JUNE 14, 1863
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
The Source of the Nile.
Solution of the Oldest Problem
Known to Civilization.
copy the following most important and interesting article from the
Boston Advertiser of May 30th:
attentive correspondent in Egypt has forwarded to us an extra (or Bulletino
Stratordinario) of the Spettatore
Egiziano, published at Alexandria, under date of the 7th inst.,
containing more full particulars than have elsewhere been published, of
the discovery of the sources of the White Nile, by. Messrs. Speke and
Grant, the intrepid English explorers. The fact that such a discovery
had been made was telegraphed from Alexandria to London at the same time
that this extra appeared, and some brief notices have appeared in the
English journals; but we are gratified to be able to lay before our
readers this more particular account in the characteristic phase the
original tidings. The letter containing this news, as shown by the
postmarks, reached Boston in only nineteen days from Alexandria,
although by an unfortunate mistake in the Boston Post Office, it was not
delivered to us until yesterday, two days after its arrival. We believe,
however, that the intelligence has not been anticipated by any other
the Egyptian Spectator, Extra–Translation)
are indebted to the courtesy of Dr. Ori for the following communication,
which we hasten to lay before our readers and the public generally, to
announce the great discovery of the source of the Nile, for which we are
beholden to two courageous English travellers.
promise to lay before our readers more detailed information as soon as
we are enabled to obtain it.
March 29, 1863.
is great news. Speke and Grant, the intrepid English travellers,
overcoming all obstacles, crossing “under” the line, reached
Kondogoro, and thence are now approaching this place. It seems almost a
dream. Their portfolios undoubtedly contain the solution of the great
problem that has puzzled us from the remotest antiquity, viz: the
discovery of the source of the Nile. We have not as yet spoken with
them, but leave immediately on camel back to meet them on their way, and
to give them an ovation. If at the following station we obtain further
details we will hasten to communicate them.
April 2, 1863.–I add another line about Speke and Grant, knowing
the immense interest that you all feel in these matters.
says but little, for two reasons: First, because, like a true descendant
of John Bull, he is naturally taciturn; second, because he is only
familiar with one language, precisely the one that none of us know
We can glean but few ineligible sentences from one of the interpreters
who attempts to make us understand him in a species of Arabic patois.
his answers we learn that the Nile springs from a Lake Victoria that he
professes to have circumnavigated, and found to be very extensive. That
Kondogoro is five degrees (less some minutes) from the equator in the
northern hemisphere, and about the same latitude south of the lake,
which he says is the source of the Babr-el-Biad, or White Nile. They
started from Zanzibar with seventy men. Of these only seventeen remain.
The number was greatly diminished by desertion; others were lost by
sickness and casualties. They had to fight their way to reach White
River, but relate marvelous things of the subequatorial regions, and
above all report large quantities of ivory. They may be considered very
fortunate to have accomplished their purpose without meeting the unhappy
fate of poor Peney.
will be understood that Capt. Speke entered Africa from the eastern
coast, about two years ago, and now comes down the river Nile. . .
was long since ascertained by travellers ascending up the stream of the
Nile, that near Khartoum, in north latitude 15 37, its waters divide
into two branches, called respectively, the White Nile and the Blue
Nile. Below this confluence the Nile flows fifteen hundred miles into
the Mediterranean, and (with the exception of an unimportant tributary)
it receives nowhere a single drop of water, while it is a fruitful
source of supply to numerous works of artificial irrigation.
sources of the Blue Nile, three springs in north latitude ten degrees,
were ascertained by the Portuguese Jesuit, Father Lobo, and afterwards
by Bruce; but those of the White Nile have hitherto defied discovery.
Browne penetrated as far as north latitude seven degrees, Linant Bay, in
1827, not quite so far; Mr. Hoskins and Col. Laake, baffled in their
efforts, declared that an armed force would be necessary to subdue the
great extent of country through which the river passes. Werne went as
far as four degrees of north latitude and M. Brun Rodet nearly as high.
