APRIL 21, 1861



The people of New York city yesterday ratified, in public convention, the popular movement which has been universally made in defence of the Union and constitution of the United States. The tens of thousands who responded to the call of the leaders of the great conservative movement proved beyond all cavil that there is but one sentiment in New York. The united demonstration of the 20th of April will live forever in the world's history. Since the foundation of the republic by our patriot sires there has never been such a gathering of freemen, moved by one common impulse, as was seen in the Empire City yesterday. Comparisons with previous popular displays would not only be odious, they would be absurd. The spirit of the whole people was yesterday aroused. The danger which threatens the cause of order and good government appealed to every heart, and with a unanimity unsurpassed in the annals of any nation, the community rose up as one man to proclaim their verdict in favor of law against anarchy, of constitutional liberty against dastardly treason and rebellion.

The great mass meeting of yesterday was called by a number of the leading merchants of New York city, who appealed to their fellow citizens of New York and its vicinity, without regard to previous political opinions or associations, to meet to express their sentiments in the present crisis in our national affairs, and their determination to uphold the government of the country, and maintain the authority of its constitution and laws.

The call was signed by hundreds of our merchants, among whom will be found names as familiar as household words, every one of which is a pledge that they are ready to form a rampart of fire around the Union.


The Attack on Washington

The Washington Star of Friday afternoon says the military force there was increased two thousand yesterday afternoon. This was exclusive of the troops from Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts regiment.

The Star further says that an attack on Washington with such means as the assailants can have, would be simply the sure sacrifice of their lives.

There are about 5,000 men under arms in Washington and vicinity, and additional measures to guard the entrances of the city have been adopted, including the railroad terminus.

There is no violent excitement here, but a deep feeling of anxiety and painful suspense. There are whisperings among the military that martial law will soon be proclaimed.

About fifteen of the Massachusetts soldiers are in the hospital, doing well and in fine spirits.

The steamer Pawnee left last night with government troops on board.

The St. Nicolas, a steamer, plying between Washington and Baltimore, was seized this morning for prudential purposes.

Troops from Indiana

Indianapolis, April 19--One thousand men of the First Indiana regiment of infantry left her today. They go direct by the Pennsylvania Central Railroad to Philadelphia, where they take steamboat direct to Washington. They are armed and equipped by the State.


We hear that Mr. Tinelli, a lawyer of this city, proposes to raise a legion, composed chiefly of Italian, French, Spanish and Portuguese residents, and to organize it according to the modern tactics of Europe.

Mr. Tinelli held a distinguished position in the Sardinian army in 1841, since when he fought well in Spain and Italy, and had ample opportunities to acquire a good deal of experience in military affairs and organizations; besides that he is a man of strong nerve and a thorough republican. Men like him cannot fail to do good service in the present contingencies.


I send forward to your paper this day an advertisement for insertion. I am with the assistance of a few English friends, heroes of Balaklava, Inkerman and Alma and of the Indian mutiny, forming a regiment of British volunteers to aid in protecting the glorious Union. Will you, as a patriot and friend, give notice to this fact through the medium of your editorial columns, so that our ranks may swell with vigor.

S. W. Saunders


Colored men of this city who are willing to offer their services in defence of the government are invited to meet at the Metropolitan Assembly Rooms, 178 Prince street, on Monday evening, at half past seven o'clock.

Capt. J. Johnson


The members of a military company now being organized by Mr. Young for filling up a regiment, will meet at the corner of Thirteenth street and University place at one o'clock today. Citizens desirous of enrolling are cordially invited.

A meeting will be held at the Old Bowery Theater this afternoon at three o'clock for the purpose of organizing a regiment of Rangers, to be under the command of the Hon. James E. Kerrigan. There will no doubt be an imposing demonstration.


Soldiers and Volunteers
$3 shoes and Gaiters, suitable for marching, at Jones', 1 and 12 Ann street.

To Nervous Sufferers of Both Sexes
A retired gentleman, having been restored to health in a few days after many years of great nervous suffering, is willing to assist others by sending (free), on the receipt of a post paid directed envelope, a copy of the prescription used. Address John Dagnall, 186 Fulton street, Brooklyn



Owing to the great decline in our Southern wholesale trade, leaving us an immense surplus stock on hand, we have concluded to offer the whole

At either of our three stores.

