late and important
From Nassau, N. P.

The steamer Ida, Capt. Clapp, arrived in port this morning, from Nassau, having left New York on the 21st ult., and Nassau on the 31st. He reports:

Loss of U.S. Steamer Adirondack

The United States war steamer Adirondack was wrecked by going on shore at Elbow Key, Abaco, a dangerous reef in the Straits of Florida, on the 20th ult.

Capt. Clapp reports her to be a total loss, and says that the crew were taken off by the U.S gunboat R.R. Cuyler. . .

The Adirondack was a navy-built gunboat, of 1020 tons, and carried 13 guns. She was built at New York.

Confederate Steamers, &c., at Nassau.

Capt. Clapp informs us that there were four steamers at Nassau, under British colors, waiting to run the blockade.

Also, that the steamer Kate arrived at Nassau from Charleston, S.C., on the 29th ult., having made thirteen successful trips.

And that the steamer Oreto was fitting out at Cardena as a privateer, under the name of the Florida.

The Guardian, of the 30th, say that the Kate, above alluded to, having sickness on board, had been placed in quarantine at Nassau. By her, the editor acknowledges having received a copy of the Charleston Mercury, of the 21st ult., containing President Davis’s message to Congress.


Richmond Printers Getting Obstreperous.
From the Richmond Examiner, 11th ult.

We are compelled to present the reader with a short paper, and probably will have to do so for some time to come. The journeymen printers of this city, taking advantage of the fact that all persons of their trade subject to military duty, and not exempted by employment in newspaper offices, are enrolled in the army by the conscription act, have formed a combination to extort terms which the price of this paper renders us unable to afford. We had already raised the wages to the highest point permitted by the rise of paper and printing material; and are unwilling to be made the victims of further extortion. We ask the patience of our readers until we can obtain other workmen; and we inform all competent journeymen printers elsewhere that the proprietor of this paper will guarantee them protection, a permanent situation and the highest price per thousand ems.


A Novel Scene.—A member of the Massachusetts 13th Regiment, writing a day or two after the battle of Cedar Mountain, speaks as follows of the proceedings subsequent to the battle:

“Day before yesterday the battle field was under the white flag, and open to all parties. It was a novel sight to see the Yankees and secesh lying on the grass side by side, debating the war question. Then you would see a group of four playing euchre—two of our soldiers against two of theirs. The two armies, for the time being, were on the most friendly terms. There was no danger of disturbance, as no arms were allowed on the field by either party.”


Extensive Counterfeiting.
From the Richmond Whig, 12th ult.

The Lynchburg Virginian says that William C. Hewitt, of Liberty, proprietor of the Hewitt House, has been detected in passing counterfeit money on the Bank of Bainbridge, Georgia, and the Central Bank of Alabama. The notes were printed in this city, upon the order of Roger L. Martin, purporting to be in the hospital at Liberty, though no such person was ever there. Hewitt, or his son, were agents of the express company, and of course received the packages of notes that were sent by express. Information was sent to the Central Bank of the fact that these notes were in circulation, and an officer of the bank was sent on to investigate the case. He arrived incognito at the Hewitt house, and received one of the spurious notes in change. Hewitt was thereupon arrested and lodged in jail last Friday.

On Saturday his case underwent investigation, and he was sent on for further trial. There were printed $31,500 of the Central Bank notes, of the denomination of 2, 3 and 4 dollars, signed B. Bon, President, and P. Cam, Cashier. Of the notes of the Merchants’ Bank of Bainbridge, $4,000 in all were printed. They are signed J. S. Long, Cashier. Many of these notes are supposed to be circulating in Franklin, and the people are cautioned against them. It is supposed that Hewitt circulated from 5,000 to 10,000 of the Liberty Saving Bank notes. These were scarcely less fraudulent upon their faces than the others, as no such institution is in existence. Hewitt is now in jail at Liberty.


Travel to the White Mountains.—The Boston Transcript, which may be considered as, in some sort, the historiographer of the White Mountains, says;

The rush of travel to the White Mountains has been greater the past few weeks than for many years, and some of the most popular hotels of the region have never been thronged by such crowds of visitors as they are at the present time. Billiard room, ten-pin alleys, harness rooms, and even coaches, have been used for lodgers, and as usual on such occasions, those who fail to secure comfortable quarters meet with rather hard fare for pleasure travellers. Some of the houses away from the great lines of travel have had three times as many applications for accommodations as they could furnish.


