more powerful sister Pennsylvania. Republican defeat in Rhode Island can be forgotten when the State shows such a gallant spirit as this:

[From the Providence Evening Press, April 13]

Rhode Island Prompt and True! Gov. Sprague this morning telegraphed to the President, offering for the defence of the national capital the Providence Marine Artillery, and one thousand infantry, commanded by the Governor in person. Rhode Island and her Governor are worthy of each other, and of the principles which they are prompt to support, in the field as well as in the counsel.


The President received a letter on Thursday from St. Louis directed to "Old Abe or any other man." On one side was the confederacy flag, on the other the seal and flag of the United States, with the words "played out." Inside was a five dollar note on the Union Bank of South Carolina, "to help pay the expenses of reinforcing Fort Sumter." This letter caused much merriment at the White House.




JEWETT & CO., 39 Sumner Street.

APRIL 16, 1861



Dover, N.H., April 15--A large and enthusiastic meeting of our citizens was held at the City Hall this evening. Eloquent addresses were made by Senator Hale, Hon. Joseph H. Smith, and others. The feeling, without regard to political parties, is that the Government should be fully sustained.

Lawrence, Mass., April 15--It would be impossible to give even a faint idea of the excited state of the public mind here. A public meeting held at the City Hall this evening, was attended by not less than 3000 citizens, and the greatest enthusiasm was manifested. Our two military companies are both at their armories, making final preparations to respond with full ranks to the order of their commander tomorrow morning. Wherever in the company a vacant uniform is found, quite a spirited contest ensues to fill the vacancy, and even premiums have been offered for places already filled. There is but one voice here, and that is for the enforcement of the laws at all hazards, and an entire willingness to lend full aid either in men or means.

Providence, R.I., April 15--The Directors of the Bank of Commerce have informed Governor Sprague that they are ready to advance a loan of $30,000 to the State for aiding in the outfit of troops. Large offers from private citizens have also been made to Gov. Sprague for a similar purpose. The Globe Bank this morning tendered to the State a loan of $50,000. The stars and stripes float from the Custom House and from the municipal flag-staff. The Seniors of Brown University will raise the American flag on the College this afternoon.

Utica, N.Y., April 15--Two companies of volunteers have been formed in this place and one in an adjoining village. The Citizens' corps have voted to offer their services to the government. The Emmet Guard also hold themselves in readiness.

Taunton, Mass., April 15--The Stars and Stripes were displayed from the Gazette office today, and the feeling among our citizens in favor of the efficient support of the government is universal.

Pittsburgh, Penn., April 14--The war news created an intense excitement here. Business is almost suspended. Several companies have volunteered to sustain the integrity of the Union. An immense meeting was held in the City Hall tonight, without regard to party. Resolutions of the strongest character were adopted. The meeting adjourned with three cheers for the Union, the Constitution and the enforcement of the laws.

Baltimore, April 15--The Union feeling is strong this morning. The Minute men organization, twenty-five hundred strong, who have been drilling since election as a military organization, threw out the stars and stripes this morning from their headquarters with the motto, "The Union and the Constitution!"


Boston Museum--The reengagement of Mr. Charles Dillon was hailed with pleasure by the numerous friends of this original and accomplished actor. The Museum was well filled last evening at the presentation of "Belphegor, the Mountebank," a drama which Mr. Dillon's characteristic acting makes doubly attractive. This engagement is limited to two weeks, and, as we hope to see other plays brought out in which Mr. Dillon excels, an early opportunity should be taken to witness "Belphegor."

Fear of Seizure--There are several vessels now in the harbor loaded with ice and other merchandise, bound to Southern ports, and some of them are ready to sail, but their masters hesitate to start fearing that they will be liable to seizure by the Confederate States. It is probable that their voyages will be abandoned.

Military Election--At a meeting of the Fourth Battalion of Rifles, held last evening, Brigadier-General Bullock presiding, Captain Samuel Leonard, of Co. A, was elected Major. Captain Leonard thanked the officers for the compliment extended to him, and announced that under the present state of things, he should waive the time allowed by law, and should accept the office at once. The officers present were all in full uniform, and much spirit was manifested.

Military Drill--Last evening the Fifth Regiment of Infantry, Col. Samuel Lawrence, went through a battalion drill in Fitchburg Hall. . . Each company turned out about twenty men, and went through the drill in a highly satisfactory manner, in the presence of a large number of spectators.