The former was obliged to return by reaching shoals which could not be
crossed by his boats, and he dared not leave them. The river, where his
explorations ceased, was 323 feet wide, “broad, surrounded by high
reeds; the banks (he says) seem to be of a soft green color, formed by
pale green aquatic plants—lilac, convolvulus, moss, water thistles and
a kind of hemp—in which the yellow ambac tree flourishes, hung round
with luxuriant deep yellow creepers.” The river seemed to stretch
latest expedition in this direction to discover the source of the Nile
is that of Capt. Petherick, as a volunteer of whose party our fellow
citizen Dr. Brownell, of Connecticut, lost his life last year in the
manner herefore recorded in these columns. Dr. Brownell’s death
occurred in north latitude 15 degrees. The fate of Petherick and his
companions is unknown.
Capts. Speke and Grant entered the interior of Africa from the Eastern
coast, and left Zanzibar September 25, 1860, to prosecute discoveries in
the interior. On the 13th instant we printed an account derived from Mr.
Goodhue, United States Vice Consul at Zanzibar, stating that they had
been last heard from April 11, 1862 (a year ago, that is), in lat. 1°
30’ south; that they had been thwarted in their progress down a river
which they had discovered, and which they believed to be the first
certain branch of the Nile.
now hear of them at the other end of their journey, which has been
crowned with complete success. It appears that the adventurous
travellers have indeed penetrated to the source of the White Nile, which
they find to be a large lake, and to this they have loyally given the
name of Victoria. Having made this discovery, the little band of
explorers, reduced from 70 to 17, have sailed down the river—the
grandest voyage ever known to geographer—and their approach to
Khartoum is reported in the letter which we print. There is some
obscurity in the account with regard to the position of the lake; the
strict sense of the original (which our translation faithfully follows)
would place it as far north as ten degrees of north latitude; but as
previous discoverers have followed the river at least six degrees
further south, we suspect that there is some inaccuracy in the report in
has been given to the present age to solve this interesting geographic
problem, as also that of the northwest passage; and although in neither
case do the discoveries which we have made promise much practical
advantage to mankind, we cannot be felicitate ourselves that the domain
of knowledge has been enlarged by persistent and intelligent effort.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
the Richmond Examiner.
intervention—this ignis fatuus which was allowed to operate so injuriously to our
cause in the beginning of this war, and the probability of which seems
as remote as ever—has not lost all its terrors for the Yankees.2 The
London correspondent of the New York Times,
under the date of May 9, thus gives expression to his fears that
something of the sort may yet come to pass. We give his comments upon
the subject, without attaching much importance to them, but as an
exemplification of the ever changing currents of public rumor in
as everything now seems with regard to American affairs, there are many
signs of a confidence, amounting to a certainty, that the American war
is not to last much longer. The Government is about to employ the people
of Lancashire on public works, so that they may not emigrate, but be
ready to spin the cotton when it comes. A line of steamers of 3,000 to
4,000 tons is being built expressly to bring cotton from New Orleans.
One, the Georgia, was launched
this week. The manufacturers who have not been in any hurry about
cotton, satisfied to get off a large manufactured surplus at an advance,
are evidently in no trouble about a supply when they need it. They are
even building new mills, and filling them with machinery. I have no
doubt that they have an assurance from the very highest quarters that
cotton shall be forthcoming at a fixed and not very remote period.
what is that assurance based? On the ability of the National Government
to conquer the South and open her ports to the world? I cannot come to
any such conviction. The Southern loan of $15,000,000 was not subscribed
for, and is not kept at a premium by any such idea. There is, beyond
reasonable question, a general understanding in England and France, and
between the Governments of these countries, that if the South is not
subjugated within a certain period—and of the probability of such
subjugation they have no belief—her independence is to be acknowledged
and guaranteed. They will say: You have had three years and the
resources of the world to end this rebellion. If you cannot do it in
that time you never can. The war is too great an injury to the commerce
of the world to go on for an indefinite period. We must interfere for
our own interests, and in the cause of humanity and civilization. They
will say to you as they will to Russia, as France, at least, will say to
Victor Emanuel: This has been going on long enough. It becomes a
nuisance and must be put a stop to.