Western Emigration.—A Salt Lake letter dated the 1st ult., says:

Emigration has been very extensive from the East to California this year. Our streets are daily crowded with “pilgrims.” Salmon river has had a large accession from Denver and from Western States. The merchants have done a stirring business, and the products of the country are very low, flour averaging $3 per hundred pounds.

The Mormon emigration is still far back on the plains, and will be late in getting in. It is reported the largest emigration ever en route for Mormondom.


Boston Marine.—The Boston Transcript says that twenty-three Indiamen are now on their way to Boston, a larger number than for several years. Four ships are also on their way from San Francisco, and about twenty from Europe. The larger portion of our ships now proceed to New York for outward freights, as Boston cannot furnish cargoes of breadstuffs and provisions.


The New Rebel Steamer
“No. 290."

According to the following statement, furnished by the London correspondent of the Dublin Evening Mail, the new rebel steamer “No. 290,” which has just given the Tuscarora the slip, is an iron clad and very formidable vessel:

She can steam from 16 to 18 knots an hour; is perfectly  seaworthy; for all practical purposes invulnerable, and will prove to any vessel she may encounter as formidable an antagonist as our own Warrior, the boast of the British navy. This is the “No. 290,” as to whose whereabouts Union cruisers have with reasons betrayed such anxiety. It had been known for some time that a large and powerful iron vessel was constructing at the dockyard of Messrs. Laird & Birkenhead; but monsters of the deep are so much the order of the day at that establishment that no one troubled his head much about this new production, or cared to remark the great thickness of the plates which were being used.

At the very last moment the Federal authorities seem to have had their suspicions aroused, for the Tuscarora was dispatched to keep watch in the neighborhood of the dock where she lay, and the southern coast of Ireland was also strictly watched. “No. 290,” meanwhile, apprised of all that was going on, dropped down the river quietly one day, and steamed out into the bay, nominally for her trial trip—with a party of ladies and musicians on board. Instead, however, of returning to her moorings at Birkenhead, where she would have been kept in durance vile by the Tuscarora, she quietly landed her passengers, avoiding Cork, Waterford, &c., in the neighborhood of which she might have heard something not at all to her advantage.

No. 290” steamed round by Londonderry and Donegal, and was joined off the west coast of Ireland by the steamer which had previously sailed, having on board the armament intended for the “Ironsides.”


The Great Battles.

We make up our paper to-day, to a great extent, from the Richmond Enquirer of the 3d instant—the only Richmond paper of that date which came through the mails of yesterday, and for that copy we were indebted to Mr. Bowdre.

The reader will find in the editorial upon the battles, and the copious extracts from Northern papers, probably of the 30th, as they report the fight of the 28th, much to interest him.

They leave no doubt that the enemy has been completely outgeneraled—his positions turned, and the main body of our army interposed between him and his cities of refuge—Alexandria and Washington. The only way of escape left open to them was in the direction of Leesburg, whither they are reported to be fleeing. But we think it doubtful whether even this road may not be blocked, as the Northern accounts speak of Confederate troops being seen in that region.

But should the enemy take that route, closely pursued by the Confederates, it may well be doubted whether he will not be driven to a stand at the Potomac, or find the act of crossing a fatal experiment.

On the whole, the news seems to inspire a reasonable and likely hope that the Grand Army has been destroyed.

It will also be seen from the Northern news that McClellan had joined Pope with a new army, or his old one greatly reinforced with new troops, so that the Grand Combined Army was much larger than we had previous account or conception of. It was no doubt upwards of a hundred thousand strong.

The whole North was in an agony of suspense about its fate. The Herald’s army correspondent, writing within the sound of the cannon of the combating hosts, on Thursday, says that the war itself hinges upon the result. The thunder of the guns was heard distinctly in the Federal capital, but that there must still have been great confidence among the Lincolnites, is clear from the fact mentioned in the press telegrams of yesterday, that some fifty civilians of Washington were spectators of the Grand Fight on Saturday, all of whom were captured.

