AUGUST 18, 1861



The Knoxville Register, of the 14th inst., has the following:

A gentleman who formed one of the body-guard of Gen. W. Bridges, on his recent trip across the Cumberland Mountains, has returned to Athens. He reports that Paul McDermott, Esq., a promising and popular young lawyer of that town, now a member of Capt. Lowry's company, on service in Fentress county, was sent out a few days since as one of a scouting party. Late in the day his horse returned to the camp without the rider. This excited alarm, and a squad was dispatched to ascertain his fate. Some distance from the encampment they saw in the road a quantity of blood, and evidences of a struggle. Reaching a cabin near by, they learned that McDermott had been attacked by three men, Lincolnites, and severely beaten, if not killed. He was tracked by his blood for some distance, but his body was not found up to the time this gentleman left, and but little doubt remains that he was cruelly murdered

This news, as might be anticipated, created intense excitement in McMinn, where he was so well known and esteemed. In less than twenty-four hours after the news reached that county, more than 1000 of the citizens met in Athens, and several hundred of them, irrespective of past party differences, at once volunteered, and shouldered their rifles and muskets and took up their line of march for Fentress, to ascertain the truth or falsity of the report, and if true, to avenge his death.

This is the true spirit. The only safety the loyal citizens of East Tennessee have is in their strong arms and brave hearts.

The honest masses are hourly taking sides with the South, and showing a patriotic determination to defend their hearth-stones from foreign or domestic violence. But the Lincoln leaders and those who blindly follow them are for a civil strife, and are sending out pilots to guide the Federal forces through the mountain passes. Unless more prompt measures are inaugurated, all the horrors of a civil war will be upon us in less than two weeks.

A Pretty Idea

Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist--We noticed, some time ago, the appearance on our streets of a charming little lady wearing a Confederate-trimmed bonnet. That was a very pretty conceit, and was adopted by several others. Now we have another pretty fashion to notice; the young ladies are wearing Confederate aprons. The bodice is of blue silk or satin, with the stars upon it, while the apron itself consist of the three bars--two red and one white. Our Augusta girls are pretty enough, to be sure, without any extra adornments; but the Confederate apron makes them appear even prettier.


Louisville, Aug. 17--The following is an extract from a letter from St. Louis, dated the 16th, from perfectly reliable parties. It is significant:

It is said that Frémont is fortifying the environs of St. Louis. All information is suppressed.

An employee on the railroad told a reliable gentleman that he heard heavy cannonading in the direction of Rolla, but would say nothing more; neither would he tell how far he came on the road, being sworn to communicate nothing on such subjects. There is scarcely doubt but that Rolla is in Hardee's hands.

Manassas Lost Because the Day was Fine--The ingenuity of those of the Lincolnite press, as well as those of the impatient "On to Richmond" clique, who, by their counsels, precipitated the fight at Manassas, in accounting for the defeat of "the grand army," is certainly admirable. It was the teamsters, it was the civilians on the field, it was the defection of Patterson, it was the recusant three-monthers from Pennsylvania; but now it seems it was the fineness of the weather, on that fatal twenty-first of July! So, at least, the Philadelphia North American will have the pensive public believe.

"The hot sun is very severe upon armies," says that article. "Hence skillful generals make their important movements very often at night or in the rain. A wet day or a stormy night is peculiarly a favored time for marching or fighting, because in such a state of the atmosphere the men can endure far more work and fatigue than when exposed to the fierce glare of the sun." From which the sapient conclusion is that "all holiday marches, therefore, like McDowell's recent one against Manassas, are blunders, and furnish the enemy with opportunities not likely to be neglected."

Well--what next?

The Cotton Factors of Charleston to the Planters

The Charleston Courier, of the 13th, publishes the following circular, signed by the cotton factors of that city. The good work goes bravely on:

"We, the undersigned, cotton factors of Charleston, in view of the existing blockade, beg to present to the planters of this State the following considerations:

"Cotton, if sent to the seaports, could not be exported; it would, therefore, accumulate in the stores and on the wharves; for this, the want of accommodation would be soon felt, increasing the ordinary risks of danger from exposure to robbery and of fire, and insurance would be obtained with difficulty and at high rate.

"An accumulation of produce in our ports would be a constant temptation to our enemies to attack and gain possession of it, and could be of no benefit to ourselves.

"It has been suggested that foreign Governments might interest themselves sufficiently to induce the United States Government to relieve the blockade at one of the Southern ports only, so as to permit the export of cotton from that port. We know that the planters of the Confederate States have patriotism and love of the common cause too near at heart to permit to permit their cotton to be exported under such circumstances.

"We therefore recommend to our friends, the cotton planters of this and other States, to send none of their cotton to market until the blockade is expressly removed from all of the ports of the Confederate States, but to make arrangements to store it carefully and properly under their own sheds and gin houses."