APRIL 22, 1861



Mr. Jefferson Davis probably realizes by this time, that in threatening our commerce with reprisals and letters of marque he has made a fatal mistake in tactics. It has been seen for weeks that if affairs finally came to a direct issue, a close blockade of the southern ports would be necessary. One adviser, however, has questioned the executive power, another dreaded the effect upon commerce, and a third doubted how Europe might relish the interruption of trade with the South. It was a tangled and perplexing matter, and few saw the way to unravel it. But Mr. Davis has cut the knot in the most effectual way, has solved all doubts, and left but one course for the government to pursue. He has forced the government to undertake the blockade, not as a military step, but for the protection of private property; he has ensured the concurrence of all parties in the propriety of the measure; and has secured for it the unhesitating approval of all Europe. His threat has added to the zeal of Northern merchants for the defence of our flag, has discredited his own government with all civilized nations, and has enabled the United States to take the most effective step, and that most formidable to his scheme, that ahs yet been devised.

We do not think that the importance of the advantage which Mr. Davis in his folly has thus given to our government can be easily overestimated. The instant blockade of the South with the general approval of Christendom, is the most effective means by which this rebellion can be stayed. The shipment of arms and munitions from the North has come to an end. The trade of the Mississippi is now closely watched, and will probably be closed altogether in a few days. The forces mustering in the northern States will speedily secure us from all further offensive operations by the rebels. The coast alone needs to be guarded, to reduce the seceded States to a position where they will feel the full pressure of their mad undertaking, without being sustained by the intoxication of which has hitherto animated their struggles. Let their trade be cut off, their supplies stopped, their privateers shut up at home, their exports blocked in, and victory will inevitably crown the right.

This great step can now be taken, without fear of division among ourselves or of unfriendly criticism abroad. Those who were expected t oppose the measure now urge it as necessity which does not stop to inquire closely as to law. Foreign powers, which might have hesitated as they saw their commerce cut off, will approve the measure by which the same commerce has been saved from the piratical depredations of Mr. Davis's licensed rovers. By attacking Fort Sumter, Mr. Davis united the northern people; by threatening our commerce with piracy, he has justified us before the world in a measure which his States will feel as the most effective which can be taken in opposition to their asserted independence. It is plain that Mr. Davis is wielding his boomerang with zeal; but he has not yet learned to use it so as to not to have to deal its heaviest blow upon himself.


A leading merchant in Philadelphia largely engaged in the gun trade, received on Saturday an order from a large commercial firm in Charleston, ordering 200,000 percussion caps. The firm to whom the order was addressed at once endorsed upon the order these words: "Gentlemen, Your order is herewith returned. Our duty to our government will never permit us to furnish any military goods to your section." The order was then refolded, put in an envelope ornamented with a representation of the United States flag with the words "Death to Traitors!" printed underneath, and addressed to the parties in Charleston.


Philadelphia, April 21--It is reported that Mr. Trimble, formerly President of the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Railroad, was shot dead by one of the armed guards who was defending the property of the road on Saturday.

Passengers who left Baltimore last evening report the particulars of the burning of the bridges on the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore road. The train of Friday night went safely to the bridge at Canton, where a crowd lying in wait fired pistols at the engineer, who stopped the train. The crowd compelled the passengers to leave the cars, and taking possession of them forced the engineer to take them back to the Gunpowder river bridge. Here the train stopped. The crowd set fire to the draw of the bridge and remained until that portion was burnt. They then returned in the train to the Bush river bridge, after passing which they set the draw on fire. Next they went to the Canton bridge and burned that. The train then conveyed its passengers to Baltimore.

Gen. Cadwallader's mansion, which is reported to have been burned, cost $100,000, with gas works and splendid grounds.


Troy, N.Y.--General Wool leaves tomorrow morning for New York. He will make that city the headquarters of the Department of the East.

There has been considerable activity in the Watervliet Arsenal today.

Patriotic Movements at New York

New York--Archbishop Hughes, in common with a large number of other private citizens, has suspended the Stars and Stripes from the windows of his residence.

A large number of our most respectable citizens of foreign birth are volunteering in addition to the regular Irish and German Regiments.

The Emmet Guards of Worcester, Mass., were among the arrivals to-day.

The sons of our most wealthy merchants, lawyers, judges and divines, are enlisted in the ranks of the defenders of the Union.

Each regiment which left today numbered nearly a thousand.

Movements at Philadelphia

A party of armed men will leave tomorrow to repair bridges on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore road.