But on Saturday night, if we may credit the reports mentioned by the Examiner, an awful panic followed the news of the defeat, in which all self possession was lost, and both the bridges across the Potomac, leading into Washington, were blown up, so as to impede the advance of the Southern armies. If that be true, it shows a perfect madness of panic, because it would cut off the retreat of their own army for all they knew to the contrary, and would break their connection with their own defences at Arlington Heights on this side of the river. These considerations may well inspire a doubt of the story. But the whole complexion of the news is most cheering and leads us to hope that our highest aspirations as to the thorough demoralization of the Federal grand army will all be realized when we get the full facts.

The large amount of commissary and ordnance stores captured are vastly important to the future operations of our forces, and the loss of the Federal Generals, Siegel, McDowell and Pope will add to the embarrassments of the enemy.


A Rich Haul in the Chesapeake.—On Friday night last, a Yankee steamer, having some twelve or fifteen loaded barges in tow, passed up the bay from Fortress Monroe in a heavy gale, and upon reaching a point opposite the counties of Matthews and Middlesex, seven of the barges broke from their tow lines and were dashed ashore. The citizens next morning took possession of them, and captured nine Yankees who were thrown with them on the shore, each of whom was armed with a musket, and after the contents of the boats were secured, they were marched into a safer locality by Lieutenant Fitzhugh, of the Matthews cavalry.

One of the barges contained one hundred and thirty 13 inch shells, 100 Enfield rifles, 5,000 knapsacks, and other articles. Two others were loaded with wagons and harness. Another contained numerous boxes of axes and engine tools, overcoats, baggage, &c. Others contained tents and tent poles, eighteen boxes of haversacks, (about 2,800 in each) and all sorts of army equipments. The prisoners, while in the custody of Lieut. Fitzhugh, were under the belief that a large force of rebels were in the vicinity, and submitted docilely.—Richmond Inquirer.

, 1862

Letter from New Orleans.—From a letter of a soldier in General Butler’s division, dated 22d ult., we are allowed to make some extracts:

I returned last evening from a five-days chase after guerrillas, and after fifteen hours sleep I feel smart enough to write a letter. Last Saturday afternoon, Lieut. Perkins received an order from headquarters to go up the coast about fifteen or twenty miles beyond our lines with his company, where it was expected he would meet an armed force, the strength of which he was to ascertain, and to whip them if he could. I immediately procured an order to join the company as 1st lieutenant (Perkins acting as captain). We started in the night and reached Kenner, eighteen miles above the city of New Orleans, where we halted through the day and started again in the night and marched ten miles to the plantation of Judge Kass (Confederate States minister to Spain), where we left some of our horses that had become lame or tired, and with his plantation horses, which are always good saddle horses, we moved on to McHuckin’s plantation, where we had been informed there was a band of guerrillas, but we found only three men. These were armed with shot guns and were intended to forma  police, to prevent Negroes from running away. We took away their guns, threw them into the river, and let the men go. We then destroyed his boats, took ten fine horses from the stable, and started on. After a few moments we found there were several Negroes mixed in with our men mounted on their master’s horses. These we had to turn out, as it was against orders to take them. I was never more surprised than to see the insubordination existing among the Negroes. They knew more about the real cause and effects of this war than many white people do, and they openly manifest their hatred of Southern men and their love for the “Yanks;” nor did the threats of their masters, which we sometimes overheard, make any difference. They seemed to care for nothing but to get a chance to serve us, in some way or other. One boy, who was half white, begged of me to take him along, and would not leave me. I asked him if he knew the swamps; he said, “Yes,” and I gave him a cold roast chicken and canteen of water, and told him where he could find me in New Orleans. I have not seen him yet, but I hope he will get here safe. There is no mistaking the feeling that exists among the Negroes. If they are not helped, they will help themselves before long. We lived on the wealthiest planters we could find, making them kill and cook fresh veal and mutton for our men, furnish grain for our horses, and seat us officers at their own table. It was hard for those old secessionists to sit and eat with “Yankee mud-sills,” but we were well armed and they thought it their duty to treat us kindly, and we managed to eat the best they had. We reached a point fifty-six miles above the city, and encamped on the very ground that a band of guerrillas had left the day we started from here. On the road up we saw very few young men, most of whom were so frightened that they ran away to the swamps, and left their Negroes alone on the plantations. Many of them had flags of truce hung on the gates before their houses, but they ventured out to look at us at us as were coming back, and our boys—seventy in number—sang “John Brown,” “Hang Jeff Davis,” &c. Gen. Butler had issued an order to organize a brigade of free Negroes in the city. Gen. Phelps has a full regiment of fugitive slaves drilling at Carrolton—they are not armed. My health is good.