is another fact you are not to lose sight of. Englishmen, as well as
others, have pride of opinion. They are not willing to be found in the
wrong. Now, there is scarcely an Englishman of either of the great
parties, from Derby and Palmerston, Russell and Gladstone, down, who has
not committed themselves to the success of the rebellion. There is
scarcely an Englishman of any political reputation who has not
expressed, over and over again, the opinion, not to say wish, that the
National Government can never conquer the rebel States. The Liberal
Press—I mean the Times, Morning Post,
&c—have been as decided and contemptuous in the matter as the Herald, or John Bull, Press. The nation, with slight exceptions, is
committed in opinions and hopes one way, and it is vain to think they
will not ‘back their opinions,’ or attempt to realize their hopes.
They look for cheap cotton and free trade from the Southern States, and
a perpetual checkmate to Northern power and aggression.”->
this sounds plausible enough, but the present aspect of European affairs
is not very promising of such results. France, the only power whose
sympathies for the South have been exhibited in a tangible form, is just
now too busy with the Polish and Italian imbroglios,
not to mention her Mexican expedition, to think seriously of any move in
that direction, unless backed by the moral and material support of
England; nor can this support and co-operation be hoped for so long as
the Russell-Palmerston ministry shall remain in power. The liberalism of
England is a very shadowy and unsubstantial foundation to build upon, as
the Poles have more than once found out to their cost, and the Italians
would also have experienced but for the bold and vigorous measures of
Napoleon. In the mean while, let the South rely solely on the goodness
of her cause and and the devoted patriotism of her sons. Let us continue
to help ourselves, and Providence will most assuredly take us through
the fiery ordeal.
News from the North, Mexico and Europe.
Africa has arrived with news
from Europe to May 31st.
is expected that France will recognize the Confederates and other
European powers not be slow to follow her example.
Roebuck will soon move in the House of Commons that England open
negotiations with other Governments for the recognition of the
Daily Post, of Liverpool,
announces the fall of Vicksburg, and calls upon Lord Palmerston now to
offer terms of peace acceptable to both parties.
Mason has arrived in Paris to co-operate with Mr. Slidell.
London Times opposes
say all the Federal telegrams, but none of them are probably later than
about the 2d instant, whereas ours are certainly as late as the 4th from
Vicksburg and allege plenty of food and ammunition, and assert that
Pemberton begs Gen. Johnston to take his own time, as Vicksburg can be
held indefinitely. There is a lie out somewhere, and we don’t believe
it came from our side. As for the story of the intercepted dispatch from
Pemberton, it is incredible. If forced to send such a message he would
not have put it on paper in such a manner that the Federals could read
The News from Vicksburg still
continues cheering. Up to the 10th all was well—loss small, not
exceeding 500 since the siege. Troops in good spirits, with plenty of
ammunition and provisions. The movements of Price and Marmaduke are
encouragingly co-operative. Kirby Smith’s whereabouts were not yet
satisfactorily established, but he was believed to be at Milliken’s
Bend. Grant was being heavily reinforced, but was hauling water for his
troops eight miles, from Big Black. Weather hot. Terrible mortality
among the Federals acknowledged in the fights. It is clear enough that
the Yanks have not yet taken Vicksburg—and we hope and trust that they
are destined to a signal overthrow.
