MAY 25, 1862
yesterday morning, a crevasse occurred in the levee, opposite Berlin
street, the next street on this side of Napoleon Avenue, and caused
great alarm, not only in the immediate vicinity, but throughout the
city, as the news spread.
went up to the vicinity of the crevasse in the afternoon, but were
prevented by a guard of soldiers from approaching near enough to have a
view of it. All the information we could gather was that the crevasse
was fifty to sixty feet in width, and the rush of water was tremendous;
that a force of soldiers was at work trying to stop it, and that, in all
probability, it would not be stopped in less than a week, if then.
from the river bank to the City Railroad, we found the road under water
as far down as General Taylor street. Thence we crossed to the
Carrollton Railroad, and received information that, from Bouligny to
Louisiana Avenue, the road was overflowed, although not enough to cause
the stoppage of the railroad cars.
is no present cause for apprehension of an overflow of the city by the
invading flood, the levee which extends from the railroad along Toladano
to Baronne street, down that street to Eighth street, and thence to the
New Basin, presenting a barrier that, with proper attention, it is said,
will successfully resist the flood and throw it off to find its
discharge by the rear of the city into the lake. A large force of men,
we understand, was employed yesterday in raising and strengthening this
levee where necessary.
deplorable effect of this crevasse will be the destruction of the many
vegetable gardens which have already and may become submerged, or at
least the destruction of the crops, which, at this time, are so much
needed for city consumption. The destruction and loss of property to
many people who are little able to bear it, will be very grievous.
of people were hastening to the vicinity of the crevasse yesterday
afternoon, and to-day, we presume, there will be a strong tide of travel
in that direction.
have already mentioned the death of Fitz James O’Brien, of the time
and manner of which we are, however, as yet unadvised. The Boston Post
has the following on the subject:
Lieut. Fitz James O’Brien was sacrificed by an ignorant Methodist
minister, who had received an appointment as surgeon, through some
political influence, and who dressed his wound so unskillfully that for
more than a month the gallant soldier was suppurating his life away. A
re-section of the joint of his arm by a competent person caused tetanus,
from which he died. The last words he ever wrote were to a friend,
describing the painful operation:
my shoulder bone and a portion of my upper arm have been taken away. I
nearly died. My breath ceased, heart ceased to beat, pulse stopped.
However, I got through. I am not yet out of danger from the operation,
but a worse disease has set in. I have got tetanus, or lockjaw. There is
a chance of my getting out of it, that’s all. In case I don’t,
good-bye, old fellow, with all my love. I don’t want to make any legal
document, but I desire that you and Frank Wood should be my literary
executors, because after I’m dead I may turn out a bigger man than
when living. I’d write more if I could, but I’m very weak. Write to
me. I may be alive. Also get Wood to write.”
next morning O’Brien felt a little better than usual, and being helped
up, sat for a time on the side of his bed. He now managed to swallow a
little beef tea, which was given to him through a syringe. The doctor
then asked him if he would take a glass of sherry. O’Brien said
“Yes.” While slowly sipping the sherry he turned pale and fell back.
The doctors immediately dashed cologne water in his face, and began to
fan him with the pillows. But it was too late. His features were set in
death. But for the incompetency of the imposter who at first handled the
wounds, he would now be alive and well.
Small Note Currency.
publish to-day a most important notice, by Gen. Shepley, the Military
Commandant of New Orleans, in which he not only assures all persons who
hold the bills that have been issued by the individuals and
co-partnerships whose names have been published by the City Treasurer,
that those notes will all be redeemed by that officer, as soon as a
sufficient number of the city notes can be prepared and signed, and
that, ample security having been given for their redemption, holders
would be rash and foolish to part with them at a sacrifice below their
par value, but he also expects and directs butchers,
bakers, and dealers in provisions to receive them in payment from their
customers. . .
is now no excuse left to the extortionate dealer in the necessities of
life for charging two or three prices for the articles he sells, and for
which extortion he has hitherto had the apology always ready that he
distrusts the value of the money offered him. The notes . . . are
guaranteed by the highest authorities, and on the most ample security,
to be good, and perfectly safe to take. The credit of the city is doubly
pledged for them, and that credit is unquestionable.
the regulations which have been established as the law to govern us, we
may now anticipate the resumption of much of that business which has
been suspended so long in our city; at least so much of it as includes
traffic in the ordinary necessities of life, food, fuel, raiment, and
the like. Thus will much of the poverty and distress which now afflict
our people be relieved, and many scenes, now of daily occurrence, of
fearful suffering, be prevented for the future.
