5, 1862


Those who have never seen the people of the South at their homes away back in the interior, nestling upon the hill-sides, in the valleys and groves, know nothing of their real character. A nobler, more single-minded, more honest, larger-hearted, more generous, more humane and more hospitable people never had an existence. We do not say that they have no faults, or that there are no bad individuals among them; for then they would stand in no need of State prisons, jails, courts and penal laws. They are human and possess human frailties; but we are quite willing to compare them, as a whole, with an equal number of citizens or subjects of equal number of citizens or subjects of any government upon earth. Those who revile them should go among them and learn whom and what they abuse. It is usual for stolid fanaticism to charge them with cruelty towards their slaves—a charge founded upon ignorance, and absurdly ridiculous upon the face, for it must be manifest to any one who is capable of thinking upon the subject, and who is not the vassal of his own prejudices, that the more kindly slaves are treated, the better they are clothed and fed and taken care of, in return the more profitable they will be to their masters.

If the latter were influenced solely by sordid considerations, therefore, in the treatment of their servants, it must be evident that they would have the strongest motives to be humane and just towards them. Their interests alone would be sufficient to accomplish this result. Is it reasonable, upon nay known principles of human action, to suppose that civilized men, out of sheer love of cruelty, would run right in the face and eyes of their own interests, for  the sake of indulging in it in the treatment of their servants? Is not this too much for even the credulity of a mawkish fanaticism to swallow? But it is a fact too well known to be contradicted, that Southern masters and mistresses are less exacting and rigid in their demands upon the labors of their slaves, and more indulgent to their foibles and weaknesses than strangers to their domestic system ever are. The latter, when they become masters, after a slight acquaintance with the character and habits of the Negro, rarely make sufficient allowance for his tardiness and other traits. They require the same amount of labor of him that they would from white laborers in a cold climate. This the Southern people never expect and never demand. In reply to all this it is usual for Abolition cant to point to instances of barbarity which the Southern papers sometimes narrate, and then it exclaims, with an air of triumph, that the South herself furnishes the evidence which convicts her of the charge it brings against her.

This is abolition fairness and enlightenment. Apply the same rule to the North, and what a verdict would be brought in by an impartial and disinterested jury! Take up her own daily and weekly journals, and what a picture of morals and humanity, upon the rule which is applied to the South, do they present as the portrait of the Northern people! What a record of brutality to children, apprentices and orphans, of wife-murder, and husband-murder, and child-murder, of fratricide and parricide, and even of matricide, do they publish! How the poor suffer in winter from cold and short allowances! How labor the thews and sinews of multitudes of females through the long nights, when nature cries out piteously for rest, for sleep, to keep from the door of loved ones the shadows of the dark figure whose name is—hunger! If rats should devour the newborn infant of a black woman upon a Southern plantation, as they did a white infant in a New York 

poorhouse a while ago, how all abolitiondom would ring with shouts of exultation at this new proof of the horrors of the peculiar institution! Upon the principle upon which “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is constructed, a picture of Northern society might be drawn that would fairly make the flesh creep. Such a principle so applied would be grossly unjust. It would imply an elaborate falsehood; but it would be no more unjust and would not embody a greater falsehood than is implied in the same principle which is constantly applied to the system of domestic labor existing in the South, by its crazy assailants.

We are sometimes told that though the physical wants of slaves may be well cared for, their moral well-being is not. There again abolition shows its ignorance. Go into the country, and thousands upon thousands of well dressed servants will be found regularly assembling with their masters and mistresses, as the Sabbath comes round, for divine worship. Multitudes of them are members of churches, and he who would understand the real nature of this truly patriarchal institution must see the servant and his master and mistress all together around the same  communion table. There is scarcely a grove in all the Southern States which has not been made vocal by the humble and soul felt songs thus mingling and commingling together in a common volume from master and servant—an acceptable sacrifice, we cannot doubt, to Him who judges from the reality and who knows the heart. This will be utterly incomprehensible to our modern Pharisees, we know, but it is nevertheless true, as millions of as good men and women as can be found anywhere beneath the circuit of the sun can testify, not from hearsay, but from their own positive knowledge.


Scarcity of Seamen.—Recently in New York sailors were so scarce that $30 per month was offered in several cases without effect, and vessels were lying in the harbor loaded and could not sail for want of seamen—so it is reported.


The Federal Army in Light Marching Order.—The Washington correspondent of the New York Herald, in his letter of the 16th ult., says: A stringent order has been issued enforcing the absolute necessity of reducing the baggage trains of troops in the field. Offices will hereafter be allowed to carry only their ordinary mess chests and a valise or carpet bag. No trunks or boxes will be permitted in the baggage trains. Privates are prohibited from carrying carpet bags and boxes on the regimental wagons. These things are hereafter to be ejected from the wagons and cars wherever found. A stop is also to be put to the carrying of sutlers’ goods in regimental and quartermasters’ wagons, under the guise of quartermasters’ and commissary stores. This, it is supposed, will reduce the trains by one-third.