Outrage on the Press--By telegraph from Northern sources, we have information that on the 12th inst., the Bangor (Me.) Democrat was destroyed by a mob, in consequence of its denunciation of the policy of Lincoln's Administration. During an alarm of fire, a crowd entered the office, and cleaned it of everything it contained, and turned the contents into the street. Mr. Emory, the editor of the paper, escaped unharmed. A man named Jones, who made some demonstrations in opposition to the acts of the mob, was badly used, but was finally rescued and put in jail. The Occurrence is another instance of abolition intolerance to be remembered.

AUGUST 19, 1861





St. Louis, Aug. 17--A detachment of U.S. troops from Cape Girardeau seized $58,000 belonging to the bank at St. Genevieve yesterday, at the request of the Directors of the Parent Bank here, to whom it was transferred today by Gen. Fremont.

Despatches reached here today, state that a train conveying troops over the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was fired into by secessionists near Palmyra, and one soldier killed and several wounded. Gen. Pope immediately sent orders to Gen. Hurlburt to take such a force as he deemed necessary to Marion county and quarter them on the people, and to levy contributions of horses, mules and provisions, and such other things as are useful to soldiers to the amount of $10,000 on the inhabitants of the county, and $5000 on the citizens of Palmyra for this outrage.

Rolla, Mo., Aug. 17--The St. Louis Republican's correspondent furnishes the following items: The forces engaged in the battle of Wilson's Creek reached their camping ground at a point 8 miles southwest of here today, where there is abundance of water and other facilities for camp life. Major Sturgis assumed command of the army at a point 30 miles from Springfield, and had since conducted the retreat.

The Iowa 1st regiment reached here today, and will proceed immediately to St. Louis and be disbanded, their terms of service having expired. The loss of this regiment was 13 killed ad 134 wounded, 53 seriously and 6 mortally, and 5 are missing.

Col. Merritt, commanding the first Iowa regiment, reports officially that the enemy brought into the field 14,000 well armed and disciplined troops, while our own force was only about 5000 in the early part of the engagement, and considerably less than 4000 for the concluding four hours of it.

Capt. Emmitt McDonald, of habeas corpus notoriety, arrived at Major Sturgis's camp this morning with a flag of truce, ostensibly to negotiate n exchange of prisoners and procure medical stores for the wounded on both sides, but it is strongly suspected that he is really acting as a spy. What action Major Sturgis will take in the matter is not known.


It is understood that the money found in possession of Serrill, the rebel messenger on board the Persia, is worthless. The only consists of "post notes" of the Bank of England. These notes  are payable only to the order of Serrill, and of course are worthless without his endorsement.



The London papers are canvassing the possibility of trouble growing out of the American blockade question. The London Shipping Gazette complains of the blockading forces, and points out the risk of a collision with maritime powers. Other journals harp on a like danger.

The Times has another article bitterly sarcastic on the battle of Bull Run, and says there must rise a gathering doubt that the Southern nut is too hard to crack, and that the military line as a matter of business does not answer. The same article ridicules and laughs at the threats of prominent New England journals against England.

The Morning Post fears the question of the blockade may involve England in some difficult complication.

The Times remarks that there is a little cloud, which, although only as large as a man's hand, may come to overshadow the whole sky.

On the last day of the session Lord Palmerston stated his views on the question of the American blockade. He said in effect that if the blockading force should allow any one ship to enter a blockaded port by the payment of duties, the blockade from that moment is raised. A belligerent may seal up a port, but if he lets one vessel in his right is gone. It follows, therefore, that when a Federal cruiser willingly allows a ship to pass the blockaded port upon payment of customs the blockade will be at an end.

An anonymous advertisement appears in the Liverpool Press inviting a shilling subscription for a testimonial to Gen. Beauregard in admiration of his skillful dispositions.

The London Herald says a report had been received that Napoleon1 on receipt of the intelligence of the defeat of the Northern army at Bull Run, decided to recognize the Southern Confederacy. The statement lacks confirmation, and is believed to be unfounded.

The news of the battle of Bull Run was received on Sunday 4th inst., and caused a profound sensation. The northern Americans were much depressed, and the southerners correspondingly elated. There was almost a collision in the Liverpool News Room.


Some of the Evening papers on Saturday did that which was worthy of stripes. A dispatch dated Fayetteville, Arkansas, with an obviously fictitious rebel story of the capture of the whole of Sigel's command. The dispatch had been plainly contradicted by two days' later intelligence from Sigel direct. Nevertheless it was printed with "sensation" heads, without a word of warning, cried through the streets by newsboys, so largely in extras, and the public was deceived and excited for some hours by a tale which no editor could have considered for a moment without knowing to be false.