JUNE 16, 1863
DAILY PALLADIUM (CT)
we may credit the meagre and incoherent telegrams received from Southern
Pennsylvania and Baltimore yesterday evening, (and there is no reason to
doubt their reliability), the advance of an invading rebel army is
actually on Northern soil. The occupation of Chambersburg by the rebels
at nine o’clock last evening is the latest announcement from that
Union armies within twenty-four hours’ journey of the point of
invasion cannot number less than one hundred and fifty thousand veteran
troops—a force with which General Hooker must be able to confront and
at least hold in check the advancing enemy. Meantime, if the entire
fighting population of the Central States rally promptly in response to
the calls already issued by their respective governors, within three
days a force will be in the field sufficient to overwhelm and utterly
destroy the invaders.
The Rebel Invasion.
sources of the information respecting the advance of General Lee have
not been made public. Gov. Curtin asserts that Lee is approaching
Pennsylvania with a large army. The President evidently is or was of the
same opinion, as his call for one hundred thousand militia from the
States most likely to be invaded, and from New York, indicates. General
Hooker has anticipated a movement of this kind, and the attack by
Pleasanton upon Stuart’s rebel cavalry was planned and executed for
the purpose of interfering with any proposed advance by the
Confederates. But while it is not difficult for Lee’s army to march
down the valley of the Shenandoah and even into Pennsylvania, that
General is too experienced to overlook for a moment the fact that
Hooker’s army is watching him, ready to take advantage of any false
step which he may make. He cannot disregard the existence of this army
in his plans. To ravage Pennsylvania and feast his army on the spoils of
that wealthy state is undoubtedly a long cherished desire of the rebel
commander. But he will remember that the descent to Avernos is easy, but
to retrace one’s step, that is the difficulty.3 He may reach
Pennsylvania and do much damage. He may at the same time place his army
where its destruction will be inevitable.
is not like Mississippi, robbed of its defenders. Stuart will not find
the cities and towns of the former inhabited only by women and children,
as Grierson did of the latter. Already the people of Pennsylvania are
rallying for the defense of their homes, and under such experienced
Generals as Couch and Brooks, both departments of that state will soon
be in a condition of perfect security. The precautions which are being
taken are wise, whatever may be the plans of the rebels. The security of
the southern borders of the loyal states is essential to the untrammeled
action of the army of the Potomac. The force which is now called into
the field, and which will undoubtedly be raised under the pressure of an
impending invasion, will render any further invasion this summer an
impossibility, and the army of General Hooker will be left without
embarrassment to watch the movements of Lee, and take advantage of
events which may transpire.->
after all, it may well be doubted whether the danger is as imminent as
represented. There can be no question that a large force of rebels is in
Northern Virginia, and that detachments of their cavalry have entered
Pennsylvania. But that Lee’s whole army is on the march for an
invasion of the North we seriously question. The tone of the
Philadelphia papers of yesterday is much less excited than on Saturday.
The Inquirer, although urging
citizens to respond to the call for troops, says that “while it is
confidently believed General Hooker will not permit Lee to make any
offensive movements, apprehensions of a raid by Stuart are still
anticipated. Indeed, last night it was reported that a large body of our
forces had advanced to a point where they would be enabled to circumvent
the enemy in any designs they might have upon the border.”
three battles which have taken place in the Shenandoah Valley were
engagements of no small magnitude and indicate the presence of a large
rebel force, though by no means the whole of Lee’s army. The question
is simply whether this force is the advance of the main body of the
rebels, or only a division to support Stuart’s Cavalry, and we must
wait for the telegraph to settle it.
of the Rebels.
York, Tuesday, June 16.
Washington Republican of last evening says: That Lee’s whole army is in the
valley stretching nearly the whole length, and strongly reinforced from
the Peninsula, Suffolk, Richmond, Gordonsville, and North Carolina, is
almost certain. The whole of Gen. Lee’s army has left Fredericksburg,
the last division moving out on the plank road toward Chancellorsville
thinly iron-clad gunboat Galena, which at the time of her construction was regarded as an
experiment, can hardly be said to have proved a decided success. A
contemporary gives the following account of her present whereabouts and
iron-clad Galena now at Philadelphia is such no longer; she has been entirely
stripped of her coat of mail, and presents the appearance, at present,
of an old hulk. This vessel is regarded as a failure. From the damage
sustained by her during the attack on Fort Darling, it has been made
manifest that iron-ribbed vessels cannot stand the fire of forts or
shore batteries mounted with heavy guns. During the said fight seven
shots went through her hull. The whole of her upper deck is being taken
off, and she will be converted into a second or third rate gunboat. Her
machinery is in good order.