The Labor Question.—The Cairo Gazette makes mention of an immense influx of Negroes at this point, and remarks that what they will find to do is more than it can tell. It says, “If hundreds and hundreds were yet to be poured in upon us, the number here could soon be distributed throughout the country and furnished employment by farmers and gardeners. But, looking upon this as the entrepôt for the thousands who may be freed in the South—as a sort of rendezvous for them until they can see opportunities to do better elsewhere—we cannot dispel from our mind the fear that not only this new population will suffer, but that their presence will so affect the laboring class of white men that the pinch of want will become general.”

Singularly enough, the Peoria Union, of the same week has an article on the scarcity of laborers, which is beginning to be felt throughout Illinois, consequent upon the immense enlistments in the army. Says the Union:

“Farmers are unable to get assistance in securing their crops, though they offer high prices for labor. A gentleman from the country was in our office yesterday and informed us that hundreds of acres of grain yet stand in the shock for want of laborers to stack it. He had offered two dollars a day for a single day, or for a month, yet could get no one to accept a place for either period. We are informed not only the smaller grains but the corn will have to stand out over the winter, on account of the scarcity of farm help.”

So the stern logic of events is teaching the men of Illinois the folly of proscribing people on account of their color. Necessity, it is likely, will be found more powerful than prejudice. When it is found that white laborers cannot be had, we imagine that even the Negro-haters of “Egypt” will consent to have their corn gathered by the new comers who are waiting for work.


The Army and Navy Gazette describes McClellan’s campaign as the most signal failure in this century.

, 1862

Rebels Cross the Potomac.
A Large Force on the Opposite Shore.

Washington, Sept. 6.

Farmers from the upper part of Montgomery county, Maryland, arriving here early to-day, report that heavy firing was heard late yesterday evening in the direction of Noland’s Ferry. They also confirm the rumor that the rebels crossed the river yesterday this side of point of Rocks.

They did not venture any considerable distance from the Potomac. The force consisted of a battalion of cavalry and four pieces of artillery. After remaining a short time they recrossed. There is no doubt of the fact that the rebels in strong force are posted at several points on the opposite shore.

Large bodies of rebel infantry were plainly visible from this side during the day, and the camp fires at night indicated the presence of a larger force of rebels than at first supposed.


The Indian Massacres.—It was hoped that later accounts from the west would show the first statements with regard to the massacres were exaggerated. But it is not so. The first reports are fully confirmed. Gov. Ramsey of Minnesota telegraphed to the President that they could not defend themselves against the Indians and at the same time furnish the full quota to the Government. The President telegraphed back to him to take care of the Indians first, whether he could furnish the quota or not. The Third Minnesota Regiment, which was captured at Murfreesboro, and subsequently released on parole, has been ordered to the frontier. As they cannot fight the rebels, they are put to good use against the Indians.


Voting and Fighting.—When the democratic old town of Haddam votes, she puts in 500 ballots. When this same old democratic town is asked for her enrollment for military service, she furnishes only 132 names! In other towns in the state the enrollment numbers about one half the voters. But in the democratic old town of Haddam only one quarter of the voters are fighting men. Just the difference between a voting democracy and a fighting democracy.


In Portland last week, when the citizens of that place were enjoying a collation on the occasion of the visit home of their company from New Haven, some secessionists expressed their opinions a little too freely. After the collation, one made who had made himself conspicuous by talking against the government was visited by a party of loyal men who gave him the choice of retracting all he had said or taking a ride free gratis on a contrivance commonly called a rail. It was a clear case that he must either ride or retract. He concluded to retract, made an apology, said he was sorry, and would do so no more. The rail was immediately withdrawn.

Another secessionist who said he hoped the whole company would be shot, had his windows broken in the night, an act of violence which, although committed under great provocation, was decidedly wrong.

A Slap at the
Southern Chivalry.

From the London Daily News.