AUGUST 20, 1861



It is stated by a New Jersey paper that during the past four weeks a number of agents of the southern conspirators have been visiting various parts of that and other northern states, professing to be staunch union men, and under that guise inaugurating peace meetings. These meetings have had the countenance of the New York News and other papers recently presented by a grand jury as giving aid and comfort to the rebels. It is said, furthermore,  that these emissaries have been provided with pecuniary means to facilitate their mission.  The purpose is to get up a seeming clamor for compromise with armed rebels, to dishearten the people and embarrass the government. Certain it is that several of these "peace" demonstrations have been made in such a manner as to show that they were the result of preconcerted action. The key-note of the peace presses and the reports of  the peace meetings followed each other so closely as to call up Milton's idea of the clustering woes:
"They trod on each other's heels."
The experiment, however, has served a useful purpose. It has demonstrated the  fact that, in this crisis, patriotism is superior to party. The number of men in the free states who have the face to counsel peace at this stage of affairs is extremely limited.


The Eighteenth regiment, which left Boston on Saturday, will not pass directly through Baltimore, but will await orders there. The Boston Journal mentions an incident which occurred before the departure from camp, at North Cambridge, which fairly belongs to the record of the campaign:

Among the crowd of visitors at the camp who came supposing this to be their last chance to bid adieu to departing friends and kindred, were a very respectable married couple, of whom the wife was the sister of one of the volunteers. The surgeon of the regiment, Dr. Jewett, received a hasty summons soon after their arrival, owing probably to the excitement of the scene, and in one of the soldier's tents, or barracks, a little girl was soon ushered into this present world. The little girl, born in this camp amid such stirring scenes, may fairly be considered a candidate for the position of "Daughter of the Regiment." She will probably receive a name betokening her place of nativity and these military times. One gentleman suggests "Bellona," the goddess of war.


Curious Decision--The synod of the Presbyterian church of England, in its last session at Liverpool, would  not accept a congregation at Exeter because they had an organ in their church. The Israelite, of New York, calls attention to the fact that the organ was excluded from the Church of England on the ground that it was a "Jewish instrument, and judaizes the church," while some of the conservative Jews would not have an organ in the church because it is a christian instrument and christianizes the synagogue.


Much excitement was produced in Boston yesterday, by the receipt of news of additional captures of vessels by the privateer Jeff Davis, including the barque Alvarado bound from the Cape of Good Hope for Boston, with a valuable  cargo of hides, wool, &c. By the statement furnished to the Merchants' News Room, it appears the capture  was made July 21st, in lat. 26° N, lon. 60° 19' W. The Davis showed the English flag when first seen, but afterwards ran up the confederate color. She took out the crew of the barque, with the exception of Captain Whiting, wife, and a colored cook, and they were transferred to schooner Windward on the 5th of August in lat. 29°, lon. 60°, which arrived at Holmes' Hole 17th. Five of the crew of the Alvarado joined the privateer, one of whom, Jerome B. Jones of Brooklyn, N.Y., was made prize master of brig Santa Clara, Elwell, from Puerto Rico for New York, with a  cargo of molasses, and which was captured by the Jeff Davis on the 5th of August, lat. 29°, lon. 60°, and ordered south.
The Alvarado is supposed to have been run ashore on the coast of Florida. It is stated that the Davis has also captured two other vessels, the barque California and the brig Mary Thompson, but allowed them to proceed for want of men to put on board as prize crews.


By a notice of the postmaster, elsewhere, it will be seen that he has received a supply of the new stamps. The differ materially from the old ones, presenting a marked improvement in the coloring, and a distinctness in the rate of each. They are uniform in style, with the value of each stamp designated in figures in each of the upper corners, and the letters U.S. in the lower corners in addition to U.S. Postage, three cents, &c. The one-cent stamp is blue, with a profile bust of Franklin; the three-cent is pink, with a profile bust of Washington; the five-cent is light brown, with the head of Jefferson; the ten-cent is green, the twelve black, and the twenty purple--each of these three kinds having the bust of Washington upon them; the thirty-cent stamp is straw color, with the bust of Franklin. The ninety-cent stamps are distinguished by Trumbull's head of Washington. The new styles will be exchanged for old ones during this week, but after the 25th inst. old stamps will not be taken at the post office in payment for postage.


A letter received in New York from an American gentleman in Alexandria, Egypt, under date of July 11, says of Egyptian cotton:

The condition of things in the United States is pretty well appreciated here by all classes. Even the humblest peasant holds on to his cotton, and refuses to sell, because of the war in America, and the higher prices he expects to receive hereafter. Some of the large cotton planters have reached the exorbitant figure of seventeen dollars per cantaro (one hundred English pounds) and there they stick. They are not likely to realize that rate; although Egyptian cotton is next in value to Sea Island. The price ruling day before yesterday (Saturday, July 13,) was thirteen dollars per cantaro.