Expenditures by the Confederate Government.—The Richmond Whig says it has ascertained, from official data furnished by the Treasury Department, that the expenditures by the Confederate government, from its commencement to the 1st of August, amount to $347,272,958.85.

OCTOBER 6, 1862

A Salute for Lincoln’s Administration.

The New York Independent, which is charged by its contemporaries with belonging to the league for the displacement of Lincoln, has the following complimentary notice of the Gorilla:

We have no doubt whatever that Mr. Lincoln means well, and tasks himself to do well for the country. But he is an overmatched man. He can not carry the Government in his great exigency.

But there is a country as well as a President. There is a cause as well as an Administration. Every prudent man foresees the utter exhaustion of the country if we have one more such year as the last. Yet, we have the same Cabinet, the same floating expedients, the same stationary Generals.

It is notorious that the Generals who control the military affairs of the army, are pro-slavery in their beliefs and sympathies. One drop of poison is a match for the health of a whole bodyful of good blood!

The South is jubilant. It is the North that desponds. They have leaders who know how to control difficulties—to coerce unity among heterogeneous materials. There is will in the chair at Richmond. There is will in the saddle beyond the Potomac. Oh, that slavery was as poorly served as liberty is!

Richmond determines. Washington reasons. Richmond is inflexible. Washington vacillates. Richmond knows what it wants to do. Washington wishes that it knew. Richmond loves slavery and hates liberty. Washington is somewhat partial to liberty and rather dislikes slavery. Rebellion is wise and sinful. Government is foolish.


From New Orleans.

Mobile, October 3d.—A special dispatch to the Mobile Advertiser and Register, dated at Jackson, Mississippi, the 2d, says that Butler has issued Order No. 76, requiring all persons in New Orleans, male or female, eighteen years of age or upwards, who sympathize with the Confederates, to report themselves by the 1st of October, with descriptive lists of their property, real and personal. If they renew their allegiance, they are to be recommended for pardon. If not, they will be fined and imprisoned and their property confiscated. Policemen of the city are charged with the duty of seeing that every householder enrolls his property in their respective districts.


A Sample of Life at the North.—The following extract is cut from the Albany (N.Y.) Argus:

A white child, who was bound out to a Negro master by the Philadelphia Board of Guardians of the Poor, has recently died from horrible treatment in his apprenticeship, and, his relatives discovering the whole of the facts, are stirring up public opinion upon the subject.

The Guardians should be held personally responsible.


Duration of the War.—The Tallahassee Sentinel says a friend gives it as his opinion, based not on the ordinary mode of reasoning on the subject, but on Bible data and scriptural calculation, that the war will continue three years and 195 days from the time it was inaugurated. We shall see.


Another Addition to the redundant currency was discovered in town Saturday in the shape of what purported to be in the vignette a check for $11.00, and read as follows, “Agency Bank State of Georgia, will pay the bearer eleven dollars on demand, (Signed) R. Jameson, for Cashier, Macon, Sept. 1st, 1862.” It is needless to add that the Bank knew nothing about these checks and the holders had been swindled. In this connection we will add by way of exhortation to shinplaster makers, that it is time to be setting their houses in order. The Legislature which soon meets will no doubt take stringent measures to abate the nuisance and we believe every shinplaster concern will soon be smarting under legal penalties. Now is the time to be redeeming “change bills,” either in current bank bills, Confederate Treasury notes, Whiskey, Dry Goods, Salt or Potatoes, as set forth in the several ugly faces they represent.

List of Killed and Wounded.

Of the 51st Reg’t Ga Vols., Col. W. M. Slaughter, in the late battles of Boonsboro’ and Sharsburg.1

Company A.

Killed—Dennis McLendon, J. D. Kitchens, John . Dougherty, W. F. Phileman.

Wounded—J. L. Ford, R. L. McDonald, A. Alexander, Wm. Barnard.

Missing—R. L. McDonald, D. Smith, C. McCann, J. Allen, H. Gray, G. Gray, R. Bailey, T. Harrison, J. W. Johnson, mortally, since dead.

Company B.

Killed—J. Leverett, L. Deal.

Wounded—Sergt. H. E, Perkins, slightly in arm.

Missing—Lieut. J. Calhoun, Sergt. T. J. Gurr, E. J. N. Moore, G. M. Parker, W. J. Parker, T. Howell, W. T. Barfield, Jas. Larrimore, Jas. Kendrick, D. B. Batton, S. A. Marsh.