The word “Honor” is for ever on the lips of the Southern Chivalry; but the meaning of that word seems to have long degenerated into the inferior sense of honors received, instead of honorable conduct practiced. The Southern practice of honor is illustrated by the custom of gentlemen debauching their female slaves, in order to increase their chattel property; by Mr. Jefferson Davis’s early practice of repudiation of State debts; by the recent transactions of his government in regard to cotton; by the use his supporters made of their opportunities of office under Mr. Buchanan to steal the national property, and betray the majority of the nation into the hands of a small minority. No Yankee ever had a keener eye for the main chance than the citizens of Mississippi who got hold of foreign money for public works, and then repudiated the debt—the present head of the Confederation impudently counseling that course. No low adventurer ever perpetrated a fouler swindle than Mr. Floyd and his colleagues when they used their position at Washington for alienating the national property, filching the states, and pillaging the treasury of the country. These were the men to institute a Confederate Government which should use the cotton crop—the property of a small number of planters—three times over. What we already know is that the owners were first summoned to yield up their cotton to the Government, receiving bonds for the value, to be redeemed at the end of the war; that this same cotton was then made the basis of paper currency, which is the only money now existing in the Confederate States; that this same cotton is at once held out as security to foreign powers who will lend aid to the Confederate cause, and burned by Government order wherever any store of it can be discovered. It is of a piece with the mode of conduct that the discovery of such stores is made by trick. Brokers in plain clothes prowl among the estates bargaining for cotton which they declare themselves able to send down to port, they survey the stock in its hiding place, go away to arrange the means of transport, and re-appear as soldiers—as the Southern chivalry—to burn the cotton. It is consistent with this tone of manners that the same men who borrowed Northern money while privately plotting secession, now repudiate all debts to the North on the ground of that secession. It is of a piece with such conduct that the Confederate leaders should declare slavery to be their sheet-anchor at home while whispering assurances in Europe that slavery should decline and die out from the date of Southern independence. It is of a piece with all this that Mr. Yancey should have denied the existence, actual and prospective, of the African slave trade, while his coadjutor, Mr. Slidell, was a champion of a renewed slave trade, and while Mr. Yancey himself had not only advocated the traffic in public conventions, but had been fully aware of the actual systematic importation of thousands of Negroes straight from Africa. Mr. Yancey found this country too hot to hold him after these disclosures were made; but Mr. Yancey is considered at home a decidedly favorable specimen of the Southern chivalry.


The recent battles in Virginia have been terribly destructive of human life. In this sacrifice of life New Hampshire has largely shared. Her gallant 2d and 6th Regiments have been through the terrible ordeal, and many a brave son of the Granite State has laid down his life for his country. Many in this vicinity are mourning the loss of loved ones fallen in the strife. To them we would administer comfort—weeping with those that weep. Tears must flow, and friends must fall; but they fall in a holy cause, and a Union cemented in such blood will be a thousand times [more] precious to those to whom it is bequeathed.

Among the names of the killed are those of Lieutenants Fuller and Ames, of Peterborough, two very worthy and respectable young men who leave families to mourn their heroic departure. Lieut. Charles Fuller, a painter and grainer by trade, was doing a successful business, which he left to serve his country in this her greatest need. He has lain down his life in its defence. He leaves a wife and two children. Lieut. T. K. Ames, eldest son of T. P. Ames, had just completed his profession as a lawyer, was an able and ready speaker, and had a bright future before him. He, too, has died for his country. Noble death. No man can do more. He leaves a wife.


Condition of the Rebel Army.—Some of the Rebel prisoners captured on Friday give accounts of their condition. They say that all the food was run out, and they had actually nothing to eat. This was absolutely true, as on overhauling their haversacks, nothing in the way of food could be found except two or three apples, an ear or two of green corn, and in a few cases a little old corn. They say that over four hundred of our men were captured at Manassas and neighborhood, but that Jackson, after taking their names, allowed them to go, not having food to give them. Others, who were captured on Saturday afternoon, say that they had nothing to eat all day, and appeared almost famished. Some say the whole Southern army was in the fight, and that if they were whipped here, the South could yet send five hundred thousand more in a very few weeks, and we could never whip Jackson unless we had twice his force. The prisoners say they are heartily tired of fighting, and that if the people would let the officers settle it between themselves it would soon be over, and that if they ever got back to their homes they would never be caught fighting again. A lieutenant who was captured said that 150,000 attempted to get through Thoroughfare Gap, but that only 100,000 were able to do so. The forces, he continues, were commanded by Ewell, Hill and Jackson. He further said that Jackson had been heard to say that in the neighborhood of Manassas he had fought his first battle in the war, and that if he was defeated he would fight there last.


