JUNE 1, 1862
city has just gone through a process which, it might have been
anticipated, would produce, if not a convulsion, some more of a
sensation than it seems to have done. The entire personnel of the
police has been changed within the compass of a single week, and is now
in good working order, day and night. Doubtless, in making the change,
some of the best and most useful of the old force have been omitted from
the new list, and there are particularly some of the captains and
lieutenants whose intimate knowledge of the town and all its people made
their services invaluable, and whom we do not find in the catalogue of
Orleans, at the present moment, needs, if ever she did since her
foundation, the active and faithful services of a good an efficient
police. That important part of the government of this city has too often
been entrusted to unworthy and unreliable hands, the posts under it
having been considered the price and reward of past partisan services,
or of such services yet to be rendered. Whatever may be the character of
the force just appointed, and that has yet to be developed, we may
fairly conclude that it is upon no such grounds as these that it has
it the more completely has it in its power to act independently and to
discharge the important duties devolving upon it faithfully, and without
favor or fear. Great interests are confided to its keeping, among which
are not only property and personal immunity from injury, but even the
liberty and the life of the citizen. Certainly a position of great and
heavy responsibility is that of the policeman, and it is meet that he
should consider it and its obligations most seriously upon assuming the
discharge of its functions.
have been informed that the new police has not been selected from the
large number of applicants without much discrimination and deliberation
on the part of Provost Marshal French, and from the prompt manner in
which that officer has performed the duties of his office since his
accession thereto, we deduce the conclusion that he will exercise such a
supervision of this important department as will secure its lasting
efficiency in the protection of the best interests of our community.
believe that there are yet a good many vacancies in some of the
districts to be filled, and in the meantime we suppose that detachments
of the military will continue to do police duty where their services are
Emigrate.—The Negroes of Boston have held a public meeting to
consider the subject of colonization. They don’t believe in the
project, and their resolutions are pointed:
That when we wish to leave the United States, we can find and pay for
that territory that shall suit us best.
That when we are ready to leave we shall be able to pay our own expenses
That we don’t want to go now.
That if anybody else wants us to go they must come and get us.
of New Orleans.
Further Reports of Commander Porter.
Steamer Harriet Lane,
Mississippi River, April 30, 1862.
inclose herewith the capitulation of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which
surrendered to the mortar flotilla on the 28th day of April,
1862. I also inclose in a box, forwarded on this occasion, all the flags
taken in the two forts, with the original flag hoisted on Fort St.
Philip when the State of Louisiana seceded.
Fort Jackson is a perfect wreck. Everything in the shape of a
building in and about it was burned up by the mortar shells, and over
1800 shells fell in the works proper, to say nothing of those which
burst over and around it. I devoted little attention to Fort St. Philip,
knowing that when Jackson fell St. Philip would follow. The mortar
flotilla is still fresh. Truly, the backbone of the rebellion is broken.
On the 26th of the month I sent six of the mortar schooners to the back
of Fort Jackson to block up the bayous and prevent supplies getting in.
Three of them drifted over to Fort Livingston, and when they anchored
the fort hung out a white flag and surrendered. The Kittatinny, which
had been blockading there for some time, sent a boat in advance of the
mortar vessels, and reaching the shore first, deprived them of the
pleasure of hoisting our flag over what had surrendered to the mortar
flotilla. Still the fort is ours, and we are satisfied. I am happy to
state that officers and crew are all well and full of spirits. I have
the honor to remain,
New Paper and a New Party in New York.—The New York Evening
Post, of the 13th inst., has the following:
Monitor is the title of a new German journal published in this city,
edited by Dr. Ignatz Koch, as the organ of the Union of
German-Americans, a political organization of American citizens of
German birth, who believe that slavery and freedom will be and must be
the watchword of the two great parties in the State, which will arise
out of the present war, and that either liberty must expel slavery, or
slavery will crush liberty.
the “Address of the German-American Party,” which forms the
“programme” of the Monitor, it is declared that both of the
present parties, the Democratic and the Republican, are virtually dead,
and have only those appearances of life exhibited by a corpse under the
effects of a galvanic battery. “There is apparent now and then a
convulsion of the muscles, but of spirit or soul there is no sign.”
this reason, it is stated, it has been determined by the leaders of the
German element in the United States to form a German-American party,
with the purpose to represent the views, wishes and demands of the
German citizens of the United States, independently of the old parties;
and to make their principles felt in the country by all the means in
their power. For this end a provisional central committee has been
chosen, and a party organization has been formed in this city. The
success of the movement has been such as to induce the establishment of
a weekly journal, the Monitor, as the organ of the new party.