AUGUST 21, 1861



There is rather a dearth of exciting war movements just now, though instances of minor skirmishes are not wanting. From the West, we have the following account by telegraph:

Cairo, Ill., Aug. 20--There was a battle last night at 12 o'clock, between a federal force 250 strong, consisting of the 22d Illinois regiment, under Col. Dougherty, accompanied by Lieut. Col. Rawson, of the 11th Illinois regiment. The rebel force is estimated at 600 or 700, commanded by Col. Hunter of Jeff. Thompson's army. The federal troops were victorious, routing the enemy, killing 40 and taking 17 prisoners. Our loss was one killed, Wm. P. Sharp of Co. A. Among the wounded are Col. Dougherty, slightly; Lieut. Col. Rawson, shot in the shoulder, not serious; Capt. Johnson, shot in the leg; George A. Parry, slightly wounded in the arm. All the wounded are doing well.

Capt. Toleman, with 50 mounted men, left Bird's Point at 6 o'clock last evening for Charleston, to join the forces under Colonel Dougherty, but failed to form a junction. They met a party of rebels about 100 strong, and gave them battle, killing 2. They also took 33 prisoners and captured 35 horses without the loss of a man.


A Washington dispatch makes the following important statement, which, if authorized, places the blockade question, as regards foreign powers, in a far more favorable light than has been supposed to be warranted by facts. On an inquiry at the state department it is stated that "in the instance when the Niagara was off station at Charleston for 24 hours, Lord Lyon's brought the subject to the notice of our government. With that exception, which happened twelve weeks ago, no foreign government has expressed a word of discontent to this government concerning this blockade. On the contrary, it is universally respected by foreign governments, although some of their subjects are very active in endeavoring to evade the blockade, and very clamorous against it."


Slave Vessels--Capt. Brevoor, of the brig St. Marys,arrived at Boston from Sierra Leone, reports that a Spanish slave schooner was captured in the River Pongos, and taken to Sierra Leone, July 2. The American barque called the  Flight, of Boston, which was brought into Sierra Leone, June 30, as a prize to the British ship Falcon, still remained in port. She had 550 slaves on board when captured. It is intimated that the name of the barque was assumed for the purpose of deception, as no such barque is owned in Boston. The officers and crew were to be sent to England.


More Newspaper Visitations--The office of the Easton, Pa., Sentinel newspaper was assailed by a mob, on Monday, and as the dispatch has it, "was gutted." The paper advocated "peace and compromise." Col. Johnson, M.C. elect, was burned in effigy, and made to show his colors.

On the same evening, at Haverhill in this state, Ambrose L. Kimball, nominal editor and proprietor of the Essex County Democrat, was taken from his house in Haverhill by a mob of several hundred citizens, led down to the centre of town, made to strip himself of his clothing, and then liberally coated with tar, and afterwards covered with feathers. He was then placed astride a rail, ridden around town and over to Bradford, then brought back and made to kneel before the crowd and promise that he would print no more articles "against the North--so help me God!" He was then escorted home, and the crowd giving three cheers, quietly dispersed.


A Great Abuse--Out of sixty of the regular United States naval commanders, not less than thirty are reported disqualified by age for active duty. They decline to retire on the allowance of $1700 granted by congress, when, by continuing in the service, they draw $4000 to $5000. The service, however, is sadly crippled in consequence.

FORT MONROE--Speaking of the efforts to clean out whiskey from the camp, the Advertiser's correspondent says: "We are all in it, from the General down to the private. Cock-tails are at an alarming discount--because you can't find them--and whiskey is no where. He would be a bold fellow who could muster up sufficient courage to open a hotel here about this time. 'He couldn't keep one' without dealing out liquid fire, and we are all down on that sort of thing. Some of your returned Massachusetts officers undertook to put down all the whiskey to be found on this peninsula, and, to tell the truth, they steamed us out of the article pretty effectively." If the reports from the rebel army are to be credited, they are decidedly ahead of us in the enforcement of the regulations touching whiskey and its concomitants.


The Rebel Prisoners--The Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Press reports that the Cabinet has recently been discussing its policy in regard to rebel prisoners. He says one of teh president's advisers is in favor, as he expresses it, of "discarding all squeamish nonsense, and of hanging every rebel found in arms against the government, whether taken on sea or land." The writer adds--

This is undoubtedly the course that ought to be taken, if the government regards this matter as simply an "insurrection." This is the view taken of it by President Lincoln; and he, too, although he deplores the necessity of such a course as will show to the world that we are in earnest in this matter, and that traitors found in arms against the government must expect and receive a traitor's doom. But the Secretary of State is in favor of a milder, and as he thinks, of a wiser course of policy. He admits that, by the strict rules of war, the Southern privateersmen are pirates, ad to hang them might be justifiable; but he says, necessity has led us to disregard former constitutional provisions since the commencement of this strife. In this instance, the same necessity would seem to dictate a relaxation of the strict rule of law. If we hang these men, the rebels will hang Mr. Ely, Colonel Corcoran and Colonel Wilcox, and then we in retaliation will hang Mr. Faulkner and the prisoners at Fort Lafayette. Thus there will be no end to the horrors.