MAY 26, 1862
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
DEFEAT OF GEN. BANKS!
REBEL ARMY MOVING ON WASHINGTON!
RIOT IN BALTIMORE!
May 25.—The city has been in a state of intense excitement
throughout the day. The news of the disaster to
Col. Kenley’s 1st Maryland regiment at Fort Royal occasioned
intense feeling, and when the secessionists commenced to congregate at
corners this morning with radiant faces and words of rejoicing, they
were attacked and beaten during the day. At least a hundred have been
knocked down in different parts of the city, though the police
interfered and prevented any fatal results. In one or two cases ropes
were brought out and preparations made for hanging parties to lamp
posts. Two men were stabbed, but not dangerously.
those attacked was Robert McLane, late Minister to Mexico, who was saved
by the police. Two members of Kenley’s regiment have arrived in the
city. They report they were attacked [by a] cavalry force under Ashby
and several regiments of infantry, and twice repulsed them with great
loss. Kenley’s force consisted of the 1st Maryland regiment, one
section of Knapp’s Pennsylvania battery and three companies of the
29th Pennsylvania. Whilst the fight was progressing, two companies of
the New York cavalry came to their assistance. The fight commenced at 12
o’clock and continued up to night, when the infantry force succeeded
in surrounding them.
first fight and repulse took place east of the Shenandoah, and finding
the force too great, he retreated to the west side, destroying one of
the bridges, but was too hotly pursued to succeed in destroying the
principal bridge. He made another stand on the west side of the river,
and Knapp’s battery mowed the rebels down with shell and grape.
fired in all nearly 200 rounds,. Kenley received a musket shot in the
neck during the first attack, but continued on horseback till the close
of the day, when he was placed in an ambulance, perfectly exhausted.
last fight took place about four miles this side of Fort Royal, his
effort being to fall back in order, expecting reinforcements momentarily
from Gen. Banks.
member of Knapp’s battery who escaped says the Maryland regiment
fought with indomitable bravery; and that Col. Kenley led them on
frequently to bayonet charges. He also says that on the third approach
of Ashby he displayed a white flag till within pistol range, when Col.
Kenley ordered to cease firing; the flag was then thrown down and the
enemy rushed on our troops, cutting and slashing and refusing all
Opinions of the Rebel Cause.
package of rebel letters captured in one of the recent skirmishes about
Corinth, having come into the hands of a correspondent of the N. Y. Herald,
the correspondent sends some extracts too that paper for publication. Of
the letters some were very war-like and confident, but others were
animated by a vastly different spirit, as will be observed by what we
publish from the World:
is written from New Orleans, April 18, by Mrs. Shubrick, who appears to
be the wife of a lieutenant in a Louisiana company of sharpshooters. It
is elegantly written, and well expressed. After recounting some family
matters, she says: “Provisions of every kind are high and scarce.
There is much suffering, and starvation stares the poor in the face. The
Lincoln fleet is below, and I expect they will take the city, though
Colonel S. says they cannot. But I see no hope either for New Orleans or
the confederate cause. The Yankees have accomplished whatever they have
undertaken, and I shall expect to see them here in a week. There are
many thousands here who will hail their coming with joy, and, for
myself, I shall not be exceedingly sorry. We have had nothing but
suffering and misrule since the war began. O how I wish you were out of
the army. I see nothing but defeat for the future.”
was from “Lucy” to a “brother” in the Sixth Arkansas Regiment,
and was of the Hoosier style of epistolation. It opened” “Dear
brother we Are all to hum except sam, who weas away up to Missouri
more’n tu months ago. He is with Gen. Price, and was in the great pea
Ridge fight. He says they licked the Lincolners, but father says that
folks as are licked don’t come ahead as these Lincolners have done; so
we think Sam must be mistaken. Sl. Moss got back yesterday, with a
broken jaw, done, he says by a minny bullet, and he says its no use to
fight any more, that there are too many Northers, and that we have got
into a bad scrape. Tom Mix, hurrahed for the Union the other day, when
he heard that fort Donelson was took, and they hung him to a tree, but
Col. Appling came along fore he was quite dead, and made them take him
down, and he is now hid in the woods.”
was post marked at Galveston, and was written from a father to a son in
one of the Texas regiments. He says: “We have been terribly anxious
about you since we heard of the great battle at Shiloh. It was a great
relief when, the other day, Col. Peckham said that his son wrote that
you were uninjured. I see some claim the battle as a victory for
Beauregard. But military men here do not so view it. The Yankees, though
terribly handled on the first day, held the battle-field, and our army
retreated. But that the southern soldiers fought well there can be no
doubt. Yet I see no chance for us. This I tell you privately, but dare
not express it here. Our day of success is past, if we ever had any
chance. Our leaders have let the opportunity for it pass unimproved.