Jackson Club--The Jackson Club held a meeting last evening, Jonathan Nason in the chair. Strong union speeches in support of the administration were made by the chairman, Perkins Cleveland, J. W. Mahan and others. A series of Union resolves were offered, and referred to a special committee of three, who will report upon them at an adjourned meeting.

Storebreaking--The grocery store of Wm. H. Maloney, Main street, Charlestown, was robbed of a small amount  of property on Sunday night. Arrests of suspected parties have been made.

A Class Cradle--It has been a custom of long standing at Harvard College that each class should make an appropriation before graduating for a cradle, to be presented to the first child born to any member of the class. Mr. Hixon has just finished a handsome piece of furniture for the Class of Fifty-eight, which will be on exhibition for a week at his store on Washington street. The successful claimant is an infant son of Thatcher Magoun, Jr., of Medford.

APRIL 17, 1861



[From the Baltimore Patriot, April 15]

All party and political distinctions must be effaced. All such petty matters fade out before the great question as twinkling stars fade out before the rising sun. There can be but two sets of men among us--those who are for the Union, and those who are against it. We shall now learn who are the government of the United States and who are for the government of the "Confederate States"--who are for the maintenance of that Union which Washington founded, defended and left as a sacred legacy to his countrymen; and we shall know who are for breaking it up, and succumbing to the tyranny of a political party in armed rebellion against the laws of the land.

[From The Bath Times]

The day has gone by when the name of a political party should have any charm. No longer should paltry party issues have a moment's weight. Our national edifice is on fire--set on fire by base incendiaries--and it is no time to quibble about the peculiar quality of the combustible materials which have been used in kindling the flames. Mightier questions claim our attention. We should know only our country--its rights and its dangers; our flag and the principles of which it stands as the glorious emblem. Disregarding all party affiliations, all past issues, all questions of who has done most right or who has committed most wrong, we point to the present position of President Lincoln, at the present critical juncture, and we do it with a swelling heart, and from the depths of that heart thank him, for the firmness with which he proposes to vindicate his country's integrity and honor. God grant him wisdom and all needful aid. The prayers of all good people be with him; and pained be the hand and motionless the tongue that shall attempt to embarrass his efforts so long as he shall firmly, and with discretion and prudence, continue to uphold the honor of our flag.

[From The Montreal Gazette]

The death blow to slavery on this continent was struck at Charlestown, South Carolina, at daybreak on Friday, by its own most devoted advocates and friends. The rebel secessionists have finally mustered courage to open their stolen Batteries upon Fort Sumter. Thus this main city of the Palmetto State will ever be memorable in the history of the once United States of America. It was here that the old democratic party, that has so long ruled the republic, was wrecked, and parted forever. It was here that the present disunion movement was first inaugurated. It is here that we now hear the first tocsin sounded of an intestine war, that is likely to prove most fearfully destructive in its effects, but eventually most beneficial to the human family.


Affairs were comparatively quiet at the military and naval stations Monday. On Governor's Island the new Commandant began his initiatory work, reviewed the garrison, inspected its quarters, overhauled the armaments, and made himself familiar with everything on the island. Fort Columbus, Castle William, and the South side battery are in a most efficient state for the chances of war. The soldiers lounge leisurely about when not employed in cleaning muskets, mending uniforms and other clothes, arranging knapsacks, polishing belts, or doing the active part of inactive military life.

At the Navy Yard there was no lack of vigor in preparing the men-of-war. Steam was applied to the Wabash, and her engines are found to work admirably. Another trial or two will be made before the Chief Engineer considers them properly proved. The other departments of the vessel are rapidly going ahead. The masts are alongside, about to be hoisted in. The battery is in active preparation, and the hull is nearly complete. The Savannah will not be long in dock, if work continues on her as it does at present. Caulkers, carpenters and laborers in crowds swarm around her, and there is an impression that she will be ready for sea in less than three weeks. There is little more to be done on the Perry. Beautifying her will soon be complete. Her battery, rigging, woodwork, and all are in perfect trim. The force of workmen employed in the yard cannot be much less than 900 and the monthly disbursements probably average $40,000. Commodore Breese is now in full command. Commodore Stringham, the newly appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet, arrived on Saturday night, having been to Boston to direct the preliminary preparations of his flag-ship, the Minnesota. Commodore Stringham lives with his family, in Brooklyn, and will make that city his headquarters until the ship mentioned is quite ready for commission.


The Steamer South Carolina--The steamer South Carolina arrived here yesterday from Norfolk, having given up the voyage to Charleston. Her passengers were left at Norfolk. The steamer will join her sister Massachusetts in the dock until business offers to some peaceful port again.