the war commenced, Boston has lost as much coasting trade to and from
the South as kept two hundred vessels of six hundred tons each in
continual operation. To compensate for this great loss it has had
nothing worth naming in an increase of other branches of business,
although its foreign trade and commerce have been much more extensive
and remunerative than any one would suppose it could have been after
such a great withdrawal of business.
JUNE 17, 1863
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
War News.—The reports of yesterday, though not the most
reliable, were quite exciting, a feeling of uncertainty and apprehension
possessing the minds of most people. Gold, in New York, crept up to 48
and a fraction, owing, we are bound to believe, to the ugly look of the
dispatches, some of which, it is quite possible, were prepared with an
eye to Wall street. Yet the reports of reports of Lee’s progress and
burning of towns on the Pennsylvania border were not exhilarating. It
is, however, not to be believed that our leaders at Washington are
asleep. They have known for weeks that this raid was laid down in the
rebel programme, and we may be sure that Lee’s army, it it has
penetrated Pennsylvania as reported, will very soon find itself in a
tight place. Hooker, we are assured, is moving with rapidity, and our
forces near Suffolk are said to be on the move toward Richmond.
Harrisburg the Union troops were pouring in yesterday, and large details
of men were at work on the defenses outside of the town. Most places of
business were closed, and the citizens were organized. A great mass
meeting had been held, Ex-Senator Cameron presiding, at which brave
things were said. The latest dispatch from there, last evening,
expressed the opinion that the rebel force, then at Carlisle, would be
insight of Harrisburg this morning. A Philadelphia dispatch is couched
in gloomy terms, saying, in effect, that everything south of the
Susquehanna was at the mercy of the enemy, and it was necessary to
destroy the bridges over the Susquehanna.
morning’s papers bring us a great number of reports, many of which are
of little account. We especially distrust a story which comes through
the New York Express,
representing Hooker as badly cut up, burning his tents, wagons, &c.
The latest accounts from Harrisburg—to ten o’clock last
evening—show that the rebel marauders were not then within forty eight
miles of the capital, and the people were quite confident of being able
to repel any attack. As to the armies of Hooker and Lee, there is very
little reliable information. The rumor of a battle near Bull Run is not
confirmed. Yesterday morning a dispatch reported all quiet in front. We
print below the most important dispatches:
Albany, N. Y., June 16.—The Governor is receiving urgent messages
from the authorities of Pennsylvania asking for troops, and is doing
everything possible to hurry them forward. Gov. Curtin directs that they
be transported via Easton. Secretary Stanton telegraphs that the men
will not be needed for more than thirty days, and probably not for that
period; that arms will be supplied to them at Harrisburg, and that they
report to Gen. Couch.
McClellan arrived here at 4.30 this afternoon, and proceeded directly to
Gov. Seymour’s residence. They are in consultation together this
7th, 11th, 13th, 28th, 47th, 65th, 67th, 68th, 69th, 71st and 74th
regiments are under marching orders. The 7th and 71st regiments leave
to-night. Marching orders will also be issued to 1500 volunteers at
Newburg, 800 at Rochester, and 500 at Plattsburg.
Trenton, N. J., June 16.—The governor of this state has issued the
following proclamation: ->
Jerseymen: The state of Pennsylvania is invaded. A hostile army is
now occupying and despoiling the towns of our sister state. She appeals
to New Jersey through her Governor to aid in driving back the invading
army. Let us respond to this call upon our patriotic state with
unprecedented zeal. I therefore call upon the citizens of this state to
meet and organize into companies, and report to the Adjutant General of
the state as soon as possible, to be organized into regiments as the
militia of New Jersey, and press forward to the assistance of
Pennsylvania in this emergency. The organization of these troops will be
given in General Orders as soon as practicable.