When your time is out, do not enlist again. Get North, if you can, until
the war is over. I look for the fall of New Orleans and the opening of
the Mississippi. I can see now that we cannot contend with the
northerners with any hope of advantage. Our leaders have deceived us and
betrayed us into this ruinous war. May God forgive them; I never can.”
More Evacuations.—The Richmond Enquirer (official organ of
the Administration) uses the following language evidently by authority:
we are gratified to say that the time has come when, for the future at
least, we all shall be agreed. All voluntary falling back has ended, and
the fighting has commenced. What the enemy gains henceforth he gains by
the bayonet. What we can win from him we will have. We will break his
columns, and pursue him into his own country, if God shall prosper our
arms. Strike!—strike often, strike hard, strike at every
opportunity—is henceforth the rule. Vigilance, activity, enterprise,
daring, are, we trust, to be its interpreter.”
MAY 27, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
is something worse than mortifying to have the foreign echo of the
capture of New Orleans find us here speculating as to the safety of the
capital. How much are foreign observers expected to believe as to our
ability to deal with the rebellion, when at the very moment that our
generals seem to have their hand upon the throat of the monster, the
third appeal is made to the country to “Save the capital?” It
certainly speaks very ill for the success of the government so far, if
now in the thirteenth month of the war Washington is not safe; and
Washington being safe, it speaks ill for the judgment of those who are
in haste to tell the world that the city is in danger.
then does the case stand? Invited by the diminution of General Banks’s
force and his enforced withdrawal to Strasburg, the enemy have pushed a
column of twenty or thirty thousand men—conjecture is quite wild as to
the number—consisting apparently of the same forces whom Banks had had
before him all the spring in the valley. With this force it is suggested
that Washington is to be attacked—a city fortified and garrisoned in
sufficient strength to detain for days together in siege operations a
force of double the reported strength of the rebels; and this force, it
is supposed, is to make this attack, with the certainty that McDowell,
by the simplest of movements, must cut off its retreat and destroy it!
Danger to Washington would seem to be the last of the perils which the
movement threatens to cause of the government.
did seem upon the first reception of the news, that the enemy might
undertake to throw himself into Maryland long enough to incite a rising
there, the destruction of railroads and burning of bridges, and other
measures of insult and annoyance. But it does not now appear that even
this is contemplated. It seems more probable that he will not endanger
his retreat, and that he will content himself for the present with the
unexpected encouragement given to secessionists and their sympathies
everywhere, and with the disastrous moral effect produced in the valley
by our retreat. And well may he be content with this? What could do more
than the history of these
few days, to satisfy the Baltimore rebel that their day is to come at
last? Who is now to persuade the people of the valley that when the
government enters their territory it means or is able to stay there?
They were incredulous when they saw Jackson in disorderly retreat to
Staunton. Who can convince hem that the rebellion is not to succeed,
when they have seen the army which was then pursuing him withdrawn, and
Winchester—saved but a short time since by hard fight—now lost by
our troops? It is in these respects and not as a menace to Washington,
that the late movements are to be regarded as important. It would be
well if lookers-on from abroad had not been led to form any other idea.
rebel paper says:
the battle of Shiloh it is estimated there were discharged on the
Confederate side one million balls from small arms. The official report
of the Federal loss in killed and wounded is 13,000. Allowing that the
true number was much greater, say 20,000, still leaves 980,000 shots
throw away by our soldiers! That is, our boys succeeded one time out of
fifty shots in doing some execution! Forty nine misses and one hit! Now,
wouldn’t it be better to save the powder and lead, do less shooting
and more execution?”
Excitement in Baltimore.