Company C.

Killed—Lieut. G. W. West, Private J. L. Stewart, D. Hutson, J. T. Akridge, H. D. Sapp.

Wounded—J. W. Whigham, W. Akridge.

Missing—J. C. West, W. T. West, S. A. Lucky, L. H. Smith, L. P. Sawyer, J. Simpson, R. Griner, I. Shirah, A. Whittey.

Company D.


Wounded and Missing—W. Ivey, J. Glass, D. Kinney, R. P. Wilkinson, M. Hair.

Company E.

Killed—Lieut. L. G. Hainsly, Private W. Crawford, D. Jones, M. Bell.

Wounded—G. Glover, B. F. Maury, James Thomson.

Missing—Sergt. W. L. King, F. Davis, J. Everett, L. B. Bartlett, Young Harvey, Jno. Morris, Virgil Rimes, B. J. Rieves, R. Sauls.

Company F.


Wounded—V. Huff.

Missing—J. E. Whitaker, G. W. Odom, J. J. Bradley, R. A. Beard, D. A. Lang, W. Lang, J. J. Smith, I. Vinson, R. E. Wright, J. K. Wainwright.

Company G.

Killed—E. Thomas, D. Thomas, W. Rentz, P. Rentz, J. Touchstone.

Wounded—F. G. Rains, W. Ray, J. Mercer, L. J. Collins, W. Crawford, Sergt. J. J. Mann, D. J. Moore, A. W. Murdock, I. Domingoes, W. J. Craft, J. Touchstone, W. Peterson.

Missing—H. Touchstone, W. H. Harrell, A. Screws, S. D. Finley, C. W. Hooker, C. C. McKinney, S. L. Sharp, W. Peterson.

Company H.

Killed—J. DuBose, J. Stevens.

Wounded and Missing—J. Cheshire, J. Lesterley, R. Mixon.

Company I.


Wounded—J. G. Killingsworth, J. Shivers, Corpl. S. McLendon, O. Peterson.

Missing—Capt. W. L. Burnett, Sergt. J. W. Fulwood, E. Wood, J. F. Mills, W. H. McElroy, J. Reynolds, J. G. Killingsworth, O. Peterson.

Company K.

Killed—C. O’Sullivan.

Wounded—Capt. R. Hobbs, left arm amputated at shoulder; S. Means, R. Quick, L. Cook, H. Cannon, __ Herrin, S. Houston.

Missing—C. A. Spitts, R. T. Gilbert, T. Woods.

The most of the foregoing casualties occurred in the Battle at Crampton Gap on the 14th September. It is supposed that many reported “missing” may be killed and unfound in the woods, whilst others are prisoners or straggles. The list was furnished us by Dr. E. V. Munro, Asst. Surgeon of the Regiment, and collated with much care.

, 1862

From the Army in Maryland.

The Tax on Silver Plate.—Ever since the Tax Law passed, many a housewife has distressed herself with the vision of a rough assistant assessor ransacking her closets, trunks, and bureaus, and turning the contents of her house upside down, to ascertain the exact amount of silver plate in her possession. The New York Journal of Commerce says:

“The fears of such an intrusion upon the privacy of the home are entirely groundless. Commissioner Boutwell has given particular instructions for the polite and decorous enforcement of the tax law; and the assessors have forbidden their assistants to indulge in any unnecessary or impertinent inquisitiveness in the performance of their duties.

“In all inquiries pertaining to the household they will rely upon the honesty of the citizens, rather than make the law odious by a search of the premises. People who are fortunate enough to own silver spoons, teapots, sugar-bowls, cream pitchers, trays and other silver ware, will be expected to ascertain the weight of them in troy ounces. This can be most easily and accurately done at some silversmith’s; and his certificate as to the weight will be accepted by the assessor as correct. It is only upon the excess of forty ounces, belonging to any one person, that the tax of three cents per ounce is chargeable.

“As an encouragement of the family institution, the framers of the law have exempted those silver mugs, which are the peculiar endowments of babyhood. In fact, everything which does not come under the head of silver table ware ‘kept for use’ is exempt. While the law is thus tolerant of silver ware, it puts a tax of 50 cents per troy ounce on all gold plate kept for use. People happening to have any of that kind of property in their houses must have it weighed and certified to. It is understood, however, that these evidences of weight will only be required in cases where parties are not already aware of the exact weight of their silver. In most cases a mere statement will suffice, or an affidavit, if peculiar circumstances shall seem to require one.”