No Female Nurses Wanted.—We are requested to repeat what we have previously said, that no female nurses are wanted at the hospitals near Washington. Ladies will save themselves unnecessary trouble in calling upon the Surgeon General or the Medical Director, if they will remember this.

Prize Money to be Distributed.—The sum of $50,000 was, on Friday, sent to Washington by the Prize Court of Philadelphia. This sum is the proceeds of a single sale of a prize vessel condemned and sold in that port. The whole sum will be divided among the officers and crew of a single vessel. Over $300,000 more will be sent on for the same purpose during the next week.


Evacuation of Fredericksburg.—This place, as has been already stated, was evacuated on Saturday afternoon. There was quite  panic the previous evening among the Union people, and much rejoicing among the secessionists, who became all at once extremely numerous and bold, because of the approach of a confederate reconnoitering party to the city—probably to find out whether or no it might be evacuated. Matters, however, proceeded coolly, and among the preparations for removal were those of a great many Negro families, whose affection for their owners prompted them to keep on the Federal side of the fence. A very great number of blacks, old and young, left. A Washington correspondent gives the following account of the evacuation:

“After the order for the removal of the commissary and quartermaster’s stores to Acquia Creek, the roads leading from Fredericksburg thither were filled with wagons conveying the property to the creek. Preparations for the destruction of certain property were made as follows: In Fredericksburgh a large machine shop, where the railroad engines have been repaired, was undermined with powder, and a the last moment was blown up. The destruction of the three bridges across the Rappahannock was accomplished by covering the woodwork with pitch and setting fire to them after the troops had left the city. At Falmouth, on the other side of the Rappahannock, all the newly erected government bakehouses, constructed for baking bread for the army in that vicinity, were demolished. The railroad depot was burned in the same manner as the bridges. A large amount of lumber at the depot was also destroyed. The railroad engine and cars were left at Acquia Creek. Gen. Burnside himself superintended the removal of the troops and stores, and the destruction of the property which could not be carried off. Two hundred barrels of flour were among the articles destroyed. Everything was conducted in perfect order. Our troops at Acquia Creek are under the full protection of the gunboats of the Potomac flotilla, and are prepared to meet the enemy at any place we now occupy. The flames of the conflagration illuminated the sky in the evening. There is a possibility that some of the houses in the city may have caught fire and been devoured by the flames.”

, 1862

The War with the Indians.

Extracts from a letter written to Ezra Carter, Jr., Esq., of this city, by W.W. Eastman, dated at Minneapolis, Minn., Sept 1st, 1862:

“We have war—war—and Indian war, here. The Indians were about 125 miles from here, at Forts Ridgley on the Minnesota rover, and Ripley on the Mississippi river, but as yet there has not been any trouble up the Mississippi river. The Commissioner from Washington has gone up there with a force to make a treaty. The agent, Walker, shot himself. He was crazy for fear the Indians were going to kill him, as they gave out word they were going to. They did not like him, and Hole-in-the-Day, the Chief, went to Washington last spring to get him removed, but could not, and was bound to clean him out.

“But the Indians on the Minnesota river have murdered a large number of people, and it is reported that they have 200 women and children as prisoners. They tried four days to take Fort Ridgely, but could not. Our forces arrived there last Monday, and they have gone on beyond. We are to follow them, but they move so slow (our men) that it is feared that they will not overtake them. They found three children nailed up to the side of a house with spikes driven through their wrists—two of them were dead and one alive. The father and mother were murdered. They burned a great many in their houses, and would cut off men’s arms and legs when alive. It s the greatest outbreak ever known.

“The prospect for doing much is very poor this fall. As yet we have done nothing, and ought to have made 8000 bbls. of flour since harvest, but on account of the Indian trouble, a great many men went and left their wheat to fight tem, and almost the whole of the back country came into town with their families for fear of the Indians; and the wheat that was cut one month ago is still standing in the shock, and it has rained almost every third day all through harvest, and a  great deal of the wheat is spoiled on account of the wet weather and no help to take care of it. You have no idea what a panic there was when the country people came in here by [the] hundreds.”


From Fortress Monroe.