May 26.—The excitement continues. This morning all who utter
disloyal sentiments are knocked down. Baltimore street, from Calvert to
Halliday, is crowded. There is considerable excitement, the crowd
chasing obnoxious people and occasionally beating some one. The people
are demanding the display of flags from all the newspaper offices and
public buildings. All complied except the News Sheet, which
office was closed and abandoned. Subsequently the proprietors appeared,
reopened their office, and displayed the flag.
excitement is fearful, and prominent secessionists have disappeared from
the streets. The military have taken no part in these movements. A
recruiting office has just opened on Baltimore street, displaying a flag
bearing the inscription, “Recruiting Office of the 18th Maryland
was stated yesterday that Robert B. McLane, late Minister to Mexico, was
molested by Union men. This was an error.
is now quiet in Baltimore. The vigorous exertions of the Police
Commissioners have resulted in restoring order. There is a feeling of
view of the active movements in progress it is thought that the rebels
will stand a chance of being caught in a trap.
Lose Richmond.—The Richmond Dispatch speaks as follows of
the serious effect of the impending loss of Richmond:
lose Richmond is to lose Virginia, and to lose Virginia is to lose the
key to the Southern Confederacy. Virginians, Marylanders, ye who have
rallied to her defence, would it not be better to fall in her streets
than too basely abandon them, and view from the surrounding hills the
humiliation of the capital of the Southern Confederacy? To die in her
streets would be bliss to this, and to fall where tyrants strode would
be to consecrate the spot anew and wash it of every stain . . .
loss of Richmond in Europe would sound like the loss of Paris or London,
and the moral effect will scarcely be less. Let us therefore avert the
dread disaster by a reliance on ourselves. It is better that Richmond
should fall as the capital of the Confederacy, than that Richmond exist
[as] the depot of the marching horde of the North. But Richmond can be
defended, and saved from pollution. The fate of the capital of the
Confederacy rests with the people.”
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Destruction of Norfolk Navy Yard.—The Navy Yard at Norfolk was
destroyed after our troops occupied the city. It appears that the
first intelligence that the Navy Yard was uninjured at the time of
surrender was correct, but at 10 o’clock the next morning, openly
before the sun, the buildings in the Navy Yard were fired, and property
worth millions destroyed. Now this is the history: Norfolk and its
surroundings, after being taken, while on our possession, and guarded by
Union troops, was suffered to be despoiled of the public property
therein! The query is pregnant, why was not a sufficient guard placed
over the Navy Yard and the public property to prevent the destruction
Railroad Communication West.—Railroad communication between the
East and the great West was never so simplified and rapid as under the
new arrangement of this summer. A train which leaves here via the
Worcester and Western roads shortly after 4 A.M. reaches Albany at noon,
making a connection with the New York Central road, and arriving at
Buffalo the same evening. Under this admirable arrangement Boston papers
are read in Chicago and Detroit twenty-four hours after publication, and
in Buffalo the same evening, and Albany at noon, being received there
only ten minutes later than New York papers via the Hudson River road of
the same day. The early train from here connects with all the
intervening roads to Albany, among tem the Connecticut River road at
Springfield, by which the morning Boston papers are forwarded, reaching
Bellows Falls and other places in Vermont during the forenoon, or some
four or six hours in advance of any preceding arrangement.—Boston
News in Times Gone By.—When the battle of New Orleans was fought
January 8, 1815, the news did not reach New York until the 11th of
February—and even this was deemed speed quite remarkable in those
days. The intelligence was thirty-two hours in reaching Boston from New
York. The Columbian Sentinel of February 8th says:
“We have nothing later from New Orleans than January 6th.” Two days
afterwards the same paper states: “News of Battle of New Orleans
Homestead Bill.—The following synopsis of the Homestead Bill,
recently passed in Congress, is by Speaker Grow:
the lands owned by the Government are open to settlement under it in
quantities not exceeding 160 acres to each person.
person who is a citizen of the United States, or has declared intention
to become such, who is 21 years old, or the head of a family, or has
served in the military or naval service of this country during this
rebellion, can make the entry on the payment of ten dollars and
the fees of the register and receiver of the land office. That is all
the settler has to pay at any time.
act takes effect the first of January next, and requires a residence and
cultivation of five years to perfect the title.
person can enter, under this act, land on which he has a pre-emption
Disorganization.—It is impossible, even for a blind man, in
Washington, not to feel, even if he cannot see, that there is here the
head of a great conspiracy to subvert the republic, the republican form
of government, the existence of the States—aye, the whole
constitutional system, from beginning to end—and in lieu thereof, to
substitute a Federal Despotism, a consolidated government—it may be a
mock republic, but a monarchy in fact.
readiness with which a portion of the press accepted Gen. Hunter’s
recent act of insubordination and usurpation, is one of the most painful
signs of the times. It showed a willingness to clothe a military leader
with absolute and irresponsible power. It was a premonitory symptom of
that moral disorganization following upon civil war, which precedes and
invites a military dictatorship.