Fire in Chelsea--A tenement house on a place leading from Mathew street, Chelsea, was burned on Monday night. The fire communicated with another block of six houses, one of which was burned out and the others drenched with water and otherwise injured by efforts to arrest the flames. Twenty-two families were rendered temporarily homeless. The loss us about $3000, and is probably covered by insurance.

APRIL 18, 1861



The two regiments of Massachusetts Troops called for by the president for the defence of Washington will be sent immediately. Each regiment will be composed of ten companies, with colonel, lieutenant colonel and major, and each company will have a captain, lieutenant, ensign and sixty-four privates. Senator Wilson having informed the Secretary of War that the Massachusetts troops were ready for service, Gov. Andrew has been notified to send forward the twenty companies, by companies, as soon as possible, to be mustered in at Washington--the regimental officers to follow and consolidate their commands there. The state authorities are engaged in preparing the outfits for the troops. There are overcoats, caps, knapsacks, &c., for 2000 men, recently manufactured. The State has 3500 of the new army rifles, and 2000 more will soon be received from the Springfield Armory. It has plenty of brass field pieces, and four rifled cannon are now being manufactured for the state. There is an abundance of powder, balls, &c.

There is not even a pretence that the Federal Government has done with undoubting reliance on the omnipotence of Justice, and emerge at length, however tried and tested, unwavering in its loyalty to Freedom and the Rights of Man!


How remarkable it is that throughout all the slave States, profound quietness prevails among the negro population. The whites in many places are highly excited, forming military organizations and otherwise engaged in all the "pomp and circumstance" of war; but the blacks ply their hoes as faithfully as ever, in apparent peace and contentment. Nowhere from all that broad domain, comes even a lisp of trouble among these patient, submissive creatures. This to the Abolitionist must be very strange, and very disheartening. For it had been predicted that the slaves would seize upon the first favoring circumstance to rise in bloody revolt; and as if to give the semblance of truth to these evil surmisings, the leading Republican sheet of this city (which is gaining a wide notoriety for its suppositious correspondence,) published letters ostensibly from slave States, filled with alarming accounts of insurrections, but which proved to be without foundation in fact. Thus it appears that, so far as reliance was placed upon demonstrations of rebellion as evidence of the heinousness of the slave system, the anti-slavery men of the North are thus far utterly confounded in their calculations. Even direct instigation by such men as John Brown, the martyr of Harper's Ferry, availed nothing for their cause. Perhaps at some future day they may come to the conclusion that their crusade against the institutions of the South--and the Union, too, it has proved--has not been prompted by a "zeal according to knowledge."

The Bangor Union says:

"We now have had uninterrupted sleighing since the 26th of November, a period of 126 days. It is still good in the country, and by no means entirely gone in this city. Central street still boasts of a good three feet of ice and snow. Other streets,  however, more exposed to the sun, are quite bare, and wheels are used nearly as much as runners."


There remains now not one foot of unorganized Territory in the Republic. The organization during the last session of Congress, of the three new Territories, to wit: Colorado, Nevada and Dacotah, has wiped out all the unorganized territory. These overspread the entire Territorial realm. The whole number of Territories in the United States is seven.


A young Miss having been invited to a Military ball inquired with great simplicity, if all the ladies were expected to bare arms?


The Jackson Club, of Boston, held a meeting on Monday evening, for the purpose of discussion of the state of the country. A number of gentlemen expressed their views, and among them, Sergeant O'Neil. We give his remarks, as reported for the Post:

Sergeant O'Neil was received with great applause. He was a friend of the South, and would not hesitate to say that he sympathized with the South. And he would fight for the South were it not for one thing--that he was to fight against the flag which he had sworn to live and die for, and which he would say, without egotism, he had carried through fire and smoke. The present controversy was forced upon the South by the present Administration. The South was not so much to blame as many would have us to believe. There would be no civil war in America, and the Republican Party would not be in the ascendant had not the Representatives of the South withdrawn from Congress. Another error which the South committed was the firing of the first gun. They should have waited till doomsday, and let the Republican President fire the first gun, and then the speaker would have been still more in sympathy with the South. Another error was the ignoring by the South of the Democratic party at the North. He had not a very high opinion of Massachusetts when she shows such alacrity in the present war. When the war with Mexico broke out, and the wrongs committed by a foreign power were to be redressed, Massachusetts wished the soldiers bloody graves, but now is willing to send her sons to fight their brethren in the South who stood by them in the Revolution. But as strong a friend as he was to the South, the flag of the country was his flag, and it should never be trailed in the dust where he was. The speaker closed with the hope that the war would be one of short duration.