JUNE 2, 1862
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
Battle Near Richmond!
June 1.—The following dispatch was received at the War Department
this forenoon, from the field of battle of the 1st:
M.—We have had a desperate battle,1 in which the corps
Gens. Sumner, Heintzelman and Keyes, have been engaged against vastly
superior numbers. Yesterday, ay 1 o’clock, the enemy taking advantage
of the terrible storm which had flooded the valley of the Chickahominy,
attacked our troops on the right flank. Gen. Casey’s division, which
was in the first line, gave way unaccountably and disunitedly. This
caused great confusion, during which, the guns and baggage were lost;
but Generals Heintzelman and Kearney most gallantly brought up their
troops, which checked the enemy. At the same time, however, we
succeeded, by great exertion, in bringing across Gens. Sedgwick and
Richardson’s divisions, who drove back the enemy at the point of the
bayonet, covering the ground with his dead. This morning the enemy
attempted to renew the conflict, but was everywhere repulsed. We have
taken many prisoners, among whom is Gen. Pettigrew and Col. Long. Our
loss is heavy, but that of the enemy must be enormous. With the
exception of Gen. Casey’s division, the men behaved splendidly.
Several fine bayonet charges have been made. The 2d Excelsior Regiment
made two to-day.
Maj. Gen. Commanding.
May 31, (via Cairo, June 1.)—A special dispatch to the N. Y. Tribune
says, yesterday morning our reserve divisions were brought up, and our
entire front moved forward, the men having two days’ rations in their
haversacks. During the day we kept up a tremendous cannonading, shelling
the woods furiously. The rebels hardly showed themselves, but replied
feebly with a few shots. Last night we threw up breastworks along the
entire front, and slept on our arms within 1000 yards of the enemy’s
breastworks. At 6 o’clock this morning, Gen. Pope entered Corinth
without the slightest resistance, and took possession. At the same time,
the Mayor, who came out on a different road, met Gen. Nelson, and
surrendered the town to him. There were no inhabitants remaining, except
women, children and old men. The rebels succeeded in carrying away
absolutely everything except a few provisions which, with the warehouses
and depot, were burned before we arrived. They took every invalid from
the Hospital, and every letter from the Post Office. They did not leave
a single gun, and had been moving away troops for more than six days,
and stores two weeks.
most of the troops have gone toward Grand Junction. The rebel rear guard
under Bragg, 1000 strong, marched southward at midnight.
assert positively that Beauregard was there in person and left with it.
All concur that never more than 60,000 troop were there at once, and
usually much less.
rebel fortifications were five miles long from the Memphis &
Charleston to the Mobile & Ohio Railroads, but were much weaker than
we supposed. They could have been carried by storm any time.
few prisoners we have are deserters from the rebel rear guard.
is great mortification in our army.
have these details from one who was there in person.
New Feature in Warfare.
June 1.—During the whole of the battle of this morning, Prof.
Lowe’s balloon was overlooking the terrific scene from an altitude of
about 2000 feet. Telegraphic communication from the balloon to Gen.
McClellan, and indirect communication with the military wires, was
successfully maintained; Mr. Park Spring of Philadelphia, acting as
operator. Every movement of the enemy was obvious and instantly
reported. This is believed to be the first time in which a balloon
reconnoisance has been successfully made during a battle, and certainly
the first time in which a telegraphic station has been established in
the air to report the movements of the enemy and progress of a battle.
The advantage to Gen. McClellan must have been immense.
Doomed City.—The news from Charleston gives us particulars of the
declaration of martial law in that city. The Charleston Mercury,
in anticipation of an attack there, puts the query: “Is not Charleston
to be defended?” and a correspondent, speaking of a contemplated
surrender of the city, says: “If, indeed, this decree is written in
the Book of Fate, then let us know it at once, that patriots may have
the chance to die before so terrible a doom shall overtake them,”
is a doomed city. The hand of fate points at it with unerring finger. It
was here the first gun was fired at the flag. A sacrilege so great can
only be wiped out by a terrible penalty. Like the cities of the plain,
this offending city may become as desolate, and may never be forgiven by
an overruling power, till the besom2 of destruction has swept
over its devoted head.
Fall of New Orleans.—The London Times has some speculations
on the fall of New Orleans. It admits that it is a great blow to the
rebels, and thinks they will feel it essentially. The Times thus
discourses on that glorious victory to the Northern cause:
cannot be a pleasant thing to lose the commercial capital of the South,
and still to lose it in this inglorious manner. It is vain to deny that
the possession of New Orleans is such a loss to the South, that if the
city could be maintained by the Federal power for an indefinite time,
the South, great as it is, must pine, and dwindle, and go back to its
natural state of forest and swamp. It is vain to say that a force
holding that city, and supreme wherever a boat can swim, cannot spread
devastation far abroad, and ruin all the classes which depend upon
profits derived from without. To do the Southerners justice, they appear
inclined, at least tacitly, to admit a great part of this.”