Constitution and system of government have been secured at great
sacrifice; and matured with wisdom. The madness of party has hesitated
wholly to disregard them. And yet when a crack-brained General, in
temporary command of troops proposes to thrust aside the Constitution
and laws, and the orders of government, and his duty as a soldier, there
are men calling themselves citizens of the Republic, base enough to
applaud him. The boon of an imaginary freedom, to a few thousand blacks,
they are willing to accept by the surrender of the freedom of twenty
millions of whites. The policy of pure abolitionism, such as Hunter
promulgated, is not sustained by one twentieth part of the voters of the
Union. It is distinctly and emphatically condemned by
nineteen-twentieths. Yet the attempt of a military chief to overrule the
people, is applauded as an illustration of progress in freedom. When the
day comes when a military chief will be upheld in such acts as that of
Gen. Hunter, we may bid farewell to the liberties of the country.
schemes are pressed by the anarchists in Congress, which, once secured,
will revolutionize our social and political system. One is the
emancipation and arming of the Negroes of the South--the other, the
confiscation of the lands of the Southern people and their distribution
among the soldiery and freedmen. To these ends, all the energies of the
abolitionists are pressed; and though baffled from time to time, and
disappointed in par, they will succeed unless resisted by the united
energies of that large class who desire to put down rebellion, but do
not wish to sacrifice the government of our fathers or the hopes of
posterity in it.—Albany Argus.
St. Louis Republican, speaking of the ultra measures now before
of loyal hearts, which beat only to the music of the Union, are watching
with painful anxiety the struggle which is now going on between the
extreme Republicans, who care not what becomes of the Union, if they can
retain power, and the patriots and moderate men of every shade of
politics, who are seeking only to preserve the integrity of the
Republic. Many of them are called disloyal, and are said to have
‘secession proclivities,’ because they will not bow the knee to the
Baal of Abolitionism; but they will hold the even tenor of their way,
despite opprobrious epithets, in the confident belief that good sense
and moderation will triumph, and that the efforts of the extreme
Republicans, Abolitionists and Secessionists will alike fail to dissolve
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
the Southwest we have tolerably trustworthy news of another rebel
evacuation—that of Fort Pillow, erroneously called Fort Wright for
some time. It would seem that the enemy have fallen back on Fort
Randolph, which is a strong fortification twelve miles below Fort
Pillow, on the second Chickasaw Bluff. It is thought they can make a
more thorough defence, while they are less exposed.
report concerning the position of affairs at Corinth are not full or
explicit. We are old that Beauregard has 103,000 men, of whom 30,000 are
intended for a reserve. Great sickness prevails among them, and they are
reduced to half rations.
papers of the 17th state that the Federal fleet was at Vicksburg, having
successfully overcome all obstacles to that point. A telegraph from
deserters says that the fleet had left Vicksburg for Memphis.
Dispatch from General Banks.
following was received at the War Department at 11 P.M., Monday:
have the honor to report the safe arrival of my command at this place
last evening at 10 o’clock, and the passage of the 5th Corps, which
crossed the river to-day with comparatively little loss. The
loss of men in killed, wounded and missing in the different
combats in which my command has participated since the march from
Strasburg on the morning of the 14th, I am unable now to report; but
have great satisfaction in being able to represent that although
serious, it is much less than might have been anticipated, considering
the very great disparity of forces engaged, and the long-matured plans
of the enemy, which aimed at nothing less than the capture of our entire
force. A detailed statement will be forwarded as soon as possible.
command encountered the enemy in a constant succession of attacks, and
in well contested engagements, at Strasburg, Middletown, Newbern, at a
point between these places, and at Winchester.
force of the enemy was estimated at from 15,000 to 20,000 men, with very
strong artillery and cavalry supports. My own force consisted of two
brigades, 4,000 strong, all told, 1,500 cavalry, 10 Parrott guns, and 6
smooth bores. The substantial preservation of the entire supply train is
a source of gratification. It numbered about 500 wagons, in a forced
march of 53 miles, 35 of which were performed in one day, subject to
constant attacks, in front, rear and flank, according to its position,
by the enemy in full force, the panics of teamsters, and the mischances
of river passage of more than 30 yards, with splendid preparations for
ford and ferry.
lost no more than fifty wagons.
full statement of the loss will be forwarded forthwith.
troops are in good spirits, and occupy both sides of the river.