The North British Review has the following sensible remarks on this subject--"It cannot be too strongly insisted upon, that in education, the process of self-development should be encouraged to the greatest extent possible. Children should be led to make their own inferences. They should be told as little as possible, and induced to discover as much as possible. They should be in the way of solving their own questions. To tell a child this, and to show it that, is not to teach it how to observe, but to make it a mere recipient of another's observations; a proceeding which tends to weaken, rather than strengthen its powers of self-instruction; which deprives it of the pleasures that result from successful study; which prevents this all-attractive knowledge under the aspect of formal tuition; which generates that indifference and even disgust with which its lessons are not infrequently regarded. On the other hand, to pursue the natural course, is simply to guide the intellect to its appropriate food; to join with the intellectual appetites their natural adjuncts; to induce by the union of all these an intensity of attention which insures perceptions alike vivid and complete; and to habituate the mind from the very beginning to that practice of self-help that must ultimately follow."



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APRIL 19, 1861



The capture of Fort Sumter by the Southern traitors has electrified the entire North, obliterated all party distinctions, and brought to the support of the Government men and money to any extent required by the dread emergency. The Confederate States are equally determined and active, and the most sanguinary conflicts may be expected. Probably, in a few days, a bloody assault will be made upon the Capitol at Washington, whither troops are hurrying in from all directions for its protection--Massachusetts volunteers being numerously represented in response to a call upon Gov. Andrew by President Lincoln. Boston has presented a very martial aspect.


Gentlemen--As a Committee of the Virginia Convention, now in session, you present me a preamble and resolution, as follows:

"Whereas, in the opinion of this Convention, the uncertainty which prevails in the public mind as to the policy which the Federal Executive intends to pursue towards the seceded States, is extremely injurious to the industrial and commercial interests of the country, tends to keep up an excitement which is unfavorable to the adjustment of the pending difficulties, and threatens a disturbance of  the public peace--therefore,

"Resolved, That a Committee of three delegates be appointed to wait on the President of the United States, to communicate to this Convention the policy which the Federal Executive intends to pursue in regard to the Confederate States."

I answer, I have to say that having at the beginning of my official term expressed my intended policy as plainly as I was able, it is with deep regret and mortification I now learn there is great and injurious uncertainty in the public mind as to what that policy is, and what course I intend to pursue.

Not having as yet occasion to change, it is my purpose to pursue the course marked out in the inaugural address. I commend a careful consideration of the whole document as the best expression I can give to my purposes. As I then and therein said, I now repeat, the power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy and possess property and places belonging to the Government, and to collect the duties and imports, but beyond what is necessary for these objects there will be no invasion, no using of force against or among the people anywhere.

By the words, property and places belonging to the Government, I chiefly allude to the military posts and property which were in possession of the Government when it came into my hands, but if, as now appears to be true, in pursuit of a purpose to drive the U.S. authorities from their places, an unprovoked assault has been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall hold myself at liberty to repossess it, and, if I can, like places which have been seized before the Government was devolved upon me, and in any event I shall to the best of my ability repel force with force.

In case it proves true that Fort Sumter has been assaulted, as is reported, I shall perhaps cause the U.S. mails to be withdrawn from all the States which claim to have seceded, believing that actual war against the government justifies and possibly demands it.

I scarcely need say that I consider the military posts and property situated within the States which claim to have seceded, as yet belonging to the U.S. Government, as much as before the supposed secession. Whatever else I may do for the purpose, I shall not attempt to collect the duties and revenues by any armed invasion of any part of the country; not meaning by this, however, that I may not land a force deemed necessary to relieve a Fort upon the border of the country. From the fact that I have quoted a part of the inaugural address, it must not be inferred that I repudiate any other part--the whole of which I reaffirm, except so far as what I now say of the mails may be regarded as a modification.


The Eleventh National Woman's Rights Convention will be held in Cooper's Institute, New York, Thursday, May 9th, morning and afternoon, at 10 and half-past 7 o'clock. Admission to morning session free--evening session 25 cents. Wendell Phillips, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Ernestine L. Rose, Rev. Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Aaron M. Powell and others will address this Convention.

If, in the language of Emerson, "men are what their mothers made them," the vigor and virtue of a nation must depend on the character of its women.

If we would build up a free Republic, on a firm, enduring foundation, we must have a higher, nobler type of womanhood than advancing civilization has yet produced.

If we would have a wise and just government, that shall stand the test of ages, we must secure equal political power to the women of the nation.