Naval Affairs--The New York Evening Post closes an article upon The Navy with the following remark: "There is reason to believe that the public does not know all that is going on in the coast-guard fleet. There is silence before action; and though we are not permitted to be more explicit, we may say that before many days there is reason to expect that we shall hear of an important blow struck by our navy. We are not likely to know of it so soon as the enemy, because he will feel it. But let us be patient."


From California--The pony express brings some later advises from the Pacific shore. The markets were rather quiet.

There are five places in San Francisco where recruiting is going on for the Plains. Three hundred are booked for infantry regiments, and two hundred for cavalry. Official orders from Washington have not yet been received.

A great fire in Sonora, on the 7th, destroyed Hall's bookstore, the Placer Hotel, Union saloon, Great Eastern saloon, and Sonora Fashion stables. The post-office, five or six valuable dwellings, and many other buildings were destroyed. Loss $85,000.

The telegraph has now been extended 140 mile east of Churchill. All the wire required to complete it to Salt Lake has gone over the road.


Harper's Ferry--A soldier in the 2d Massachusetts writes, Aug. 17, to the Boston Journal--

"No enemy yet. The thing is getting monotonous here. Daily rumors there are of mighty forces here--an advance of a vast amount of artillery and horsemen there--but, like Vesuvius to the melancholy Englishman who looked into it, "there is nothing in it." We plant our cannon, bivouac our me, send out our pickets and scour the country, all in vain. We bag no enemy except stragglers. Since Bull Run, they are no better-minded to attack us beyond their masked batteries, and we do not mean to attack them till we get ready this time."

AUGUST 22, 1861


Correspondence of the New York Herald

U.S. Steamer Rhode Island
Key West, Aug. 8, 1861

Since my last of the 3d inst., we have been going steadily on our voyage south, stopping at the different blockading divisions only long enough to supply them with provisions, &c. On the 4th inst., we came to anchor off Charleston harbor, where we found the frigate Roanoke, steam gunboat Seminole and sloop Vandalia. The day was clear and beautiful, and Fort Sumter and the distant spires of Charleston full in sight. The rebel flag could be seen with the glass, flying on the ramparts as proudly as if it had a right to be there. About noon a small object was discovered by the quartermaster on watch, which he supposed to be a duck; but on closer inspection it proved to be a small boat approaching us from shore. The boat contained two  runaway slaves, who reported that they had left James Island the night before, and that they belonged to Mr. Lawson. hey were stalwart looking Negroes, and one of them quite intelligent. On questioning them as to the cause of their deserting their master, they said, "He whipped them too much, and they would not stand it." After devouring about six pounds of duff we sent them on board the Roanoke. They were sent back to us again, and put in the engineer's department, where they will be useful as coal passers. They report very few soldiers at Charleston. The Seminole, which I mentioned in my last  as having been run into by the Wabash, reports that the collision occurred at night, and that the Wabash mistook her for the Sumter, and ran down upon them for the purpose of engaging, and only discovered the mistake in time to prevent giving her a broadside. The Seminole lost her bowsprit and head gear. The Wabash was uninjured. If the Wabash had fired she would have sunk the Seminole immediately, as the latter sits low in the water, and every shot would have told on her decks and hull. We supplied the Roanoke and Vandalia with fresh provisions, which will prove very acceptable, as they have been on salt "grub" for nearly two months. The Roanoke relieved the Wabash to go to Old Point for coal. On her return (in about two weeks)  the Roanoke will go down the Gulf. Yesterday morning, about six o'clock, we chased a small schooner, that took refuge close to shore, where she anchored and fired a shot at us, which fell short and far ahead. Unfortunately our rifled gun would not reach, or we would have given him a dose that he would have remembered for his impertinence.

August 5 we came to anchor off Tybee light, Savannah, where we found the frigate St. Lawrence. They were very glad to see us, as they had been without fresh provisions for six weeks.

The sloop Macedonian and steamer Crusader are here at Key West. We sail early tomorrow morning for Fort Pickens, to stop here on our way back.

The sloop Preble, Capt. French commanding, arrived at this port morning of the 9th, from Boston and the blockaded ports of the Atlantic coast. She has touched here for supplies of wood and water, procuring which, she will sail for the ports in the Gulf.

The razee frigate Macedonian, Captain Glynn, has received a thorough overhauling since her arrival at this station, and she is now at anchor off Fort Taylor, ready for sea. We do not know her destination. It is most likely Pensacola.

Treason Hatching in Illinois--We find the following paragraph in the Chicago Tribune--

"A gentleman arrived here from St. Louis a day or two since, informed us that a deputation of the "K.G.C.s"2 from St. Louis came up to Chicago in the same train with him, and from conversation he is satisfied that they came with the intention of organizing the secessionists--of whom there are probably fifty or sixty--into a secret organization, for the purpose of  aiding their brethren of St. Louis, by sending them information of the movements of troops to St. Louis and other points to the aid of the Union men of Missouri. Since the battle of Bull Run the secessionists have been quite bold and insulting, and they probably imagine that they can now venture to do what they have all along desired to do, but dared not. Some of them have long earned their living out of the free North, and now they are dastardly enough to turn around and spit in the faces of those who fed them."