Taxation in Dixie.—The new revenue bill before the rebel Congress provides for the levying on the 1st of January next, a tax of one-fifth the value of the products of the land for the preceding year; one-fifth the value of the increase of horses, asses, cattle, sheep and swine; one-fifth the products made in feeding the same; and one-fifth the yearly income of each person. The rebels will pay dearly for their whistle.2


An Important Order.—An army order having a direct and important bearing upon the comfort and morals of our soldiers was issued some time since. It is based upon an act of the last Congress, and provides that, “the Quartermaster Department shall issue, upon the requisition of the Medical Officer in charge of any hospital or depot of sick and wounded soldiers, such regulation clothing, necessary to their health and comfort, as may be requisite to replace that lost by them from the casualties of war;” it furthermore commands that “such issue be gratuitous and not charged to the soldier.” Great numbers of soldiers have been discharged from the hospitals whose clothing was so ragged that they shunned appearing in the streets, and were not in decent condition to return to the army. This has been owing to the neglect of the surgeons, or their ignorance of the order. As thousands of new troops are now going into the field, pains should be taken by the press and all interested to make the order known, so that the new surgeons may understand their duty in the premises, and the soldiers may be acquainted with their rights and demand them if necessary.

The Draft in Connecticut a Partial Failure.—The New Haven Courier of September 29th, says the draft has been almost a farce, very few towns having done their duty under it, and those that have failed should be called upon at once to make up their deficiency. In this vicinity the most striking instances of neglect or disregard to the law are Southbury, North Haven, Milford, Guilford and Fairfield.


It was melancholy, says the New York Times, to see the 14th Regiment marching up Broadway without their arms, and to reflect that the fine weapons with which they had marched down Broadway four months ago had been given into the hands of the rebels, and have since been used in slaughtering their own comrades. The rebels, by this Harper’s Ferry surrender, obtained from ten to twelve thousand first-class muskets, besides a splendid lot of artillery, as well as munitions of war, &c.


The Grenada, Miss., Appeal complains bitterly that one million dollars worth of slaves have absconded from the counties of Tunica and Coahoma since the Union troops went there. It says we have violated the constitution. That is cool enough. If the rebels want the advantages of the constitution, they had better come back and get them.


A Father of the Right Stamp.—Capt. William S. Kenniston, of Newmarket, N. H., formerly a sea captain, and recently a clerk in one of our most flourishing mercantile houses, has three sons—all he has—in the army, and has now enlisted himself. Such patriotism as this deserves the gratitude of the whole country.


An explosion took place at the Arsenal, Columbus, Ky., on the 25th ult., by which one hundred thousand dollars worth of ammunition was destroyed. No lives lost. This was a Federal loss. The immense gun factory at Rome, Ga., was totally destroyed by fire a few weeks since. Loss of machinery and unfinished guns, $75,000. This is a serious disaster for the rebel Government.


“Where are you going?” said a young gentleman to an elderly one in a white cravat, whom he overtook a few miles from Little Rock.

“I am going to Heaven, my son; I have been on the way for more than eighteen years.”

“Well, good bye, old fellow; if you’ve been travelling towards Heaven there eighteen years, and got no nearer than Arkansas, I’ll take another route!”

, 1862

Martial Law Proclaimed.

We referred to but omitted to publish the following Proclamation last week. It is well to have it on record, for reference if nothing else, and we therefore publish it:

By the President of the United States.


Whereas it has been necessary to call into service not only volunteers, but also portions of the militia of the States by draft, in order to suppress the insurrection existing in the United States, and disloyal persons are not adequately restrained by the ordinary process of law from hindering this measure, and from giving aid and comfort in various ways to the insurrection; now, therefore, be it ordered—

1st. That during the existing rebellion, and as a necessary measure for suppressing the same, all rebels and insurgents, their aiders and abettors within the United States, and all persons discouraging volunteer enlistments, resisting militia drafts, or guilty of any disloyal practice affording aid and comfort to the rebels against the authority of the United States, shall be subject to martial law, and liable to trial and punishment by courts martial or military commission.

2d. That the writ of habeas corpus is suspended in respect to all persons arrested, or who are now or may hereafter, during the rebellion, be imprisoned in any fort, camp, arsenal, military prison or other place of confinement, by any military authority, or by the sentence of any court martial or military commission.

In witness wherefor, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at Washington, this 24th day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-seventh.

Abraham Lincoln.


The Guillotine Proposed.—At the serenade given in Washington to Gen. Wadsworth upon his nomination for  Governor of New York, Gov. Blair of Michigan said that in his opinion, “the best thing we could do would be to import a guillotine from France and chop off the heads” of those who stand in the way of the destructive designs of the radical demagogues. These reckless and blood-thirsty wretches are following in the footsteps of their prototypes, the Jacobins of France, and it is not surprising that they call for the bloody machinery used by them. But if they had profitably read the history of the demons they are so closely imitating, they would shudder in view of the fate which may await them in following out the example which they seem to advise. Those in France who first freely used the bloody invention these infamous demagogues now call for, became themselves its victims; “the heads that rolled into the basket,” the Albany Argus says, “were just such as adorn the shoulders of Blair and his colleagues—dizzy with power, weak in intellect, voluble in tongue, menacing others and ignorant of their own end.”