The vacant Girard House ahs been converted into a vast tailoring establishment for making uniforms for the troops. Hundreds of girls are employed on sewing machines.. 30,000 suits are to be made up.

The police have seized large quantities of contraband goods that were about being shipped South. The parties shipping them will be arraigned and tried for treason. Among the articles were 4 tons of sheet lead and pipe directed to Jackson, Mississippi, via Memphis, supposed for bullets.

This afternoon the police took charge of the steamer Virginia and a steamer on the Ericsson line and are now fitting them out as transports.

The police are vigilantly watching the wharves and this morning seized a case of arms destined for the South.

APRIL 23, 1861



In these times there is a daily accumulation of intelligence from all points, involving, of course, much that is vague and wanting confirmation.

Direct communication with Washington as well as Baltimore is still suspended, and the latest intelligence now coming from those points is sent forward by couriers to the first accessible telegraph stations. It is regarded as nearly certain that no attack has yet been made on the capital.

So far as appears, the chief point of rendezvous of Virginia troops yesterday was at Harper's Ferry, where 5000 are reported to have been present. It seems highly probable that this was the point of pre-arranged rendezvous before the destruction of the arsenal by the gallant act of Lieut. Jones.

A rumor was current yesterday that Fort McHenry was throwing shells into Baltimore. This came by telegraph from Chambersburg, Pa., and has not been confirmed by dispatches subsequently received; it may be true, nevertheless. Several accounts report that heavy firing was heard in the direction of Baltimore, and it is known that the fort had been threatened. McHenry is said to be less than two miles from the city.

A captain of a vessel arrived at New York reports that he saw the buildings of Gosport and Norfolk navy yard in flames. If this be true, the presumption is that the federal officers in charge have been forced to resort to the policy adopted by Lt. Jones at Harper's Ferry.

We have a report that the steam frigate Merrimac, ordered out of Norfolk harbor on Sunday, was able to pass the obstructions and put out to sea.

The latest accounts from Baltimore represent the union men as overawed by the secessionists. A vigilance committee of sixty held permanent session at Barnum's Hotel. Armed mobs parade the streets, compelling all persons to unite with them in imprecations against the north, the government and the union. The principal streets were barricaded, and many houses are furnished with shutters in which loopholes have been cut.

There is a report by way of Newark, Del., that the frigates Merrimac and Germantown have both been scuttled by order of the government. Another account states that the Merrimac got out to sea with great difficulty.

A Wilmington, Del., dispatch states that a naval officer arrived there yesterday morning, says the steamer S. R. Spaulding, from Boston, landed a portion of her troops very quietly at Fort McHenry. Baltimoreans were waiting to seize her, but she started down the Bay and frustrated their designs.

Annapolis is in charge of the 8th Massachusetts Regiment.

A vessel with one hundred thousand barrels of powder on board, and bound for New Orleans, was seized yesterday in New York harbor and detained. All vessels bound to sea re strictly watched.

Senator Wilson passed through New York yesterday on his way to Washington. He enlisted as a private in the Third Battalion Massachusetts Rifles.

A New York dispatch says the report that ex-Gov. Banks has resigned his position on the Illinois Central Road to command a Massachusetts regiment, originated from the fact that Treasurer Burnside, of the same road, is to be colonel of the Rhode Island regiment.

Vice President Hamlin passed through Dover last night in the train from Portland. He was enthusiastically received at the station and made a brief and stirring address.

Commodore Vanderbilt, it is said, has informed the government that it can have the whole of his fleet of steamers, fully manned and equipped, without the charge of a penny.

It is reported that William B. Astor proposes to give four millions of dollars to the national treasury to maintain the government, and to loan ten millions more.

An attempt was made to poison the Massachusetts volunteers when on board the State of Maine, at New York, Friday, by sending poisoned brandy on board. A soldier belonging to the Fourth Regiment had died, and four or five others were more or less affected by the poison.


Mr. Dwight, the new superintendent of this establishment, has entered upon his duties in the place of Col. Wright. We learn from the Republican that there are now 350 men employed in the armory, and its production is about 1500 rifle muskets each month. With new machinery and more mechanics, there is shop-room enough to extend this to 2500 a month; and it is thought that, with double sets of hands, the capacity may be increased to 4000 or 5000 a month. The drafts recently made have exhausted the supply of rifle muskets so that only1500, altered from the old smooth bore, remain; but a large quantity of guns of the old model, with percussion locks, are ready for use. Some 25,000 of these have just been ordered for New York troops.