Times seems to doubt the endurance of the South. So do we. They
have a hard road before them, if they think to ruin themselves and their
country for a series of years, by standing out in their rebellious
course. Says the Times: “If the Southerners have but the
endurance of which it would be easy to cite a hundred instances, they
may well laugh the idea of subjugation to scorn. But they have sometimes
talked so loudly and acted so feebly—as in this case of New
Orleans—that we are not certain that words really mean facts.”
is no “subjugation” in the case—but it would appear as though the Times
would never find that out. It throws in a crumb of comfort for its
friends, where it says: “they have the Merrimac, which for the
moment holds the command of the little sphere in which she moves.”
Have they? When the news reaches our brother Thunderer, as it has before
this, that this commanding monster has been “blown sky high,” and
her hideous bones now lie hurled “in the vasty deep,” he will change
his tune, and no doubt find some other “consolation” to offer these
infamous villains, who are carrying on this bloody war for no other
purpose than their own aggrandizement.
JUNE 3, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
the past week there has been an unwonted activity in the shipment of
breadstuffs to Europe. There was shipped from the port of New York,
1,127,618 bushels of grain, and 27,018 barrels of flour. The Great
Eastern took out 98,241 bushels of wheat, and about 350 tons of
the 8th inst.,3 the Provost Marshal at Ship Island, with a
detachment of troops, made a visit to Biloxi and destroyed the telegraph
communicating with Ocean Spring and New Orleans. He found considerable
latent Union feeling, but the persistent lying of the Rebels—who
insisted that their army had whipped the Yankees at Corinth, and was
steadily driving them north—prevented any open demonstration. All the
able-bodied men were being drafted, care being taken to get any man who
might be suspected of Unionism.
Fourth of July.—The finance committee on the raising of funds for
the celebration on the coming Fourth, commenced their duties yesterday,
and before nightfall raised over $600. The celebration is a sure thing;
so let those who have plenty give plenteously, and let every man do
according to his ability. . .
principal feature of the celebration will be two balloon ascensions by
the brothers Brooks, the well known æronauts. The committee on balloons
are unanimous on this part of the programme.
Lecture.—Owing either to the hot weather or the subject, John B.
Gough did not have as good a house last night as when he was here
before. “Temperance” was his subject, and probably there is no man
in the country better able to handle this subject than Mr. Gough. His
lecture was full of facts, statistics and anecdotes, given as only he an
give them, and oftentimes causing the audience to give expression to
their feelings by long and continued applause, (which, we believe, is
forbidden by the trustees of the church). Mr. G.’s description of his
ascent of Mount Blanc was very fine. Henry Clay, he said, had once told
him that war, famine and pestilence were the greatest evils a country
could have, but he differed with the statesman, thinking that war,
slavery and drunkenness were the greatest ills that could come upon a
nation—and those which it seems we are called upon to-day to bear. He
says that rum is killing more soldiers than powder, but still thinks
that young men are better off on the battle-field than in the grog shop.
He gave some very amusing anecdotes of his adventures in England and in
America, and wound up with an eloquent appeal in behalf of the
Street Evacuated—Advance on Washington.—At an early hour
on Monday morning, last, Messrs. John B. Eldridge and wife, Ellery Hills
and wife, and Daniel Phillips and wife, started on a pleasant trip to
Washington and localities in that vicinity. All of the party being
residents of Pratt street, that locality presents a deserted appearance.
Wm. Davis, a contraband from Fortress Monroe, delivered an address
last evening in the North Church, New Haven. Mr. D. was 47 years a slave
and related his experience. He will lecture in the Center Church in this
city on Friday evening next. Those who have heard him speak very highly
of him, as being a smart and intelligent man.
Burglary.—About ten o’clock on Saturday night a bold burglary
was committed at the office of the New Haven Steamboat Company, Peck
Slip, New York, by two men. Mr. Henry I. Wright of this city, the agent
of the Company, left the office for home at 9 o’clock, but in about an
hour he returned for something which he had forgotten. He was unable to
enter the office, and suspecting something wrong, he procured the aid of
policemen, who guarded all the outlets to the premises, and then
commenced a search. The two burglars were found concealed in the attic,
and the money which they had taken from the safe, amounting to $3,852,
was found concealed in a cotton bale. The safe had been drilled and
blown open in order to get the money. But for the return of Mr. Wright
to his office at 10 o’clock, the thieves would, in all probability,
have made clean work of their job.