Fortress Monroe, Sept. 10.—Capt. T. F. Wells of Boston, Mass., with twenty divers, three hundred men and four whale ships, arrived here yesterday for the purpose of raising the sunken vessels at Hampton, Newport News, Gosport and James River. Their contract compels them to raise the Cumberland whole, but Capt. Wells intends to raise the Merrimac whole if possible.


From Washington.

Washington, Sept. 11.—No mails are sent hence westward further than Elliott’s Mills, nor are there any forwarded beyond that point on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Other routes are selected to insure safety.

Letters were received here from York, Pa., to-day, which show that there is no interruption of facilities in that direction.

On and after to-morrow, passes will be required from all vessels, boats, &c., navigating the Potomac river. These will be issued by the commanding officer of the flotilla, and may be obtained from the naval vessels stationed at Alexandria, or at the mouth of the river.

The Indian Troubles.

Salt Lake City, Sept. 10.—James Forbes has just arrived her from Snake River, and reports that two trains were attacked by the Indians at Tublett’s Cut-off, 300 miles north of this city. Fifteen of twenty persons were killed, including women and children.

Four parties have arrived here during the past week, having been driven back by the Indians. One party of twelve had had five wounded in a fight with a small party of Snake Indians. The Snakes and Ballcocks and the Shoshones are well armed with rifles and revolvers, and are determined to prevent emigrants from going into Salmon county.

The overland mails are arriving and departing regularly.


From Maryland.

Baltimore, Sept. 11.—A gentleman who arrived here from Frederick this morning confirms previous statements as to the wretched appearance of the rebels. They appeared to be generally well armed but shockingly filthy. In one sense, every man might be considered a host, judging from the animated nature of their persons.2 The Telegraph operator at Elysville reports having heard heavy cannonading in the distance all the morning.


Military Orders in Pennsylvania.

Harrisburg, Sept. 11.—The following order has just been issued by authority of the President:

Fifty thousand of the freemen of Pennsylvania are hereby called for immediate service to repel the now imminent danger from invasion of the enemies of the country. Officers in command of company organizations as authorized by General Order No. 83 will at once report by telegraph the place of their headquarters, so that orders may be issued from those headquarters for transportation to Harrisburg for such companies as may be ordered to move. Further calls will be made for additional forces as the exigencies of the service may require. The formation of companies under the general orders should continue to be made as rapidly as possible, until all able bodied loyal men of Pennsylvania are enrolled and ready for service.

By the order of Governor Curtin.


Threatened by the Rebels.

Philadelphia, Sept. 11.—Mayor Henry issued the following address:

Citizens of Philadelphia—At a late hour tonight the Governor of Pennsylvania has addressed the following dispatch: “We have reliable information this evening that the rebel generals have moved their entire army from Frederick to Cumberland Valley, and their destination is now Harrisburg and Philadelphia. We need every available man immediately. Stir up your population tonight, form them into companies, and send us twenty thousand to-morrow. No time can be lost in massing a force on the Susquehanna to the defend the State and your city. Arouse every man possible and send them here.”

Let response to this urgent call be prompt and effective. I hereby request that all able bodied citizens shall assemble at 10 o’clock on Friday morning at the precinct houses of their respective election districts, in readiness to obey the summons to immediate service.


The colored citizens of this city being desirous of responding to the order issued some weeks since, held a meeting on Monday evening and voted to use their best efforts to raise a company to be attached to the Sixth Regiment for the defence of the State.


We have obtained the following facts in regard to the rebel steamer Ovieto vs. Florida from Captain Boyle of the brig Redwood, at this port from Cardenas 27th ult., and we would add that Capt. Boyle is an intelligent young man in whose statement as well as judgment we have much confidence.

Capt. B. states that his vessel lay within 250 yards of the rebel steamer while loading, which afforded him good facilities for observation. He describes her as from 800 to 1000 tons burthen, long and low in the water and trimmed very much by the stern, very sharp, the propeller so arranged that it can be hoisted out of the water when not in use; bark rigged with three yards on each of the forward masts, the mizzen mast with fore and aft sails only. Two smoke stacks 25 and 30 feet high, which, together with the entire hull, are painted black. Has a figure head in the shape of a warrior’s shield, the shield being white. Round stern; the rail from the mizzen rigging aft, being cut down so as to afford a range of 150 degrees to the after pivot gun. Had six side and two swivel guns mounted and port-holes for four additional guns on each side; has a lookout gangway forward of the mainmast.