P. Banks, Maj. Gen. Com.
Curtin of Pennsylvania has received the following from reliable
May 26.—I have examined a dozen stragglers from the Maryland 1st
and Banks’ column, to-day. The testimony is concurrent as to the
brutal treatment of our sick and prisoners. A number of sick
Pennsylvanians, who were in Winchester, are hid in wheat fields. On
Banks’ route of retreat many were mercilessly butchered.”
report at Williamsport, received at Baltimore, says that as our troops
retreated through Winchester, the women fired upon them with pistols
from doors and windows, and that the sick left in the hospitals were
most brutally treated and some of them wounded.
received at the Navy Department state that a steamer, with a company of the
9th New York regiment, made an excursion up the Chowan River to Gates
County, N.C., on the 9th inst., and destroyed $50,000 worth of bacon, lard
and other stores belonging to the rebels.
the night of the 12th, Lieut. Flusser [USN] made an expedition six miles
above Elizabeth City, and rescued the apparatus belonging to Wade Point
steamer Alice, with bacon for the rebels, and the church bells of
Plymouth, which were to be cast into cannon, was captured by the steamers Ceres
and Lockwood, on the 14th, on the Roanoke River, two miles below
Appeal to the Farmers of the North.
May 24.—The Bulletin publishes the following appeal, received
Monroe, May 21.—We call upon the farmers of the North for supplies of
butter and eggs, to be sent here, to the care of Drs. Hunt and McKay, of the
Chesapeake and Mill Creek Hospitals. Sponges, oiled silk, rags, bandages,
lint, dried fruit are also urgently needed. In the name of our suffering
soldiers, I make this appeal.
John Harris, Sec’ry.
May 27, 8:30 P.M.
Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
find some of the newspapers publish letters from their correspondents with
this army giving important information concerning our movements, positions
of troops, &c, in positive violation of your orders. As it is impossible
for me to ascertain with certainty who these anonymous writers are, I beg to
suggest that another order be published, holding the editors responsible for
Among the Germans.—The N.Y. Sun says: “A tremendous reaction
against the republican party, as lately constituted, seems to be in progress
throughout the entire German population of the Northwest. In Iowa the
democrats are looking for thousands of German votes where they never had
them before, and in Minnesota, Missouri, Michigan, and even Ohio, the change
of sentiment is astonishing.”
has been some regret that Farragut has not a more euphonious name. A
gentleman with slight German proclivities says that it is not to be
complained of, that it is, in truth, “ferry goot.”
five hundred vessels are expected to sail from Boston for southern ports by
the first of June. Cargoes of ice will be taken by 200 of them.
supreme court of Illinois has decided, by unanimous vote, that United States
demand notes need not be accepted in payment for State taxes, but they must
be paid in gold and silver according to the State Constitution.
Adams.—Mrs. Arnold, wife of Harvey Arnold, Esq., has recently
presented Mr. Earle Clark—who many years since lost his right leg above
the knee, and has since been compelled to use a crutch—with an artificial
automaton leg, of the most approved manufacture, at a cost of $150. This
generous gift is most creditable. Such charities are flowers in the pathway
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
Latest Case of Rebel Treachery.—Our dispatches a day or two since
announced that the rebels on James River had fired upon a flag of truce.
The following particulars are given by the Fortress Monroe correspondent
of the Baltimore American:
bad affair has occurred on the James River, resulting in the loss of a
whole boat’s crew and several officers, of the gunboat Wachusett.
It appears that on Saturday last, when the fleet, consisting of the Wachusett,
Captain Smith, the Monitor, the Galena, the Port Royal
and Aroostook, anchored off City Point, the people came down with
flags of truce and suspended white flags at every prominent point. Capt.