Our Canadian neighbors seem deeply interested in the contest which is now going on so near them; and they take the same view of matters which finds expression through the liberal press of the mother country. Referring to the attitude of the south, the Montreal Witness says, "it has no just cause for which to fight, seeing that its whole object is to sustain slavery." Again, "every shot at Sumter was a shot at that inhuman system."


Philadelphia, 23d April--A special messenger arrived here last night, bearer of dispatches from the president to Gen. Patterson. He says that the capital is safe from any attack that can be made. The assailants can be baffled and repelled until the city is reinforced by troops now on the way.

APRIL 24, 1861



The steam frigate Niagara, Capt. W. W. McKean, which sailed from New York June 30, 1860, for Jeddo, with the returning Japanese embassy, was signalled off Highland Light yesterday forenoon about 11 o'clock, on her return, and anchored three miles from Boston Light about 4 p.m.

The work at the Charlestown Navy Yard is rapidly progressing. Com. Stringham, who ahs been absent from the yard for several days, returned yesterday. The steam frigate Minnesota has on board a large proportion of her stores, and additional supplies are constantly being received. Her gun carriages have been shipped, her armament is going on-board. Every thing concerning her is rapidly approaching completion, and she will be ready for sea next week. Her officers and men are ordered to report themselves for duty on the first of May. The brig Bainbridge is ready for sea at very short notice. Her officers and men have not as yet been detailed. The sloop-of-war Vincennes is in the dock, undergoing extensive repairs, which will require some time to complete. Her destination is said to be the coast of Africa. The steam frigate Mississippi has stepped her foremast, and will receive her remaining masts as soon as possible. The repairs on her hull are nearly completed, and she will be placed in commission about the 20th of May. The steam frigate Colorado could be put in commission at a notice of ten or twelve days. her masts are in, but she has no rigging standing. No orders have yet been received to fit her out. The marine barracks in the yard are rebuilding, and will be a great improvement on those formerly used. An iron fence with a stone base will be erected on Chelsea street, in front of the barrack yard, in place of the wall lately demolished.

The arming of the light-draft fleet for the coming blockade began on Monday at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Guns from the North Carolina were put on board the Corwin, and the Bibb will, it is said, be also provided with a battery. The Varina and the Crawford are still in the stream, waiting recruits. The U.S. brig Perry was reported ready for sea on Friday, and is to go in commission immediately. She is rigged, equipped, and armed. The engines of the Wabash were kept working for some hours on Monday, with satisfactory results. The U.S. frigate Potomac, which ahs been lying at the Brooklyn Yard for years, is to be prepared for service. The Savannah having been taken out of dock, the Potomac will be floated in. She is a splendid vessel of 1726 tons burden, rates 50 guns and carries 500 men. She, too, will be one of the blockading fleet. All the band of the North Carolina have volunteered. Wives, families and friends are behind country in their estimation. Their pay will run on. The 200 sailors ordered from the "North" on Saturday, returned that night, went on board two steamers next day, and back again to their vessel.

Key West dates of the 15th instant state that the Crusader carried out to the Atlantic which arrived on the 13th several large guns, and 35 men from Fort Taylor, and she left the same evening for Fort Jefferson. The U.S. steamship Powhatan passed Key West on the morning of the 14th, bound west. Five sloops-of-war lay near by Fort Pickens--the Sabine, Brooklyn, Wyandotte and St. Louis. Another arrived Saturday night, the seventh name not known. The troops anticipated a fight in fifteen or twenty days.