Capt. Boyle is positive that this vessel is not iron clad, as she lay in a direct line between his vessel and the shore, he frequently passed very near her and saw the seams in her planking and he also noticed that the iron-rust was very conspicuous below the chain bolts, while there was little or none to be seen elsewhere. From the number of hammocks in the nettings, Capt. B. judged that she had a crew of about forty men. The officers he frequently saw on shore; they were Americans but very uncommunicative and the crew were all foreigners.

Capt. Boyle knew nothing of the Captain’s being sick, but saw several men taken on shore to the hospital. She did not receive any coal on board at Cardenas, but it was said that a supply was taken off in launches while she lay at the Keys, a few miles below.

This pirate craft is reported by the steamer Columbia from Havana 6th, to have arrived at that port from Cardenas with the loss of a number of her crew by fever and Capt. Maffit very sick, notwithstanding which, the Spanish authorities has ordered her to leave the port and she sailed on the night of the 1st. We trust her career will be short.


Counsel to Young Men.—Truth and justice are immutable and eternal—always sacred and always applicable. In no circumstance, however urgent, no crisis, however awful, can there be an aberration from the one, or a dereliction of the other, without sin. With respect to everything else, be accommodating; but here, be unyielding and invincible. Rather carry your integrity to the dungeon or the scaffold, than receive in exchange for it liberty and life. Should you ever be called upon to make your election between these extremes, do not hesitate. It is better prematurely to be sent to heaven in honor, than, having lingered on earth, at last to sink to ruin in infamy. In every situation, a dishonest man is detestable, and a liar is much more so.

The Boston Post of last Saturday says:

The Housatonic.—The sloop-of-war Housatonic, built at the Navy Yard, returned yesterday afternoon from a trial trip, winning high commendation from seamen for the beauty of her build and her sailing qualities. Her machinery worked admirably, though requiring alterations and adjustments. Off Cape Ann, yesterday morning, her command went through the usual evolutions—such as handling the guns, firing, and repelling boarders—in a manner that elicited a cheering word from the commander. Among the guns discharged were an 11-inch Dahlgren and a hundred pound Parrott, the explosion of the shells from which were splendid. She is said to be well manned throughout, though but few of the crew have ever seen service on board men-of-war. Her gunner, Mr. Mayo, was in battles at Hilton Head and Hampton Roads. Her Lieutenant, Stuyvesant, was in the Cumberland when she went down. Her Lieutenant Commander, W. K. Mayo, a Virginia, at the outbreak of the rebellion, addressed a spirited and patriotic letter to Gov. Letcher, rejecting the invitation of the Convention of that State “to become an honorable deserter” of the flag to which he owed his all, and holding that his primary and only allegiance was due to the United States. He appeared to be as much at home in working ship as he is sound in his politics. Capt. William Rogers Taylor, the commander, is an estimable and accomplished officer, who sought active duty at the opening of the war, but, in the ordnance department, rendered such service as to elicit the warm approbation from his superiors. He has recently been promoted, and his high character is a guaranty that, under his command, the Housatonic will worthily sustain the honor of the flag.3


The Oldest Woman in New Bedford.—The oldest lady living in this city is Mrs. Alice Davenport, at 97 North Second street. She was born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, in April, 1766, and is ninety-six years of age. She retains to a remarkable degree her faculties, and is as smart as she was twenty years ago, wit the exception of a little lameness, caused by an injury received while getting from a hack. Rising at a very early hour, which habit she has followed from her youth, she takes great interest in the household affairs. She is very particular how her food is cooked, though she eats the same as the rest do. She relates many interesting incidents connected with the Revolution, and the war of 1812, which came under her notice, and recollects distinctly the time when her father enlisted in the ranks, but laughs when talking of the Indians that used to sleep on her kitchen floor.—N. B. Mercury.


A policeman who was recently at Montreal says he saw there several men who had enlisted in Boston, and after getting their bounty had deserted. One man, who was stopping at a first class hotel, and was spending his money freely, boasted that he had obtained bounty four times.


1 This Confederate raider will be rechristened the CSS Alabama, of which we will hear much more in subsequent newspaper articles.

2 Meaning they are crawling with lice.

3 This article on the Housatonic is included because of the role she will play two years down the road, when she becomes the first victim of a submarine attack (CSS Hunley) off Charleston on 17 February 1864.

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