Lynching--We commend to the people of Haverhill the following sound reflections of the Providence Journal--

"We are sorry to see that some men in the North choose to show their patriotism by violence towards newspapers which express sympathy with the South. We abhor the sentiments of these secession editors as profoundly as anybody, but we are grieved to see them the victims of lawlessness. We know full well how mischievous they are, how they poison the minds of men who see no paper but theirs. But there are peaceful means entirely adequate to the destruction of their influence, and even of their very existence. The withdrawal of patronage by advertisers and subscribers would soon close the career of any of these obnoxious papers. For we do not believe that any northern secessionist is zealous enough to publish a paper without remuneration. Let us leave lynch law to the men who have had the unenviable distinction of practicing it for years, and confine ourselves to those peaceful and lawful remedies which have sufficed before."

Privateers Guarded Against--The present state of things causes the introduction of some classes of rather strange appearance in some advertisements of shipping:

"For Havana--First Vessel--The A1 clipper barque _____. This vessel will go well armed with Cannon and Small Arms, to keep off Privateers."

"Shippers will please bear in mind that the _____, on account of being a Maryland vessel, is not liable to interception by cruisers or privateers of the Southern Confederacy, and therefore that goods by her are not subject to extra insurance."

"Steamer _____, to call from this Port on the 6th of each Month, armed with Rifled Cannon."

It is an interesting inquiry, what would happen if one of these vessels well-armed should be attacked by a privateer and, instead of being taken, should happen to make a capture in self-defense. Apparently no one could object.

Passports to be Required--The necessity of obtaining passports in order to leave the country or enter it will no doubt be a vexatious change, after the facilities which we have had so long for visiting other countries. At present, however, we cannot help regarding the temporary adoption of this system as a wise and even necessary measure. We suppose that no one doubts that the rebels keep up their communications with Europe, and both send and receive dispatches, through the Northern ports. An emissary has just been seized in New York with funds in his possession, obtained abroad for the confederate States. There can be no reasonable practical objection to measures for stopping all proceedings of this sort in future.

The Dry Goods Trade--It is reported that one of the largest jobbing houses in New York offers to discount its own paper maturing before October, at ten per cent. per annum. As this period covers [the] heaviest payments, the offer indicates a greatly improved state of things.

Lack of confidence is now the chief obstacle to a steady improvement. The system on which a large part of the business has been conducted has been a vast system of gambling, and has effectually disguised the real standing of houses in this trade. It is now hoped that with more prudence on the part of merchants, there will be more discrimination on the part of lenders, and a recovery from the paralyzing effects of universal distrust.


Schooner J. W. Webster, arrived here today from Aspinwall, reports that she was chased on the 12th in lat. 22, lon. 83 by a long black schooner, supposed to be a privateer, but outsailed her.

The barque Cordelia arrived here today from Monrovia, was chased on the 10th in lat. 22, lon. 67 by a schooner supposed to be a privateer.

The gunboat Keystone State left St. Thomas on the 8th in search of the privateer Sumter, which put into Port Spain, Trinidad, to call and land the captain of the barque Joseph Maxwell.

The Jeff. Davis was seen in Mosa passage on the 11th, where she took a schooner.

AUGUST  23, 1861



The Philadelphia Press--The Regiment was encamped in the suburbs of Washington, and on Wednesday morning were ordered to march into Virginia, but refused to obey. They had been paid off, and many of them were intoxicated, liquors having been surreptitiously introduced into the camp. Col. Stevens endeavored to restore order and discipline, as did also Gen. Sickles.

A large part of the regiment was disarmed by Gen. Sickles, and the remainder, whom he considered trustworthy, were placed over the encampment as a guard. No persuasion could induce the men to return to their duty, and it was found that nothing but the severest measures could be of any avail. Gen. McClellan directed Gen. Porter, the Provost Marshal, to see that discipline was enforced, and the marshal speedily surrounded the regiment by a large force of regular troops. The men were then ordered to fall in, which they did, except a few who were too intoxicated. The regiment marched a short distance in tolerable good order, although the soldiers manifested a defiant and disagreeable spirit, after which they were brought to a halt, and again surrounded by the regular troops. The orders of Gen. McClellan were then read to them. They were in substance as follows:

:He stated that he had heard with pain and sorrow of the disaffection which existed among the members of the 79th regiment; that he had listened attentively to their alleged grievances, and after examining them with care was compelled to say that they were of the most frivolous character. At a time like this, when the country needed the services of her children, the exhibition of such a spirit as that manifested by the 79th could only come from the basest motives which could actuate the soldier, and would lead to the belief that their conduct was prompted by cowardice. As a punishment he ordered that the regiment should be deprived of its colors until, by future good behavior and honorable service on the field of battle, its solders showed themselves worthy to bear them. The ringleaders of the mutiny were to be placed in arrest, and the regiment was to be ordered immediately to fall in by company and march to the quarters assigned them in Virginia, and if they refused to obey this order, they were to be fired upon."