Destruction of Government Property

New York, April 23--The steamer Yankee reports arrived at Norfolk on the afternoon of the 17th, and finding a movement afloat to seize her, proceeded to the Navy Yard and placed herself under the guns of the yard. On the 18th the custom house officers came to seize her, but the commander of the yard refused to yield her. The Yankee towed the Cumberland to Fort Monroe. The Pawnee, under Com. Paulding, arrived at Fort Monroe, took aboard the 3d Massachusetts regiment, and proceeded to the navy yard, where the officers had commenced destroying the public property to prevent its falling into the hands of the enemy. They had scuttled all the ships, the Cumberland being the only one in commission . . . Preparations were made to make demolition complete. The Pawnee with the Cumberland in tow, assisted by the Yankee, started, and after passing the Navy Yard, sent up a signal rocket; when a match was applied and in an instant ships, ship houses and store houses were in flames. So rapid were the flames, that Commander Rogers of the navy and Captain Wright of the Engineers were unable to reach the point of rendezvous, where a boat was waiting for them, and were left behind. Among the most valuable property destroyed were the liners Pennsylvania, Columbus, New York and Delaware; frigates Merrimac and Potomac; sloops Germantown and Plymouth, and brig Dolphin. Large quantities of provisions, cordage, machinery and buildings of great value were destroyed. It is not positively known that the dock was blown up. The burning of the navy yard was done by Union men, who are in the majority, but comparatively unarmed. When the Pawnee came up the Cumberland and Merrimac lay broadside to, their guns loaded, thinking she was in the ands of the rebels. Similar opinion prevailed on board the Pawnee, and she was ready for action. The cheering aboard the vessels and on shore showed how satisfactory was the answer to our hail from the Cumberland that she was the U.S. steamer Pawnee. The Union men employed in the navy yard cut down the flag staff, so that it could not be used by the rebels. The guns in the navy yard were spiked.


New York, April 23--Steamer Florida, from Savannah, brought a large number of passengers, including many business men and families, who were glad to escape.

Troops in large numbers continue to occupy Charleston. The steamer Isabel is fitted out as a man-of-war, and the tug Huntress is converted into an armed revenue-cutter.

The steamer Nashville is detained at Charleston.

The city of Savannah was wild with rejoicing over the news of the attack on the Massachusetts Regiment. It was reported there that 130 of them were killed.

Secessionists from Kentucky

Cincinnati, April 23--A company of 113 secessionists left Cynthana, Kentucky, to join the Confederate army. When they arrived at Frankfort they were ordered to show their flag, which they did by displaying a secession flag from the car window. Several stones were thrown at it, when a Lieutenant fired into the crowd, which immediately attacked the secessionists with a shower of boulders, paving stones, &c. . . Citizens declare that no more trains with secessionists shall pass through their city.

APRIL 25, 1861



President Davis has issued a proclamation authorizing the issue of letters of marque and reprisal against the commerce of the United States.

The Government is about notifying the Foreign Powers of its intention to blockade the Southern Ports.

Accounts from New Mexico state that the citizens of Arizona, in convention at Mesilla, have voted that Territory out of the Union.

The six steam sloops-of-war authorized by the last Congress will be put under contract without delay.

There is a report from Texas that all of the American vessels at Galveston have been embargoed.

The Governor of New Jersey has issued his proclamation. Four Regiments are to be sent from that State.

A large number of arms and a great quantity of powder designed for the South have been seized at Cincinnati. . . The schooner L. C. Watts has been seized at New York with a quantity of arms shipped at Hartford, Ct., for the South.

The U.S. steamship Star of the West has arrived at New Orleans from Indianola, Texas, having been taken there as a prize by the confederate troops. She was boarded off Indianola by the Galveston Volunteers on Wednesday night, who captured her without resistance. She had on board 8-900 barrels of provisions.

An unparalleled war spirit is aroused in the South and men and means are freely and lavishly offered. The same condition of things exists at the North. Events march on with a fearful celerity. God only knows where this matter will end.

The feeling at Washington on Saturday afternoon was one of intense anxiety. Cannon had been planted on the heights overlooking the city, and it was generally believed that there were not far from 10,000 men under arms. A gentleman who left Washington Saturday morning says the general belief in that city in the best informed circles, was that Jefferson Davis was on his way North--at the head of a considerable force, which he was augmenting on the way. As all communication by telegraph with the South has been cut off, it was impossible to procure any positive information on this subject; but it was considered beyond dispute that he was en route for the Capital and not very far from it.

A regiment of riflemen is forming in New York, including Italians, Swiss and Hungarians. It will be called the garibaldi Guards. The British residents are forming a regiment of light infantry, one company of wh9ch is complete and the second is forming.

On Saturday 2000 stand of arms were furnished to the troops of Leavenworth, Kansas, from the arsenal at Fort Leavenworth, and the commander at that post has accepted the services of 300 volunteers of St. Joseph, Mo., to guard the arsenal, pending the arrival of troops from Fort Kearny. All is quiet, except preparations for possible contingencies.