Novel Scene in Court.—On
Friday last, four Sisters of the Good Shepherd took out their papers of
naturalization in New York. The ladies were dressed in cream-colored
merino, black flowing crape veils, white bands round their foreheads,
blue corded belts with tassels, and a large silver heart suspended from
the neck of each. It appears that they are part owners of property on
which their institution is situated, and it becomes necessary for them,
in order to legally hold it, to become citizens of the U.S. The regular
questions were answered satisfactorily, and the oath of allegiance was
administered by N. Jarvis, Esq., and three subjects of the Queen and one
Bavarian have their allegiance to the United States.
Public Clocks.—Confound the clocks! Confound the keepers thereof!
There was good ten minutes discrepancy, yesterday, between the Center
and the State House clock. Lots of trouble and miscarriage is caused the
omnibus men, as well as many other classes, by this utterly unnecessary
difference. Which o the clocks is right, nobody cares a fig; all we ask
is that one standard, and one only, should be recognized in our
public time-pieces. Let pedants stickle for apparent or real, solar,
sidereal or corrected time; the public asks only that all the public
clocks tell a uniform story. The clock at the station of the railroad is
carefully corrected, and it would be easy to adopt that time-piece as
the guide and set all our public clocks by it. There ought to be a law
passed by the legislature, if no other body has the power to correct
this evil; for a serious practical inconvenience it daily and hourly is
to both residents and visitors to our city.
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
WHAT THE REBELS MEANT TO DO.
June 3.—The government regards it as a palpable fact that the
movers in the present rebellion never entertained the expectation of
achieving a revolution. What they desired was to open a point for
foreign intervention on which they relied to overthrow the Union. They
began their intrigues even before they ventured upon rebellion, and ever
since have applied themselves to this work of intervention. The pretence
of revolution was therefore a fraud and is now exposed to the world. It
is not doubted that these views are now or soon will be known to
European Governments through the Secretary of State.
highly interesting report was made in the House this afternoon by
Representative Blair of Missouri from the Committee on Military Affairs,
with an amendment reported as a supplementary section to the pending
bill for enlarging the Illinois Canal and improving the Illinois river.
The section provides for enlarging the locks of the Erie and Oswego
Canals to a size adequate to pass gunboats at a cost not exceeding three
War Department has not received any further details of the late battle
in front of Richmond.
news of public interest has been received from the army at Corinth.
from the Valley of the Shenandoah indicate a race, in which so far
Jackson’s army has the lead.
Fleet in the Service of the U.S. Sanitary Commission.—There are
now in the service of the United States Sanitary Commission, for
employment in the transportation of the sick and wounded in the army of
the Potomac, the following vessels, viz: The ocean steamers Daniel
Webster No. 1, and the S. R. Spaulding, the steamers Elm
City, Knickerbocker and Daniel Webster No. 2, and
the tenders Elizabeth and Wissahickon. In addition to the
above steam fleet, a large sailing vessel, (the St. Mark’s 1870
tons,) is now being fitted up as a permanent stationary hospital for
York River. The Western fleet of the Commission is not involved in the
above list. About 4900 sick and wounded soldiers have already been
transferred from the seat of war near Yorktown to hospitals at other
points by transports managed by the Commission.—Washington Sunday
Blockade.—The English journals which have been so confident that
there is no blockade on our coast, will be dismayed at the fate of the
fleet sent out to evade our squadron and to carry arms and munitions
into Charleston and Wilmington. Besides the capture of two rebel
steamers, Commodore Dupont announces the capture of three which are
probably British, laden with British goods and all, we believe, from
certainly begins to appear as though something besides paper was at work
on that coast. The Liverpool firm, who are reported to have made one
million sterling and no losses in evading the blockade, will probably
have something now to enter on the other side of the account. There is
still quite a fleet on its way to our coast from which we may yet hear
by way of Dupont, unless the alarm is given at Nassau and they lose
courage and seek some other market for their wares.