It would create but little surprise to see this impudent and atrocious threat carried into execution; the last year has presented events which were supposed to be quite as improbable and intolerable as would be the spectacle of the erection of a guillotine at Washington and the daily execution of those who refuse to approve of the treasonable and destructive schemes of the abolition crew.

Which is Supreme?—The President has declared our whole people subject to martial law. The Constitution, on the other hand, provides as follows:

“No person can in any case be subjected to law-martial, or to any pains or penalties, by virtue of that law, except those employed in the army or navy, and except the militia in actual service, but by authority of the Legislature.”—Bill of Rights, sec. 34.

The question arises which is supreme, the Constitution or the ipse dixit of the President?3 Can the President thus set aside and override an important provision of the Bill of Rights? If so, then constitutions are worthless.


Old Abe’s Opinion.—After the Chicago Committee had made their report to the association who sent them to Washington to urge the President to issue an Emancipation Proclamation, the following appropriate conclusion to the whole affair transpired:

Peter Page now came forward, being anxious to tell the people what the President had said to him and Mr. Scripps, on the African question. One thing he related is worth recording. On pressing the policy of emancipation upon the President, they received this reply: “You remember the slave who asked his master, ‘If I should call a sheep’s tail a leg, how many legs would it have?’ ‘Five.’ ‘No, only four, for my calling the tail a leg would not make it so.’ Now, gentlemen, if I say to the  slaves, ‘You are free,’ they will be no more free than at present.”


Scoundrelism.—On Saturday evening, as early as 7 o’clock, while two respectable married ladies were passing on School Street, one of them was grossly insulted by a rascal who was easily identified by his personal deformity. Our streets, of late, have been infested, especially after dark, by a vile horde of wretches, both male and female, who have been hanging about the city seeking to prey upon the soldiers. On several occasions, when they have made their appearance at the camp, they have been summarily dealt with. It is the duty of the city authorities to see that these wretches are carefully watched. On Thursday evening, about 10 o’clock, a vile woman made a violent attack, probably in a fit of drunkenness, upon the door and windows of Mr. Ingalls’ confectioner’s shop on School Street, and also upon the door leading to the rooms above, occupied by the family. Mr. Ingalls was absent from the home, and the females and children were much alarmed. They called for assistance from some gentlemen in the vicinity, but the woman had disappeared before she could be arrested.


Another large steamer ran the blockade out of Charleston harbor on the night of the 19th ult.



Great Battle at Corinth, Mississippi.

Washington, Oct 5th.—Official information has been received here that the rebels under Van Dorn, Price and Lovell, yesterday attacked our forces at Corinth, but were repulsed, with great slaughter, and retreated, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. Our forces are in full pursuit.

Chicago, Oct 4th.—Dispatches from Cairo to-night say that a battle has been raging in the vicinity of Corinth since yesterday morning. At three o’clock this afternoon, which is the date of the latest report from Bethel, the cannonading was still heard. The communication is now cut off at Bethel, consequently we are unable to obtain any particulars. Bethel is 20 miles this side of Corinth.

Cairo, Oct 5th.—Glorious news has been received to-day from Corinth. The rebels are routed and retreating. Their loss is very heavy. Our loss is also large. Gen. Dodge sent a message here from Columbus to prepare for a large number of wounded. Price, Van Dorn and Lovell were in command of the rebels, who numbered 40,000. Our troops are said to have acted nobly.


Washington, Oct 6.—The following dispatches have been received at headquarters here to-day:

Grant’s Headquarters,
Jackson, Tenn., Oct. 5, 1862—8 a.m.

To Major-General Halleck:

Yesterday the Rebels under Price, Van Dorn and Lovell, were repulsed from their attack on Corinth with great slaughter. The enemy are in full retreat, leaving their dead and wounded on the field.

Rosecrans telegraphs that the loss is serious on our side, particularly in officers, but bears no comparison with that of the enemy.

Gen. Hackleman fell while gallantly leading his brigade. General Oglesby is dangerously wounded. Gen. McPherson, with his command, reached Corinth yesterday. General Rosecrans pursued the retreating enemy this morning, and should they attempt to move towards Bolivar, will follow to that place.

Gen. Hurlbut is at the Hatchie river with 5,000 or 6,000 men, and is, no doubt, with the pursuing column. From 700 to 1,000 prisoners, besides the wounded, are left in our hands.