S.M. Dickinson, Private Secretary.
Harrisburg, June 16, 10 p.m.—The
telegraph offices at Carlisle and Shippensburg are still open, and
business is transacted with them as usual. As Shippensburg is 20 miles
beyond Carlisle, it is evident that the rebels are not advancing with
much rapidity, and there is to-night a fair prospect of securing the
capital against attack, if the rebels advance so far.
Midnight: Dispatches received up to this hour from Shippensburg, 11
miles this side of Chambersburg, show that the rebels are still at the
latter place in force not exceeding 2000 cavalry, with no infantry. Gen.
Jenkins, who commands them, ordered all the stores opened, which was
complied with. The merchants were forced to take confederate money in
payment for goods. To-day the rebels were drawn up in line of battle,
anticipating an attack. Rebel cavalry to-day occupied Littlestown, 11
miles from Gettysburg, but at last accounts had not advanced beyond that
point. Rebel officers at Chambersburg stated that they were waiting for
infantry to move forward. The farmers in the valley are sending their
horses and cattle into the mountains. The rebels are gathering up all
the Negroes that can be found. Private property has been respected. They
burned the railroad bridge across Scotland Creek, six miles this side of
Chambersburg. The excitement here is subsiding. Several citizens, on
leaving, were hooted and groaned [at] by the crowd at the depot.
advices to the 11th have been received at Washington. They represent
matters in a highly favorable light. Our artillery and mortars continued
to play upon the town. We copy as follows:
females who were put outside of the city by Gen. Pemberton assert that
the garrison is short of ammunition. Provisions are scarce and not to be
bought at any price. The garrison is subsisting on quarter rations,
mainly of corn meal and peas. The women and children seek shelter in
caves from our shells, which fall heavily on the city, and consequently
but few lives are lost among them. The enemy occupy Canton and Yazoo
City in considerable force.
from Vicksburg to the evening of the 12th has been received at St.
Louis. A dispatch from the latter city, dated this morning, says,
“there was no change in the progress of the siege. Gen. Lennis, in
command at Milliken’s Bend, had been largely reinforced and started an
expedition to Richmond, Louisiana, to attack McCullough, who is reported
to have six thousand troops.”
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
Fight at Milliken’s Bend.
Cairo dispatch to the Cincinnati Gazette gives the following details of
the fight at Milliken’s Bend on the 6th inst.:
Saturday last our force at Milliken’s Bend consisted of about 717
troops and 800 Negro volunteers—some 1000 or 1500 in all. On Saturday
evening the alarm was brought to the commander of the post that a large
force of rebels, some 3000 in all, were outside the works at no great
distance, marching upon the fortifications. The commander immediately
sent out his cavalry, and held the colored troops for reserves, in case
the cavalry had to fall back. It turned out well that this precaution
was taken, for, after engaging the enemy and finding they were about to
be overpowered, the cavalry did fall back and joined he colored
rebels pressed forward on the white and black troops opposed to them
with all their strength. Our troops had no artillery, and the rebels
had. Yet, after a struggle of some hours, the enemy were driven off,
leaving a great number on the field dead and wounded. Their retreat was
not followed up, our men being so much exhausted. Our forces fell back
to their works, and preparations were made for defense.
the evening the steamer St. Cloud came up from below, and, learning the bad state of
affairs, returned for reinforcements of artillery and a gunboat. Both
were started up, and the gunboat Choctaw
arrived on the spot early on Sunday morning to find that the rebels had
returned. During the night they had busied themselves in gathering a
large number of mules together, and when day broke started them forward,
using them as a means of protection, while they followed close behind.