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser sighs for a “great leader to
upturn the existing state of things, and take us safely through the
revolution.” The editor then asserts that during the war, thus far,
“the whole tendency has been to repress the leading merit and give
commanding positions to mediocrity.”
is every indication that the ensuing summer and fall will see a vigorous
revival in mercantile affairs. In the book trade, which is as sensitive
as a barometer to all outside influences, there seems, lately, to have
been a marked change. For instance, Mr. Carlton of New York, has sold
five thousand copies of Victor Hugo’s “Les Misérables,” and four
thousand copies of “Artemus Ward,” in less than seven days after the
date of their publication. This is doing well in spite of the war.
are 15 military hospitals in service in St. Louis, affording
accommodations for 5750 patients, and a reserve of 250 beds, making a
total of 6000. The number of patients admitted has been 19,457, of whom
1400 have died; 15,717 have been furloughed, discharged or returned to
their regiments, and 3750 remain.4 There have been 162
additional deaths of soldiers in private houses, &c. From the date
of appointment by the Commanding General, Sept. 10, 1861, to May 1,
1862, the Western Sanitary Commission has received 985 cases of goods
from eighteen States, and Massachusetts has sent the largest number,
223. Illinois comes next, having sent 132.
National Intelligencer is informed by persons who have recently
been over the principal portion of the State that the grain looks
exceedingly promising throughout Maryland. The oats needed rain, but the
recent beautiful showers have remedied that evil, and a full crop is now
expected. The rye has already headed and looks finely, while the wheat
is very thick and tall for the season.
Museum.—Miss Charlotte Thompson is certainly pretty, pleasant and
pleasing; Miss C. T. is likewise and actress by profession and practice,
But, like a good many other youthful creatures who cultivate the drama,
Miss C. T. stands in her own light. She sets up for a star. Well,
that’s all right enough. But she wants to be a big star—and there
she makes a miss of it. A taper don’t fill a vast saloon, nor anything
but a sun light up space. So it is better for the new planet to
illuminate a world of moderate size, then to shed a dim glimmer over
immensity. Miss Thompson hasn’t quite rays enough to irradiate the
dramatic system which she
affects, although she might be brilliant in one of less proportions.
“Camille,” and the melo-drama announced for this evening, which is
“Madeleine, or the Belle of Faubourg,” are unsuited to her. Their
great dullness is too much for her to lighten. Why should she eclipse
herself in this way? A bright, intelligent face, a sweet voice and a
graceful person, area good
capital, and, if well invested, may bring rich return. Let Miss Thompson
be a star, if she chooses, but let her be a star of her natural size and
in her proper place. Then shall it be perceived by any observer that she
really evolves a light, and the perception shall be grateful.
ST. ALBANS DAILY MESSENGER (VT)
Butler’s Course at New Orleans
Butler is “taking the bull by the horns” in New Orleans. His orders
all thick and fast, and the rebels have no doubt before this time found
out that he is not a man to be trifled with. No sooner had Gen. Butler
taken possession of the city, when the women commenced insulting
officers and soldiers in all manner of ways. Being women, they thought
they could escape the punishment they so justly deserve. But not so. The
order . . . directing that all women insulting our soldiers should be
treated as women of the town plying their avocation, will undoubtedly
have a tendency to put a stop to
the insulting conduct of the dear ladies of New Orleans.
order was at first misconstrued. It was regarded as an outrage upon the
ladies of the South by the Mayor of the city, and was so proclaimed by
Beauregard to his troops, but when rightly interpreted and as explained
by Gen. Butler, it admits of no such construction. By a municipal
regulation of New Orleans, women of the town found plying their trade in
the streets are liable to imprisonment in the calaboose; and all Gen.
Butler meant to have understood, by his order which so much stirred up
the rebels, was that those who insulted our troops should be treated in
the same manner.
important seizures have been made by
Gen. Butler, among which was that of $800,000 in specie in the house of
the Consul of the Netherlands. The consul naturally objected to the
seizure of the money, but as it was sealed and stamped “Citizens Bank,
N.O.” the commanding General did not hesitate on this account.
Eighteen consuls of foreign nations remonstrated against the act as a
violation of treaty obligations. General Butler told the gentlemen that
it was proved that the flag of the Netherlands was made to cover
property that belonged to the rebels, which could not be allowed.
Butler has managed most admirably since he has been in New Orleans. He
has treated the citizens with much consideration and respect—far
better than they deserve. The Mayor has from the first acted like a
fool, but he has at last got his desserts, and is now lodged in Fort
Jackson with other prominent Secessionists of the city. The
secessionists of New Orleans will find that Gen. Butler’s orders will
be executed to the letter, and the sooner they are convinced of this,
the better it will be for them. The Commanding General at New Orleans is
the “right man in the right place.”