U.S. Grant
Major-General Commanding.

Second Dispatch.

Grant’s Headquarters,
Jackson, Tenn., Oct. 5th

To Major-General H. W. Halleck:

General Ord, who followed Gen. Hurlbut, met the enemy to-day on the south side of the Hatchie, as I understand from a dispatch, and drove them across the stream and got possession of the heights with our troops. Gen. Ord took two batteries and about 200 prisoners.

A large portion of Gen. Rosecrans’s forces were at Chevalla. At this distance everything looks most favorable, and I cannot see how the enemy are to escape without losing everything except their small arms. I have strained everything to take into the fight an adequate force, and to get them to the right place.

U.S. Grant
Major-General Commanding.

Defeat of John Morgan.

Louisville, Oct 4th.—A Portsmouth, Ohio, dispatch, to Gov. Robinson, says John Morgan, with a thousand rebels, yesterday attacked the carter County Home Guards, near Olive Hill. After several hours of severe skirmishing, Morgan was repulsed and several of his men killed. Morgan then retreated toward the Licking River, burning 35 houses on his way. Last night Morgan returned to Olive Hill. Meanwhile Col. Seifert went to Portsmouth and brought up 500 of he 117th Ohio regiment.


Accident on the Central Railroad.—The N. Y. express train, due here at 3:30 yesterday afternoon, met with an extraordinary accident when about four miles west of Little Falls. The train was under full headway, when the locomotive encountered a misplaced switch. Wemple, the engineer, instead of jumping from the engine when he saw the danger, applied a patent Creamer brake, connecting from the engine with all the cars, which so retarded the motion of the train as to prevent a general smash up.

The engine plunged down the embankment, about six feet in height, a total wreck—a black mass of ruins. The baggage car wheeled off in the same direction, turning upside down, one end resting upon the track, the other into the ditch below. The smoking car shot past the baggage car, turning over on its side in the opposite direction. The baggage, smoking, and two passenger cars were beyond the ruins of the locomotive. The track was torn up, the ties slivered, while the steam was pouring into the cars from the wrecked locomotive. The passengers rushed out the car doors and windows in great consternation, and were astounded upon examination of the ruins to find that not of their number was injured. The fireman was thrown some distance from the engine into the field, and was found to be seriously hurt. Every attention was shown to him on the part of the passengers and others, and when last heard from he was thought to be better.

Wemple, the brave engineer, to whom all on board owe a debt of gratitude never to be forgotten, was but slightly injured, and in ten minutes after the accident was at work putting out the fire in the engine, as though nothing had happened.

In less than three hours the employees of the road had engine and cars in readiness, and all were safely on their way again to Albany. Much credit is due Conductor Meeker and Superintendent Prest for their energy and efficiency on the occasion. Secretary Ballard, State Engineer Taylor, Hon. Sanf’d E. Church, S. S. Fairchild, and other prominent gentlemen were on the train.—Albany Argus of Tuesday.


A rebel gunboat mounting ten guns ran the blockade into Mobile on the 4th inst., in the face of three U.S. vessels. Commander Geo. H. Preble, commanding the blockade squadron off that port, has been dismissed from the naval service for neglect of duty on the premises.


Mr. Henry, who has carried the Mail from Pittsfield to Williamstown, via New Ashford, has sold the route to Mr. Jas. N. Bridges of Williamstown, who commenced the service on the 1st of October, and now runs his stage from Williamstown to Pittsfield and back on Mondays and Saturdays of each week, and also leaves Williamstown on Tuesdays and Thursdays, for Pittsfield, and Pittsfield for Williamstown on Wednesdays and Fridays.

, 1862

From Richmond.

Philadelphia, Oct. 10, 1 a.m.—The Washington Star says that at Richmond on Sunday of last week the4 only troops in and around the city were those, few in number, actually in the fortifications, and a regiment doing provost guard duty in and around the town. As soon as a train arrives there, every one coming into Richmond s made to go with a soldier to the Provost Marshal’s office, and if not well vouched for is rigorously held in custody, and guards are so posted as to prevent egress from the city at any point without a pass.

The Star says there are no troops at Gordonsville, nor indeed anywhere from Richmond in this direction, until arriving a little this side of Culpepper Court House, where the 13th Virginia Cavalry only were last week encamped.


Emancipation and the Black Flag.—The New York Times’ Washington correspondent says:

President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation has inspired the most lively terror throughout the South. The rebels do not laugh at the decree, but quake with apprehension. They express fears that it will be the means of producing a counter-revolution in the slave States, and the soldiers desire to return to their homes to protect their families. They believe the Negroes too be organized in secret associations, and only to be waiting an auspicious opportunity to rise in insurrection en masse. They have heard already of the Proclamation, and are becoming very restive under their yoke. The women and children of the rural districts are removing to the cities for safety, and consternation seems to be universal.