Smith accordingly landed and found the inhabitants of the little town to
consist largely of women and children, who made the most earnest
protestations of opposition to the war, and that they were suffering for
many of the necessaries of life. In fact, the desire for peace among
them was so great that many of them professed Union sentiments, and
Captain Smith returned to the vessel highly pleased with the people, and
deeply commiserating their condition. Arrangements were made to receive
from them vegetables, and some assistance was given to the most
Monday morning an application was sent to the Wachusett to allow
a physician to come on shore to visit a woman said to be dangerously
ill. Believing the application to be a genuine appeal that humanity
required should be promptly attended to, Capt. Smith gave permission for
the surgeon of the ship to go on shore on a visit of mercy. The Wachusett
laid some distance below City Point at the time, and the surgeon,
accompanied by the chief engineer, the signal officer, one of the
master’s mate, and twelve men—the latter unarmed and the officers
carrying only their swords. The party landed without any interruption,
and proceeded to the town, leaving six of the unarmed sailors in the
men left in the boat heard nothing more of the party that landed, but in
about a half-hour a sharp fire was opened upon them by a party of rebels
in the woods. At the first fire two of the six fell dead, when the
balance, being unarmed, cried out for “quarter.” The answer of their
inhuman assailants, was, “We’ll quarter you, you ----- -----
-----,” when a second volley was fired, and three more fell into the
bottom of the boat wounded. The only remaining man immediately pushed
the boat off with his dead and wounded comrades, and taking to the water
“with the painter of the boat in his mouth, swam out of range of the
weapons of the cowardly assassins . He then took the ensign, and waving
it over his head, a boat from the Wachusett immediately started
to his assistance, and towed the boat back to the ship. It presented a
most terrible sight, the dead and dying lying together. One of the
wounded soon after died, and another two were brought to P this morning
on the steamer Baltimore.
balance of the party who landed, including the Surgeon, Chief Engineer,
Baker and eh Signal Officer, with six of the crew and one petty officer,
whose names I could not learn, were all surrounded on reaching the town,
and take prisoners by an armed guerilla band. A letter was received from
them announcing the fact, as well as that they were about to be sent as
prisoners to Raleigh.
Galena moved immediately up toward the settlement and opened her
ports preparatory to shelling ad destroying the place. This, of course,
caused great consternation, and the women ran down toward the water,
bearing white flags and screaming
for mercy, protesting that they knew nothing of any rebel bands being in
the vicinity, and denouncing the perpetrators of the outrage for their
inhuman conduct. They also gave information of a large rebel force
having returned to a point within three miles of City Point, a party
from which they declared had been the perpetrators. When the Baltimore
started the shelling of the town had not commenced, but negotiations
were going on between the people and Captain Smith by way of
investigating the matter.
Opening of the Rebel Blockaded Ports.—Instructions from the
Secretary of the Treasurer to Collectors, in accordance with the
President’s proclamation opening the ports of Beaufort, Port Royal and
New Orleans, have been issued.
following articles are named as contraband of war, for which clearances
will be refused, namely: Cannon, mortars, fire-arms, pistols, bombs,
grenades, fire-locks, flints, matches, powder, saltpetre, balls,
bullets, pikes, swords, sulphur, helmets or boarding pikes, sword belts,
saddles and bridles, always excepting a quantity of said articles
necessary for the defence of the ship and crew, cartridges, bag
material, percussion or other caps, clothing adapted for uniforms,
resin, sail cloth of all kinds, hemp and cordage, masts, ship timber,
tar and pitch, ardent spirits, military persons in the service of the
enemy, dispatches of the enemy, and articles of like character with
those specially enumerated.
will also refuse clearances to all vessels which, whatever their
ostensible destination, are believed to be intended for ports, or places
under the control of the insurgents or where there is imminent danger
that the goods, etc., of whatever description, will be used for the aid
and comfort of the insurrectionists. Collectors will require substantial
security that the goods will not be transported to any other place under
insurrectionary control, or to be used to give aid and comfort to the
with sufficient securities are to be required for the fulfillment of all
conditions imposed by law or Departmental regulations from shippers, of
the following articles to ports opened or other ports from which they
may easily be re-shipped in aid of the insurrection:
of all kinds, coal, iron, lead, copper, tin, brass, telegraphic
instruments, wire, porous cups, platina, sulphuric acid, zinc, and other
telegraphic materials, marine engines, screw propellers, paddle wheels,
cylinders, cranks, shafts, boilers, tubes for boilers, fire bars, and
every other article or component part of engines or boilers, or any
other article which can become applicable to the manufacture of marine
machinery or for the armor of vessels.