Death sometimes brings the human heart to thoughts quite foreign to the daily routine of men's minds. At Pensacola, the funeral of Capt. Berryman, of the U.S. steamer Wyandotte, was attended by a large number of naval and military officers, both of the United States and the Confederate States Army. While preparing to wage war against each other, these brave men were suddenly called to perform the last offices of affection


The vast number of inhabitants who do live, and have lived, upon the face of the earth, appear, at first sight, to defy the powers of calculation. But if we suppose the world to have existed 6,000 years; that there now exist 1,000,000,000; that a generation passes away in 30 years; that every past generation averages the present; and that four individuals may stand in one square yard, we find that the whole number will not occupy a compass so great as one-fourth the extent of England. Allowing 6,000 years since the creation, and a generation to pass away in thirty years, we shall have 200 generation, which, at 1,000,000,000 each, will be 200,000,000,000, which being divided by four persons to  a square yard, will leave 50,000,000,000 square yards; there are in a square mile 3,097,600 sq. yards; by which, if the former sum can be divided, it will give 16,133 square miles, the root of which, is about 127; so that 125 sq. miles will be found sufficient to contain the immense, and almost inconceivable number of 200,000,000,000 human beings!


A distinguished physician lately announced that one reason why so many people have dyspepsia, is because they have no sympathy at table. They eat alone at restaurants, and devour their food like wild beasts, instead of sitting at the table with their families, where their sympathies could be called into healthful activity, and where they would eat like civilized beings.

The Eastport (Me.) Sentinel publishes the names of 53 citizens of that town who weigh upwards of 200 lbs. each. The heaviest man in the lot is Mr. John French, whose weight is 300 lbs., and the aggregate weight of the 53 is 11,872 lbs., and average of 224 lbs. each. The first 20 on the list have an aggregate weight of 4,968 lbs., or an average weight of 248 and 2/5 lbs.

There is a firm in Elgin, Illinois, known as "Gray & Lunt." Half the letters come to them directed to "Lay & Grunt." Natural, but not complimentary.

The first arrival of Japanese tobacco in this country included 100 bales which was landed at New York last week. It is something like the Turkish tobacco in flavor but is considered superior to that.

The New Orleans Delta says that a party of gentlemen have bought half a million of acres of land in Southern Florida, about 100 miles south of Tampa bay, at two cents an acre, where they intend to raise tropical fruit.

No less than 1,600 steamboats run upon the Mississippi river and its tributaries. The total value of these is estimated at $60,000,000. The Mississippi drains an area of 1,200,000 sq. miles, washes the shores of twelve States, and from the Gulf of Mexico to the source of the Missouri it is 4,500 miles in length, its average depth 50 feet, and its width over half a mile.



The subscriber would announce to the people of this and adjoining towns, that he is wanting bones of all descriptions, and feels assured  that now is the time to save money otherwise thrown away. He offers 50 cents per hundred weight for bones, and will call monthly at their dwelling for them.

RICHARD R. WILSON, Richmond, Mass.
One mile East of the Depot.

Farmers will find BONE MANURE constantly on hand.

APRIL 26, 1861



A dispatch received at this office at quarter past two this afternoon says:

The N.Y. Herald this morning's dispatch says that Gov. Hicks with Maryland troops is assisting the N.Y. 7th and Massachusetts 8th regiments in opening the way from Annapolis to Washington.

The federal troops are now being rapidly reinforced.


The telegraphic report of Beauregard's insolent message to the president is not generally credited.

The New York Post publishes a letter from the New York seventh regiment at Annapolis, which states that the steamer containing the Massachusetts troops was run aground on reaching Annapolis by a secessionist pilot, and it is said that the captain of the boat is in irons, and that the pilot had been shot. The secessionists made an attempt to seize the Constitution, school-ship, but the midshipmen tore up the railroad tracks and prevented their reaching the place.

A messenger, who left Washington on Monday, reports that the long bridge across the Potomac at Washington was strongly fortified by our troops, and the draw taken up. On the Virginia side a party of the secessionists were digging entrenchments, and appeared to be placing batteries. The Washington troops are barricading all the entrances to the capital, using for that purpose all the stone material, iron work, and debris of the unfinished national buildings.

There was a rumor current in Boston yesterday that the Canadian authorities had tendered six thousand good muskets for arming our troops, and that more could be had, to the number of 75,000.

This morning's news has a more encouraging look. It is certain, at last, that the Massachusetts eighth and the New York seventh regiment have got through to Washington, and the latest report of the number of troops at the capital is thirteen thousand.