How the Mayor of New Orleans was Brought to Modify His Opinion
Mayorality of New Orleans, May 16
Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, Commanding U.S. Forces
general order, No. 28, of date 15th inst., . . . is of a character so
extraordinary and astonishing that I cannot, holding the office of chief
magistrate of this city, chargeable with its peace and dignity, suffer
it to be promulgated in our presence without protesting against the
threat it contains, which has already aroused the passions of our
people, and must exasperate them to a degree beyond control. Your
officers and soldiers are permitted, by the terms of this order, to
place any construction they please upon the conduct of our wives and
daughters, and, upon such constructions, to offer them
peace of the city and the safety of your officers and soldiers from harm or
insult, have, I affirm, been successfully secured to an extent enabling them
to move through our streets almost unnoticed, according to the understanding
and agreement entered into between yourself and the city authorities. I did
not, however, anticipate a war upon women and children, who, so far as I am
aware, have only manifested their displeasure at the occupation of their
city by those whom they believe to be their enemies, and I will never
undertake to be responsible for the peace of New Orleans while such an
edict, which infuriates our citizens, remains in force. To give a license to
the officers and soldiers of your command to commit outrages such as
indicated in your order upon defenceless women, is, in my judgment, a
reproach to the civilization, not to say the christianity, of the age, in
whose name I make this protest. I am, sir, your obedient servant,
T. Monroe, Mayor.
this disrespectful letter Gen. Butler vouchsafed the following unequivocal
Department of the Gulf
New Orleans, May 16.
T. Monroe, late Mayor of the city of New Orleans, is relieved from all
responsibility for the peace of the city, and is suspended from the exercise
of any official functions, and committed to Fort Jackson until further
F. Butler, Maj. Gen. Commanding
order brought the Mayor up to headquarters in a hurry. Gen. Butler talked to
him very freely, and lectured him very severely for palcing such an
offensive construction on Order No. 28, and called his attention to its
language, which expressly declares that “hereafter” women insulting our
officers and men “shall be regarded and held liable to be treated as women
of the town." The General then told him that he must apologize for and
withdraw this letter or suffer the punishment for his offense indicated
above. The Mayor didn’t like “the look of things,” and made the
annexed apology and retraction, whereupon the General allowed him to resume
the functions of his office:
Butler—This communication, having been sent under a mistake of facts, and
being improper in language, I desire to apologize for the same, and to
16, John T. Monroe, Mayor.
day or two after making the apology, Mayor Monroe appeared at Gen.
Butler’s headquarters ad demanded the right to withdraw it, and General
Butler granted it; but informed the insolent Mayor that he had played with
the United States authority long enough and now he had got to go to Fort
Jackson. Judge Kennedy, John Mc’Clellan, Chief of Police, and D. G.
Duncan, who accompanied the Mayor and approved of his conduct, were also
sent to Fort Jackson.
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
OF THE WAR.
important events of the week, since our last issue, are the evacuation
of Corinth, the hasty retreat of Jackson, and the battle near Richmond.
It will be remembered that Beauregard, in his official report of the
battle of “Shiloh,” called Corinth “the strategic point of the
campaign.” This fact, with the evidences of a hasty flight which the
rebels left behind them at that place indicates that they became
satisfied that they could not successfully resist Gen. Halleck’s army,
and therefore suddenly changed their programme, and “skedaddled.”
rebel Jackson, after his dash upon Gen. Banks, which so stirred the
whole loyal people a week ago, has retreated more rapidly than he
advanced, just in season to escape being cut off by Gen. Fremont, who at
last accounts, was close upon his heels.
have had two days of hard fighting before Richmond, which resulted in a
heavy loss on both sides. It commenced on Saturday, when the rebels
attacked us in the midst of a severe storm. The first day was disastrous
in its results to the Federal forces, but on Sunday the tide of battle
was turned against the rebels, and they were driven in confusion back
upon Richmond. . . Our loss in killed and wounded is estimated at three
thousand; that of the rebels is not known, but they left twelve hundred
dead on the field! It was a terrible battle, and although, on the whole,
a decided Federal victory, still it was a costly one. There can be no
doubt but the rebels are determined to make a desperate resistance
before yielding their capital, and we must expect to hear of more bloody
work there; but Richmond must fall! Our army has opened communication
with its base of operations at Fortress Monroe through the York river,
and has severed the rebel connection between Richmond and northwestern
Virginia by taking possession of the northern railroad at Hanover Court
House. As this was the route by which the enemy received a large portion
of his supplies, its interruption must naturally tend to hasten the
crisis at Richmond. We have the utmost confidence in the ability and
efficiency of Gen. McClellan and his army, and although the suspense
with which we wait for news of the fall of the rebel capital is
oppressive, still we are willing to wait patiently for the time when the
fatal blow shall be struck and the rebellion crushed.