The immediate results of this feeling are measures of great severity toward the blacks, who are being sent South without reference to their legal condition. Several have been hung in the vicinity of Jeffersonton, Va., charged with conspiracy. The Union white citizens of Winchester, too, are being sent in considerable numbers to Richmond.

The feeling in the army, and among rebels in general, is in favor of desperate measures, chief of which is the raising of the black flag. In fact, many of the soldiers refuse to fight longer unless it is done.

A private circular has been issued by the rebel Government to proprietors of newspapers forbidding the publication of the Proclamation.


Bishop Rosecrans.—As Bishop Rosecrans (brother of the General) was at dinner recently, the conversation reverted to the war.

“It would seem to me, Bishop, that you and your brother, the General, are engaged in very different callings,” remarked a gentleman.

“Yes, it appears so,” returned the Bishop. “And yet,” he continued, “we are both fighting men. While the General is wielding the sword of the flesh, I trust that I am using the sword of the Spirit. He is fighting the rebels, and I am fighting the spirits of darkness. There is this difference in the terms of our service: he is fighting with Price, while I am fighting without price.”

From Richmond.

Among the arrivals at Washington yesterday was Capt. F. G. Young, direct from Richmond, having left that city on Tuesday by a flag of truce down the James river.

Capt. Young with Major W. C. Barney of New York, was captured on the 21st of September while on a horseback tour in the vicinity of Bull Run, by the 30th Virginia cavalry, under Col. Chambless, a graduate of West Point. The prisoner spent four days pleasantly on their way to Richmond, and were treated kindly and hospitably by their captors and by all whom they met on the route. The cavalry regiment of Col. Chambless was handsomely mounted, uniformed, and fully equipped. There appeared to be an abundance of salt, flour, fresh beef, and shoes among the soldiers. Good discipline prevailed among the rebel troops. They treated each other with great kindness and courtesy. No whiskey drinking or card playing was allowed among them. Much comment is made by the rebel troops as to the careless manner in which our dead were buried on the plains of Manassas. All the rebel soldiers denounced Gen. Pope, but speak in most complimentary terms of Gen. McClellan.

The country districts are exhausted of food for man and beast, and in consequence apprehensions exist of great distress among the people during the coming winter. Everybody has plenty of paper money of all descriptions and denominations. The treatment of the Federal prisoners at the Sibley prison4 has been changed for the better, and those confined with Captain Young had no cause to complain. He with thirty others were put in a large cool and pleasant room and were attended by the maids and servants with marked kindness. Rations were served regularly and a sutler was constantly present. The morning newspapers were served at daylight.

Colonel Daniel Ulman and Lieut. Col. Brown of New York regiments, and about 700 others, arrived at Annapolis today, having left Richmond on Tuesday morning. The rebel troops are rapidly receiving their new uniforms, consisting of dark gray woolen jackets and light blue pants, &c. They say there is no lack of arms, and that they have more cannon than can be used. The general impression among them is that the war will not end until the expiration of President Lincoln’s term of office. Everybody, however, is sick of hostilities, and the troops desire to return home. Yet one constantly hears the remark: “You may exterminate us but you cannot subjugate us.” The new Merrimack is not finished yet.

Eight dollars a bushel was asked for sweet potatoes. Rye, coffee and sugar brought $1 a pound each. There was little or no molasses for sale. Tin drinking cups sold for twenty five cents each, and all other necessaries in proportion.

Major Barney is still detained at Libby prison. Capt. Young was released unconditionally.


Wages of Ship Carpenters.—The Boston ship carpenters employed in repairing vessels have combined, and many are now demanding and receiving $3 per day. That price is paid at New York an in other places, and some men have left Boston to obtain the higher wages offered. At the Navy Yard the best workmen receive $2.50. Some have left to work at other yards.

OCTOBER 11, 1862


Rebel Invasion of Pennsylvania.
Stuart’s Cavalry at Mercersburg and Advancing on Chambersburg.
No Federal Force There to Oppose Them.

Harrisburg, Oct. 10, 7:30 p.m.—Gov. Curtin has received the following dispatch from Colonel McClure at Chambersburg:

“Mercersburg was occupied by Stuart’s rebel cavalry to-day, and they are now advancing on Chambersburg. They took horses and all other property they wanted at Mercersburg, offering rebel scrip in pay. So far as ascertained, they did no injury to the inhabitants. The force is estimated at 3,000. The rebels are certainly advancing upon Chambersburg. They have cut the Bedford wire. They are reported as near St. Thomas, about 7 miles from here. There is no doubt whatever of their being in Mercersburg. They will certainly give us a call to-night. We can make no resistance, as it would only exasperate them and cause the wanton destruction of property and life.