A special dispatch to the Boston Advertiser, dated at Philadelphia yesterday, states positively that the fleet which left New York on Sunday and Monday arrived at Annapolis on Wednesday, and the troops were well on their way to Washington. The fleet conveyed five regiments, including the Massachusetts Fifth Infantry, Light Artillery and Worceste4r Battalion of Rifles, besides the Rhode Island Artillery; and no doubt they were able to make their way from Annapolis to Washington. Gen. Scott had posted pickets on the route.

Gov. Hicks has issued a proclamation convening the legislature of Maryland at Frederick to-day, Annapolis being occupied with federal troops. Frederick is in the central part of the state, some sixty miles from Baltimore.

Two naval officers, who were left at Norfolk, are held as prisoners.

Alex. H. Stephens, vice-president of Jeff. Davis's government, spoke at Richmond on Tuesday in a very confident tone. He said the south would fight for the graves of Washington, Jefferson and Patrick Henry. [If the south would fight for the ideas which have made those names so illustrious, the race of traitors would be wiped out at once.]


The people of all parties throughout the loyal states are aroused. There is no want of men eager to place themselves in active service at the earliest moment to uphold the government. The means for a year's campaign, with double the force now called to the field, are to-day at the disposal of the executive. The enthusiasm of the people has already outrun the action of our rulers, and the masses are feeling impatient of everything which smacks of hesitation, tardiness, or delay. Doubtless at this distance from the seat of operations, we may not appreciate the reasons of seemingly slow movements on the loyal side, whilst an unscrupulous enemy is rapidly consummating its plans to environ our army with traitors and prevent not only needed accessions to our force, but to cut off their supplies. The people are in earnest. They feel that the time for negotiations or parleying with mayors or governors about the right of way as gone by. Philosophy is good in its place--action is te need of this hour.


The accounts which reach us of the condition of affairs up to Tuesday noon are such as to excite apprehension and to stimulate the friends of the government. The number of reliable troops in Washington is even now probably less than was supposed two days ago. We are told that since the trouble at Baltimore, the leading secessionists have raised the cry that the soil of Maryland has been invaded and citizens have been shot down in the streets by northern abolitionists, and the ignorant are thus misled, and the masses are mad with excitement and a feeling of revenge.

Large bodies of loyal troops appear to be accumulating at various points not far distant from the capital, but so many bridges have been burned and so many rails displaced, that we can have no assurance of the rapid transit of troops and provisions when they will be most needed.

If the resident troops and citizens of Washington were as a body reliable in this crisis the condition of the capital would be far more hopeful than it is in view of present difficulties beyond its limits. Washington is a slave-holding city and is peopled to a large extent by natives of Virginia and Maryland, whose feelings and sympathies and ties of kindred go to balance if not outweigh the sentiment of patriotism and the material interests involved in the present contest.


I. N. Brown, first lieutenant in the United States frigate Niagara, was arrested yesterday in Boston, by order of the governor, on a charge of misprision of treason. He was detained a few hours, and finally surrendered by Major Wightman to the commander of the navy yard, to whom he had been ordered by Capt. McKean to report himself. The surgeon of the ship was arrested last evening on a similar charge and held. Referring to the case of Brown, the Advertiser says he consented to take the oath to support the constitution of the United States; and was willing to take an oath not to fight during the war if released from the service on parole of honor; but he objected to the oath to obey any future orders, as under the existing circumstances of the country, he might thus e required to attack and destroy the home of his own family.

 APRIL 27, 1861



Arkansas is also in rebellion. Solon Borland, formerly United States senator, at the head of a force of 300, has seized Fort Smith. The commander of the post, Captain Sturgis, with two companies of cavalry, retired at the approach of the rebels to Fort Washita.

Andrew Johnson, U.S. senator from Tennessee, passed through Lynchburg, Va., on the 21st, on his way from Washington to Tennessee. A large crowd assembled and groaned at him. They offered every indignity, including pulling his nose. Every effort was made to take him off the cars. The demonstration was first suggested by Tennesseans. Great difficulty was experienced in restraining the populace. Mr. Johnson was protected by the conductor and others, who begged that he might be permitted to proceed home, and let his own people deal with him. He denied sending a message asserting Tennessee should furnish her quota of men.

There are 3,000 secessionists at Farmington, Delaware, though there are three Union volunteer companies in the place. A majority of the farmers of Delaware are disposed to favor the South, and the governor leans also towards that cause. A son of Senator Bayard, himself a secessionist, of Delaware, has raised a Union company at Wilmington, and on Wednesday night took the oath of allegiance in public, causing great sensation.