London Times on American Affairs.—In its American news
summary of the 16th ult., it thus remarks of our military movements:
Macon, as we anticipated, has surrendered, and the port of Beaufort,
North Carolina, is open. It is strange that there is no news from
Savannah; but, unless the Federals manage things very badly, that city
ought to share the fate of New Orleans. In that case, Wilmington,
Charleston and Mobile would be the only places of consequence in the
hands of the Confederate States along their whole seaboard.
military movements of Beauregard are not known to us, but it is just
possible he may have marched from Corinth upon Memphis to the east, in
order to get the support of the flotilla in some grand coup. If Halleck
has anything like 160,000 men, the position of the Confederate corps
becomes to the last degree dangerous; and the Federal General, who is a
highly trained and scientific soldier (the author of the best work on
soldiering ever written in America), is not the man to lose the great
advantages afforded to him by the possession of such an enormous force.
The Federals are gradually encircling and closing in on the heart and
head of the secession movement. On the northeast angle of the
Confederacy they have pressed down as far as the Rappahannock, and have
only left to their enemies the divided allegiance of the James and York
rivers, and Norfolk, on the seashore of Virginia.
coast of North Carolina is theirs, except Wilmington. They hold all the
coast of South Carolina and of Georgia, except Charleston and Savannah,
and the eastern shores of Florida are open to them whenever they please.
On the Gulf (we presume) Pensacola only remains to the
Confederates—though nothing has been heard for certain of the state of
affairs there for some time back—and Mobile, and the profitless coast
of Texas. McDowell, on the Rappahannock, however, is exhibiting immense
caution, or is waiting for some development of Banks’ movement;
perhaps, indeed, he is in observation lest the Confederates, if beaten
at Yorktown and Richmond, should try to dash at Washington. McClellan is
spending golden hours endeavoring to do what mortal general cannot
effect—commanding success where he attacks. Private letters state he
has an enormous field and battering train, and upward of 110,000 men;
but there is some difficulty in finding them, and this difficulty is not
likely to decrease if the army advances, if ever it does.”
next arrival from this side, however, seems to have convinced the Times
that McClellan had not wasted “golden hours,” as on the 17th it
holds the following language concerning the evacuation of Yorktown:
news from America we publish today is hardly less important than the
capture of New Orleans. The Confederate army evacuated Yorktown on the
4th of May, abandoning a number of its guns, together with stores and
ammunition, and retreated to Williamsburg, a few miles up the Peninsula.
All that had been said respecting the strength of the Confederate army
seems to have been strictly true. It numbered, according to deserters,
100,000 men, and even this estimate is lower than that of Gen.
McClellan. The telegrams do not give any sufficient data for
determining the cause of this movement. The Confederates, with an
immense army, have abandoned the positions which they fixed upon some
weeks since, and have fallen back, leaving no less than 71 heavy guns
behind them. The object of this change of tactics we can only guess from
the subsequent operations.”
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
the rebels made Negro slavery the avowed basis of their confederacy we
thought they had reached the utmost limits of theoretical folly and
absurdity. But a Virginia abstractionist has led off in an entirely new
and astounding stretch of the slavery doctrine. In the Virginia Senate,
on the 15th of May, Mr. Collier submitted a joint resolution declaring
slavery to be the fundamental doctrine of southern civilization, and
that it is an institution of such inherent rightfulness that it is not
subject to the will of the majority in any state, and can never be
abolished without the consent of each individual slaveholder—in fact,
an never be abolished at all, because each man (white man, of course)
will always have the right to make Negroes slaves and hold them so in
spite of all laws and constitutions. This is making slavery a divine
institution with a vengeance. The object of this new attempt to extend
the outposts of the peculiar institution is obvious enough. It is
intended to meet and check the tendency to gradual emancipation on the
president’s plan, which will be developed in Virginia, as well as in
the other border states, after the rebel armies are driven out. . .
Collier proposes to have this new plank in the pro-slavery creed adopted
by the confederate government and by the government of each state in the
confederacy, as security against all future efforts at abolition in any
of the present slave states. Doubtless the Virginia assembly will adopt
the new doctrine, and these blind supporters of an obsolete barbarism
will imagine that this shallow and monstrous abstraction will prove a
Chinese wall5 to protect it against the assaults of Christian
this tendency to the most extreme doctrines and measures I exhibited in
the southern aristocracy and the leaders of the rebellion, it is
cheering to find among the loyal men of the South, the slaveholders
included, a growing disposition to consider the slavery question with
candor, and this too in spite of the needless exasperations created by
the anti-slavery zealots in and out of Congress, who obstinately refuse
to see the signs of the times, or to co-operate in the great practical
measures which are hastening the extinction of slavery. The action in
this direction of the old-school Presbyterian assembly, which has been
sitting at Columbus, Ohio, is most significant, and marks beyond mistake
the setting of the irresistible popular current, which is to sweep the
accursed institution to its doom. That body has hitherto been eminently
conservative, and has been very tender towards the slaveholders. Last
year, after the war began, it was with difficulty that the calm and
moderate resolution of old Dr. Spring, declaring it the duty of
Christians to uphold the government in suppressing the rebellion, was
pressed through. But this year the assembly, by the decisive vote of 199
to 20 adopted a paper prepared by that noble Christian patriot, Dr.