A Washington letter says the vigorous measures adopted with this regiment will have an excellent effect in the future discipline of volunteers and will undoubtedly make them feel that war is earnest work and not mere child's play. There were some five other New York regiments similarly disaffected. It appears that some of the officers of the 79th amused the men when they were enlisted, with the idea that they should have furlough after a few weeks' service, and this was the chief cause of the trouble, altho' it is also said they were dissatisfied with their officers.


New York, August 17--The Herald reports the discovery of an attempt to blow up Fort Columbus, on Governor's Island. Four men are represented to have gone there Monday night, with the intention of laying a train3 to blow up the magazine and destroy several hundred tons of powder, and a large number of soldiers quartered there. The authors of the infamous scheme escaped.

Naval Preparations

The New York Evening Post--Within a few days we shall have ready and at sea nearly, if not quite, four hundred and fifty vessels; and the nation will have the satisfaction of knowing that every one of this great fleet is perfectly fitted for the uses which are to made of it. The labor of creating such a navy as this is not slight. The time in which it has been done is not long. It might, perhaps, have been made less if the government had purchased, without inquiry or examination, every vessel that has been offered it; but then we should have ahd the navy to make over again, as we have had the army to re-create.



Twenty-three gun boats are being built in New England ports, and in New York and Philadelphia, for the Government, most of which, by the terms of contract, will be ready for delivery by the close of August. Though nominally gun-boats, they will be in size, strength and armament, equal almost to the first class ships of war. The complement of men required to man each is understood to be under two hundred. One of these boats was launched in New York on Friday and two more on Saturday. The Evening Post gives the following description of these boats:

"They are to be of equal dimensions, and nearly similar as it is possible to make them. The extreme length is one hundred and sixty-six feet, the width twenty-eight feet, and the depth of hold twelve feet. The timber is mostly white oak, and the knees, braces and fastenings are of the strongest and most complete description. The draft of water, it is calculated, will be about nine feet.

"The armament will consist of twelve 32-pounders, with a pivot gun amidships--probably a Columbiad of the heaviest description. A smaller pivot gun may be placed on the forecastle deck.

"The vessels will be schooner-rigged and propelled by two screws, driven by two back-action engines, with thirty inch cylinders, each complete in itself. An auxiliary will also be on board.

"The speed to be obtained from the steam power alone is reckoned to be fourteen to fifteen knots an hour. Thus these vessels will be faster than any other war craft afloat. The speed of the English gunboats is scarcely more than nine or ten knots."


Thirty-three of the Federal soldiers who were held as prisoners at Manassas, have escaped handsomely and returned to Washington. David Glendenning, of Portland, Me., with thirty-two others, was taken prisoner on Sunday afternoon at Bull Run, by Johnston's reserve, in front of the angular battery of the rebels. They were taken thence to a new guard house, erected about half or three-quarters of a mile back in the woods from Manassas. The rebels every day entreated them to  join their ranks, and made them very flattering propositions. Their fare in the guard-house was bad enough, although a pint of brandy a day was given each.

They were all heavily manacled, and many were chained to the walls. Fortunately for them, a file was accidentally found, with which they had so weakened their irons  that on Saturday night last they made a rush upon their guard and effected their escape. One lieutenant and a single sentinel were posted at the only egress from the guard-house. These were killed, and the whole thirty-three made quick time through the woods to Jackson Heights, and from thence to Washington. They all arrived in New York Wednesday evening. Mr. Glendenning says that he has enlisted in the Maine Seventh, and after he has been to Portland shall return in a few days tot he army, and that twenty-three of his fellow prisoners will accompany him. He says, further, that they are all old soldiers, and have seen service before.


The Income Tax--It may not have been generally noticed that the act levying taxes upon incomes goes into effect on the 1st of January next, not on the 1st of April, 1862, as the original draft of the bill provided. Moreover, the tax is payable on incomes received during the present year. The forty-ninth section of the act contains this clause:

"The tax herein provided shall be assessed upon the annual income of the persons hereinafter named for the year preceding the time for assessing said tax, to wit: the year next preceding the first of Jan., eighteen hundred and sixty-two."

All persons, therefore, who are in receipt of incomes exceeding eight hundred dollars a year must pay their tax at the rate of three per cent. for the whole of the present year.