We invite all those who are interested in the education and elevation of Woman, to aid us with their presence and their counsels.

In behalf of the National Woman's Rights Committee,

R. CADY STANTON, President
Susan B. Anthony, Secretary


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 APRIL 20, 1861



Baltimore, April 19--There is a terrible scene here. The Baltimore track is torn up. The troops attempted to march through, but were attacked by a mob with bricks and stones, and fired upon. They returned the fire.

The troops bore a white flag as they marched up Pratt street, but were greeted with showers of paving-stones. The Mayor went ahead with the police. There was an immense crowd, and the streets were blocked. The soldiers finally turned and fired on the mob.

At the Washington depot an immense crowd assembled. The rioters attacked the troops at the depot. Several of the latter were wounded, some fatally.

Martial law has been proclaimed, and the military are rushing to their armories. Parties threaten to destroy Pratt street bridge.

The stores are closing. The military are rapidly forming.

Afternoon--A town meeting was called at 4 o'clock. It is said that 12 lives were lost and several mortally wounded. Parties were roaming the streets, armed with guns and pistols. Stores closed and business suspended. Everybody in a state of dread. A party of the mob rushed into the telegraph office and cut the wires with a hatchet, but they have since been repaired.

R. W. Davis, of this city, was shot dead near the Camden Station.

It is reported that the Philadelphians are now at the outer depot. The President of the road ordered the train back, at the urgent request of the Mayor and Governor. They are already off.

John McCann, P. Griffin, and G. Needham, three citizens, are mortally wounded.

The Killed and Wounded

As far as ascertained, only two Massachusetts soldiers were killed. They belonged to Company C (probably Washington Light Infantry of Boston). Their bodies are now at the police station. At the same station are the following wounded: Sergeant Ames, of the Lowell City Guards, wounded on the head slightly; private Coburn, of the same place, shot in the head, not seriously; private Michael Green, of Lawrence, wounded on the head with stones; H. W. Danforth, company C, 6th regiment (Lowell Mechanic Phalanx) slightly wounded.

As far as known seven citizens were killed, including Mr. Davis (before mentioned) and James Clark. A half-dozen or so are seriously wounded, but believed not fatally.

Comparative quiet now prevails. The military are under arms. The police are out in full force.

The mass meeting was very large. It was addressed by the Mayor.  The Governor was present.


Jeff. Davis Marching on the Capital!

The Evening Post learns from a reliable source that Jeff. Davis, at the head of the Confederate army, is within 24 hours march of Washington.

Fort Pickens Secure

A dispatch from Wilmington, Delaware, to the Tribune, states that a merchant captain direct from Pensacola gives information that Fort Pickens now contains 800 men, and seven vessels lying outside. A large number of Southern troops arrived on Saturday. There are still many Union men in Florida.


Saco, Me., April 19--The people in both Saco and Biddeford have had flag raisings today, and the booming of cannon and unbounded enthusiasm. In the evening, and immense crowd gathered about the Biddeford Herald, and demanded a disunion flag, which was flying from the building in the morning. It was given up and torn into shreds. The office was then compelled to display the stars and stripes. The crowd then marched to the Maine Democrat office, and called for the hoisting of the American flag, which was done. The crowd then dispersed with rousing cheers for our country and its flag.

Augusta, Ga., April 19--A Rhode Islander, an old citizen, is here organizing a company ready to march in ten days, at his own expense. It will consist of 80 men.

Erie, Pa., April 19--Over $7000 has been subscribed to the volunteer fund. Recruiting is rapidly going on. All the military companies here have volunteered. Fifteen persons were killed on the "Buchanan farm." No eastern names among them.

Pittsburgh, Pa., April 19--The war feeling is increasing. New companies are forming. Seventeen hundred volunteers from Ohio arrived this evening en route for Washington. Governor Dennison has telegraphed for them to remain here until further orders, in consequence of a rumored attack on Cincinnati by the secessionists.


To the editors of the Boston Daily Advertiser:
It appears that a young, energetic man, a resident of this place during the past year, has been engaged in perfecting a flying machine. He has kept it to himself as much as possible, but it appears that it has leaked out, and I have received information from very reliable sources, that a government officer is at present here trying to make arrangements with him to serve the government with the machine. I have seen a scientific man who saw Mr. Crowell, the Inventor, and held some conversation with him concerning the machine and he says that he can see nothing to prevent it travelling through the air with safety at the rate of 150 miles per hour. He thinks it would be of invaluable service in supplying forts with men and ammunition.

J.B.S., West Dennis, April 19.


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