A gentleman from New Orleans on the 21st says that the confederate loan was taken there to a very limited extent, and under pressure which could not be resisted or overcome. A Mr. Nathan had left that city two or three weeks previously on his way to Belgium, as agent for contracting for the delivery within a specified time of 75,000 muskets or rifles.

A gentleman who left Charleston about a week ago says that Beauregard was still there, and that there was no movement of troops toward the North, as there was expectation of an immediate attack upon Charleston from the sea. He says the people of the South, when they hear that Pierce and Buchanan are sustaining the administration, that Caleb Cushing ahs volunteered, and that Gen. Butler, the late Breckinridge candidate for governor of Massachusetts, is on the march against them, will be astounded, and will for the first time be brought to a realizing sense of their terrible danger. They confidently expected abundant help in men and money from the northern democrats.


Volunteers continue to arrive at the St. Louis arsenal, in compliance with President Lincoln's proclamation. About 3000 troops are now there drilling vigorously. Several state companies are recruiting and stand guard over the armories. Two German traitors at St. Louis have been detected in a plot to burn the bridges on the North Missouri, the Pacific and Iron Mountain railroads, to prevent the concentration of troops from the interior. As far as known seven citizens were killed, including Mr. Davis (before mentioned) and James Clark. A half-dozen or so are seriously wounded, but believed not fatally.


Denver dates of the 22d have reached Fort Kearney. The war news from the East created a profound sensation, and there will be a strong Union demonstration soon. Serious Indian disturbances are apprehended, as large numbers are collecting near the settlements and committing petty depredations.


Vessels are not allowed to leave Wilmington, N.C., and those loading are obliged to discharge their cargoes. No seizures have been reported.

Gen. Beauregard was repairing Fort Sumter on the 18th, expecting an attack from the North.

The Portsmouth (Va.) papers announce the arrival of three Georgia companies.

The schooners Gen. Knox and Victory, of Maine, were seized on Pakumka river, Va. Cannon were placed aboard the Gen. Knox; a secession "flag" was hoisted, and the men ordered to leave by Col. Lee, Saturday, and placed under guard. They obtained a pass from Gov. Letcher out of the state. They were interrupted frequently at Baltimore, being intercepted by the rebels. The captain appealed personally to police commissioner Trumbull, who protected them until their departure.

On Thursday afternoon the steamer De Sota was seen in Chesapeake bay taking aboard the crews of two small boats, either from captured lightships, or Union men fleeing from Virginia. The lights on Capes Charles and Henry are extinguished, and lightships removed from the mouth of the Potomac.

The powder mills three miles above Cincinnati being in danger from traitors, a body of state militia has been ordered out to protect them.

About 15,000 Virginia rebels are said to be under arms.

Secession troops are being raised at Memphis, Randolph and other points. Their plan is to proceed to Columbus, Ky., and thence march on Cairo, Il., attacking it from the south side of the river.

A company of rebel cavalry is being raised at Warsaw, Mo. The people clamor for immediate secession, and demand for Gov. Jackson shall repel by force all federal movements to retake the stolen public property, or to enforce the laws in seceded states.

The schooner T. O. Thompson was wrecked on Bluff point, Va., 9th instant, and Capt. Adams, her master, with his crew of six men, all from Maine, were notified to leave in two hours, or take an oath to fight for the South. Two of the crew were thrown into jail at Laneston, Va.; one of them is a British subject; the others took to their boat and were picked up by the steamer Desoto. Another boat picked up contained wood-choppers belonging in Maine, who had been warned to leave. Those thrown into jail are to be starved or else take an oath to fight for the South.

New Orleans is crowded with secession volunteers, and the whole city wear a most warlike aspect.

The municipal authorities of Louisville have sent a special committee to "tickle" the Cincinnati and Madison people, in hopes that active warfare can be shunned by flattering negotiations. Nonsense.

The schooner Annie J. Russell, with wheat for Boston, has been seized at Richmond.

Large numbers of Virginians, mostly from Fairfax county, arrived Friday night at Harrisburg, via Chambersburg. They were required to take the treasonable oath, take up arms, or be imprisoned.

Alexandria is full of rebel troops and a battery will soon be erected at White house fishery.

Gov. Letcher has forbidden any aggressive movement against the federal government or in aid of Maryland. He has also refused to allow any interruption of the navigation of the Potomac by the federal government.

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