 AUGUST 24, 1861



The public have been pained to learn recently of disaffections and mutinies in several of the Union regiments at Washington and at Fortress Monroe. These troubles have arisen ostensibly from the treatment of members of the unsatisfied regiments. It will surprise many people, perhaps, if it is suggested that sympathizers with the rebels have no little to  do with these unpleasant occurrences. The Northern tories are exceedingly prompt to seize upon any reported failure of the government to meet its obligations to the volunteers, and by exciting the uneasiness of the friends of the soldiers they occasion numerous letters of uncalled-for sympathy, which give the uncertain and unreliable rumors of the camp an air of authenticity. It is known to be the fact that some of the acts of insubordination have been egged on by this means. Friends of volunteers should be very cautious how they give credence in their letters to the many unfounded stories set afloat by sympathizers with the rebels. Government means to do its whole duty by the volunteers, and if it fail in any respect for the time, the neglect will never fail to be repaired with all possible haste.


Aug. 23--The steamer Samuel Orr, an Evansville and Paducah mail packet, was seized by the rebels at Paducah yesterday, and taken up the Tennessee river. Her officers and crew left her and came to Cairo in skiffs. Her cargo was valued at $20,000.

It is reported that the rebels at Paducah sent to Union City for some 64 pounders, for some thousand rebels commanded by Kitchell, who are reported to be at Benton, Mo., fortifying themselves. They have nine 24 pounders.


Cleveland, Aug. 23--The Stark County Democrat, a secession sheet in Stark county, Ohio, was entirely destroyed last night by some volunteers of that place.

West Chester, Pa., Aug. 23--Deputy Marshals Jenkins and Schuyler, by order of the U.S. Marshal, took possession of the Jeffersonian newspaper building, with its contents, this afternoon, to await further orders from Washington.


The Time to Compromise--Senator Johnson, of Tennessee, tells us when it will be proper to compromise with armed traitors. In a recent speech he said:

"I am speaking of the talk about compromise. Traitors and rebels are standing with arms in their hands, and it is said we must go forward and compromise with them. They are in the wrong; they are making war upon the Government; they are trying to upturn and destroy our free institutions. I say to them that the compromise I have to make under existing circumstances is, ground your arms; obey the laws; acknowledge the supremacy of the Constitution; when you do that I will talk to you about compromise. All the compromise I have to make is the Constitution of the United States."


The Superintendant of the Housatonic railroad has forbidden the sale of the New York Daily News upon the trains of that road, on account of its traitorous tendencies.


Washington, Aug. 23--The State Department received a letter from the United States consul at Curaçao dated the 7th inst., in which he says that according to the statement of a runaway seaman, an Englishman named Ord, from the privateer Sumter, she was not allowed to enter the port of Cienfuegos, but was ordered to anchor below the fort. Her prizes, six in number, went into port. The Sumter after coaling proceeded  to sea immediately, supposing some of our men-of-war were in pursuit. She subsequently captured two American vessels, both loaded with provisions, one named the Joseph Maxwell, of Porto Cabello. She was seen on the 2d inst., in the vicinity of Maturin, on the coast of Venezuela, proceeding to the windward, and it is supposed that she continued her course through the windward passage to capture vessels there.

The Consul had on the day of writing, called on the Governor of the Island, requesting an answer to his question, whether the Sumter would again be admitted into port should she reappear.

The Governor, in his reply, assured him that she would not, on the ground that since she left there she had been capturing vessels on the main, and as he desired to occupy a strict neutrality, according to his orders, he could not permit the Island to be made a starting point for the Sumter.

The Consul also questioned the Governor in regard to other vessels under the same flag and commission; when he stated that should such another such vessel appear, he would act according to the circumstances.

The Consul adds: "I am of opinion that the Governor has committed himself in admitting the Sumter here, and now desires to arrange the affair. The majority of the people of Curaçao  are of the same opinion."



It has been estimated that over Two hundred Dollars are paid to swindling quacks annually, in New England alone; and that, too, without any benefit to those who pay it. The greater part of this sum comes out of a class of persons who are the least able to lose it, but once paid they can never get it back, and they are compelled to suffer the wrong in silence, not daring expose the cheat, even to their most intimate friends. All this comes from trusting without inquiry to men who are alike destitute of honor, character or skill, and whose only recommendation is their own faire and extravagant assertions in praise of themselves. If, therefore, you would avoid being humbugged, take no man's word, no matter what his pretensions are, but MAKE INQUIRY.

DR. MATTISON is the only educated physician in Providence, if not in New England, who makes a specialty of Private Diseases, and he gives the very best references and testimonials, both of his honesty and his skill. If there ARE any others LET THEM DO THE SAME; otherwise you had better keep away from them.

Orders by mail promptly attended to. Write your address plainly, and direct to DR. H. N. MATTISON at Dr. Mattison's Remedial Institute for Special Diseases, No. 28 Union street, Providence, R. I.

1 This is Napoleon III, emperor of France throughout the American Civil War, not Napoleon Bonaparte.

2 Knights of the Golden Circle; see

3 Meaning, "laying a train of gunpowder."


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