MAY 31, 1862
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
have mentioned some recent experiments in the absurd practice of college
hazing at Amherst. There are public and apparently authentic accounts,
not mentioned in the Boston papers, of a recent outrage committed upon
one of the freshmen of Harvard college by members of the sophomore
class, which narrowly escaped being actual murder. It is no excuse for
the outrage that it occurred in what is called “hazing,” a barbarous
practice which has come down from some dark age when the amusements of
even educated men were brutal, and the occurrence is all the more
shocking from the fact that the students of the college had but just
followed to his last resting place the late president Felton, who had
distinguished himself by a strenuous and apparently successful effort to
root out this relic of barbarism and persuade the young men of the
college that ruffianism is by no mean a gentlemanly accomplishment. But
this effort seems to have been soon forgotten, for immediately upon the
commencement of the present term the chronic deviltry developed itself
with all its old violence and unreason. In pursuance of the “hazing”
process, on a recent night a company of sophomores broke into the room
of a freshman, dragged him from his bed, and commenced a gross personal
assault upon him. Being a lad of some spirit, he did not readily submit
to the indignity, but seized a heavy stick and laid about him in
self-defence. He was soon overpowered by numbers, however, and in the
encounter he received a severe blow upon the head by a cudgel, which
felled him to the floor, laying the flesh open to the skull. His
assailants were frightened at the mischief they had done and fled, but
their victim has received injuries from which he will suffer for a long
time, and the surgeons say he has had a narrow escape with his life. The
ruffians were masked and were not identified.
occurrence like this carries its own comment. There is no other class of
society in which such an outrage could be committed without exciting
general indignation and bringing condign punishment upon the ruffians
guilty of it. Why should college students have immunity in such
murderous ruffianism? As we look at it, the government of the college
cannot maintain its claim to public confidence and respect unless it
takes every means to ferret out the authors of this outrage, and not
only visits upon them such penalties as the college rules require, but
hands them over to the courts to be dealt with like any other
desperadoes. Every student should be examined under oath, and every one
refusing to disclose what he knows of the affair should be punished and
degraded. In this way doubtless the ruffians can be discovered. And if
these outrages cannot otherwise be prevented the college had better
employ a permanent armed police, to watch every hall and passage, night
and day. The reputation and prosperity of the college are at stake in
this matter. Parents will not send their sons to a school where they
must either submit tamely to humiliating personal indignities, or expose
themselves to be beaten and maimed if they resist. The college had
better dismiss half its students, commit the other half to m ore
efficient discipline in the state prison or the house of correction, and
close its doors altogether, if it cannot find means to suppress these
dangerous and disgraceful practices.
board of overseers, we should suppose, might have its eyes opened by
these events to the necessity of placing at the head of the college
government a thorough disciplinarian—a man of energy, firmness and
tact—who shall at least be able to suppress such dangerous rowdyism as
that which has just been manifested. With a sleek and amiable old
gentleman in the presidential chair, such as the mutual admiration
society of Boston would be disposed to select for it, the rowdies would
practically govern the college, and it would be about as desirable and
safe a place for boys as a Five Points boxing club.
steamer Maratanzas arrived at New York on Thursday, brings New
Orleans mails and papers on the 17th instant. A communication from Jacob
Barker argues against the destruction of cotton; he also says if our
brave soldiers do not win for us a satisfactory peace, we must fall back
on the ballot-box, and suggest amendments to the constitution, to allow
the people to vote directly for president. An order from provost-marshal
French says all coffee-houses, bar-rooms, hotels, gaming establishments,
and billiard saloons must procure licenses immediately, under penalty of
confiscation. General Butler has ordered that the circulation of
confederate notes and bills cease on the 27th. All sales or transfers of
property on and after that day, in consideration of such notes or bills,
will be void, and the property confiscated to the United States,
one-fourth to go to the informer. An order suppresses the Bee
newspaper for an article in favor of cotton burning by the mob. An
office of the Delta is taken possession of, for an article
discussing the cotton question, in violation of Gen. Butler’s
proclamation of the 1st. . . Six persons are sentenced to be shot for
violation of their parole, given at Fort Jackson, in organizing a
military company for service in the rebel army. Gen. Butler forbade the
observance of Jeff Davis’s day of fasting and prayer. He had also
issued the order about women, previously reported via Corinth. He had
also suppressed the Crescent.
Department of the Gulf,
May 15, 1862.
the officers and soldiers of the United States have been subject to
repeated insults from the women calling themselves “ladies of New
Orleans,” in return for the most scrupulous non-interference and
courtesy on our part, it is ordered that hereafter when any female
shall, by word, gesture or movement, insult or show contempt for any
officer or soldier of the United States, she shall be regarded and held
liable to be treated as a woman of the town, plying her avocation. By
command of Major Gen. Butler.
C. Strong, A. A. G.
of the first things the rebels did was to remove and hide the lenses
from the lighthouses along the Southern coast, in hopes of luring Union
vessels onto the rocks or into shoal water. Recovering these parts was
of paramount importance to the U.S. Navy.
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