Robert J. Breckinridge of Kentucky, which is not only sound and hearty
in its loyalty, but takes bold ground against slavery itself. It
declares that there is “an almost superhuman effort in the present
rebellion to base the entire frame-work of government on the single
principle of hereditary servitude,” and that the “power of patronage
of the general government have, to a great extent, been wielded in
aiding and abetting this effort.” And it propounds this radical
system that makes or proposes to make the relation of master and slave
hereditary, perpetual and absolute, must be wrong, as it is a negation
of the principles and precepts of the Gospel and of the very idea of
civil liberty and inalienable rights.”
adoption of such a declaration as this by the old-school Assembly marks
a decided and important progress in the popular opinion against slavery.
The other religious bodies have spoken this year with more than their
accustomed boldness on this subject, and the new-school Presbyterians
voted that “this whole insurrectionary movement can be traced to one
primordial root, and only one, African slavery, the love of it and a
determination to make it perpetual,” and that “everything, slavery
if need be, must bend to the great purpose of restoring the Union and
crushing out the last living and manifested fiber of rebellion.”
allusion to these and other signs of the general feeling against
slavery, some newspaper makes the comment that “the policy of our
government has got to be fundamentally changed towards slavery.” Can
any be so blind as not to see that this fundamental change has already
taken place? The people decreed it in the election of Abraham Lincoln to
the presidency. In every act of his administration he has kept this new
policy of freedom prominent, and in his emancipation message he proposed
the measure by which it will be realized. None are so blind as those who
will not see, and there are none so unjust to the present administration
as those who clamor for a policy against slavery, as if that were not
already the distinctive and crowning glory of Abraham Lincoln’s
administration. And his calm resistance to the clamor for ill-considered
and unconstitutional measures, instead of being inconsistent with the
general spirit and policy of the administration, will be seen in the end
to have been the essential means of saving the great cause from wreck by
the rashness and blind zeal of some of its supporters. The progress of
the sacred work is steadily onward, and every dollar spent and every
life sacrificed in the war is a deadly blow against the organized crime
by which the rebellion was inspired. Neither the madness of its
supporters nor the rashness of its enemies can stay its doom.
Story of a Brave Boy.—Capt. Boggs of the Varuna, tells a
story of a brave boy who on board his vessel during the bombardment of
the forts on the Mississippi river. The lad, who answers to the name of
Oscar, is but thirteen years of age, but has an old head on his
shoulders, and is alert and energetic. During the hottest of the fire he
was busily engaged in passing ammunition to the gunners, and narrowly
escaped death when on of the terrific broadsides of the Varuna’s
rebel antagonist was poured in. Covered with dirt and begrimed with
powder, he was met by Capt. Boggs, who asked, “Where he was going in
such a hurry?” “To get a passing box, sir;6 the other was
smashed by a ball!” And so through the fight, the brave lad held his
place and did his duty. When the Varuna went down Capt. Boggs
missed his boy, and thought he was among the victims of the battle. But
a few minutes afterwards he saw the lad gallantly swimming towards the
wreck. Clambering on board of Capt. Boggs’s boat, he threw his hand up
to his forehead, giving the usual salute, and uttering only the words,
“All right, sir! I report myself on board,” passed coolly to his
station. So young a lad so brave and cool in danger will make himself
known as years go over his head.
This is the Battle of
(pronounced bee-zum) is a broom, especially one of brush or twigs;
in the sport of curling it is the broom used to propel the stone down
This report is probably from May, and “8th inst.” ought to have been
8th ult.” It looks like the editor picked it up whole and inserted it
without making this change.
the numbers do not add up . . .
the Great Wall of China.
passing box is a cylindrical leather case, sized to the dimension of the
powder charge, in which powder monkeys ran powder from the magazine to
the ship’s guns. It opens at one end and is carried by a leather strap
that goes over the shoulder of the sailor. “Monkey” in naval
parlance refers to any small object—in this case, the boys assigned to
this dangerous duty.
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