Chambersburg, Oct. 10, 8 p.m.—About 15 men on horseback are in town with carbines and a flag of truce. They want to see the principal men of the town. They have a large force about one mile from here who will enter in an hour.


A battle took place on the 3d inst., in the vicinity of Suffolk, Va., at Franklin, on the Blackwater river, which appears to be of considerable importance. The rebels were at least five thousand strong at that point, and were commanded by General Gustavus W. Smith (ex-street commissioner). The rebels were pretty badly used by our troops, who were commanded by Colonel S. P. Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, having lost fully two hundred killed and wounded, while our loss was only three in all. The attack was planned by Gen. Dix, to drive back the advancing pickets of the enemy, and it was intended that the gunboats should co-operate with the land forces by way of Chowan creek, from Albemarle Sound; but owing to some mistake they did not participate in the action. Our forces numbered about two thousand. The object of the attack was fully attained.


News from Florida is interesting. The expedition which has been fitting out at Port Royal sailed on the 1st instant, and on the 2nd instant a brisk attack was made on a rebel fort at St. Johns Bluff, up the St. Johns. After a smart bombardment our land forces advanced upon the fort, when the rebels ran in confusion, leaving a large quantity of stores in our hands. The Union flag was hoisted there, and waved proudly over the spot the rebels had just occupied.  The fort was then destroyed and the guns removed. Preparations were being made at last accounts to attack another rebel battery on Yellow Bluff, eight miles further up.


One of the most impudent propositions on the part of the rebels, yet put forth, is the resolution introduced into the rebel Congress to appoint a committee to address the Pacific States, with the hope of inducing them to join their forces with the rebel States. California has just sent on more than a hundred thousand dollars, for the use of the Sanitary Commission of the Union. Think of asking her to join the rebels! Did ever brazen impudence go further?

The Western Sanitary Commission of St. Louis have received authority, by telegraph, from the citizens of San Francisco, to draw on New York for $50,000, being a portion of the funds raised in California for the support of sick and wounded soldiers, and this donation came very opportunely. The commission was reduced to a very low ebb for funds, and yet on Saturday, nearly twenty-two hundred additional sick and wounded came pouring in upon them from Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi.


Official information has been received by the government that the savage Sioux war in the North west is ended. With a force of only five hundred men we have subdued this fearful outbreak. Fifteen hundred of the Indians have fallen into our hands, and many of the leading chiefs will be summarily executed.


Washington Items.—During the last quarter ending with September, the post office department issued to the postmasters, stamps to the value of $3,116,064, and it is thought that half a million stamps are used as currency.

A foreigner has filed his application, with specimens, for a patent for various uses made of maize shucks. The varieties include yarn, maize cloth, paper of beautiful qualities, white and colored, from silk to parchment texture, maize flour, etc.

In view of the extraordinary discoveries of gold in several United States territories, and considering the increased necessities of the government, Congress will, at the ensuing session, be asked to enact some measures by which a considerable part of the treasure may, through miners, be secured for public uses.


Bounties.—Until further notice, the War Committee will continue to pay an extra bounty of $125 to each private, non-commissioned officer, or musician, who may enlist from the town of Hartford, and the same provision for their families as has heretofore been made for those enlisting in nine months service.

Those enlisting in any of the old regiments will also receive the Government bounty of $102.

The bounty will be due and payable when the recruit shall have been mustered into the United States service.

J. G. Batterson, Secretary.


National Horse Fair.—We learn that the prospect of a good exhibition of horses is most encouraging, a number of entries were made yesterday of horses that can perform in the fastest classes; and what is more gratifying, we are informed that the spirited managers of the Horse Association have already received from the subscription of members a larger sum than the entire premium list, and that it is a fixed fact that the performance will take place and the premiums we advertise will be paid to  each lucky steed who can win the honors of his class. Colt’s Armory Band has been engaged, and a good time is coming.

1 While this article is simply a list of casualties, it is included to remind everyone that the raw numbers of killed and wounded in each battle are made up of the names of individuals. “Two thousand killed” is an abstract; if you are the parent, wife or sister of Dennis McLendon of Co. A, 51st Georgia, it’s a lot more concrete.

2 “To pay dearly for your whistle” comes from a story told by Benjamin Franklin, in which his nephew so set his heart upon a common whistle, that he paid four times its value to obtain it—yet the instrument performed no better than any other cheap whistle. In effect, he paid dearly for something he fancied, but which did not meet his expectation.

3 Ipse dixit, Latin, “He himself said it.” An unsupported statement that rests solely on the authority of the individual who makes it. (

4 Probably a mistake for Libby Prison.

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