They were promptly met by our troops this time, behind their
the rebels moved their line, sacrificing their mules to the rifle shots,
shot-guns and artillery; but they made little by their strategy. They
had got fairly engaged, when the gunboat Choctaw
came in for her share of the fight, using with effect her heavy guns,
charged with shell. An unfortunate shot from the Choctaw,
it is said, killed several members of the Negro regiment; it was owing
to the fact that she was unable to raise her guns sufficiently to fire
above them. This was remedied. The fight continued, and when the Choctaw
succeeded in getting range, she sent such a storm of shot and shell into
the rebel ranks, that, after being once or twice rallied, they broke in
disorder and fled, taking off their dead and wounded.
was impossible for my informant to learn the extent of our loss, but it
must have been heavy. One hundred colored men fell. The enemy’s loss
was also considerable, and, up to the latest dates on Monday, when the
steamer Niagara left for Memphis, they had not returned to renew the
attack. Should they do so, sufficient reinforcements of artillery have
been forwarded to give them sudden and effectual quietness.
Language of Young Ladies.–The
Rev. A. Peabody, in an address before the Newburyport Female School,
which has been published, enlarges upon the use of exaggerated,
extravagant forms of speech—saying splendid for pretty, magnificent
for handsome, horrid or horrible
for unpleasant, immense for large,
thousands or myriads for
more than two. “Were I,”
he says, “to write down, for one day, the conversation of some young
ladies of my acquaintance, and then to interpret it literally, it would
imply that, within the compass of twelve or fourteen hours, they had met
with more marvellous adventures and hair-breadth escapes, had passed
through more distressing experiences, had seen more imposing spectacles,
had endured more fright, had enjoyed more rapture, than would suffice
for a dozen lives.”
Something to Quench the Thirst of
Wounded Soldiers.–In acknowledging several responses to her
recent call upon the charitable for “something to quench the thirst of
wounded soldiers,” Mrs. Swisshelm writes as follows from Campbell
Hospital, Washington, May 19, where she is engaged in her noble work of
patriotic and womanly charity:
have been here, in the hospital, ten days, dressing wounds, wetting wounds,
giving drinks and stimulants, comforting the dying, trying to save the
living. The heroic fortitude of the sufferers is sublime. Yet I have held
the hands of brave, strong men while shaking in a paroxysm of weeping. The
doctors have committed to my special care wounded feet and ankles, and I
kneel reverently by the mangled limbs of these heroes and thank God for the
privilege of washing them.
want whiskey—barrels of whiskey—to wash feet, and thus keep up
circulation in wounded knees, legs, thighs, hips. I want pickles, pickles,
pickles, lemons, lemons, lemons, oranges. No well man or woman has a right
to a glass of lemonade. We want it all in the hospitals to prevent gangrene.
I will get lady volunteers to go through the wards of as many hospitals as I
can supply with drinks. My business is dressing wounds where amputation may
be avoided by special care. I write at the bedside of Arsanius Littlefield,
Augusta, Me., wounded ankle—where I have been since two o’clock this
morning, his life hanging in doubt.
days ago I unclasped the arms of A. E. Smith, of Belvidere, N. J., from
around my neck, where he had clasped them, dying, as I knelt to repeat the
immortal prayer of the blind Bartemaeus—laid down the poor chilled hands,
and ran to Mr. L., then threatened with lockjaw. Oh God, there is plenty of
work; with the great advantages of the most skillful physicians, the utmost
cleanliness and best ventilation, the exceeding and beautiful tenderness of
the ward masters and nurses, there is much to do, if the right persons
appeared to do it. Dr. Baxter, physician in charge, will not permit female
nurses here, and from the manner in which he cares for his patients and the
reason he gives for his decision, I have no reason to quarrel with it. The
chaplain, the Rev. N. M. Gaylord, and lady, are indefatigable, and aid in
the distribution of all comforts to the wounded.
answer to many letters, I would say we would rather have fruit and wines
than money. All sent to me at No. 424 L street, will find gratuitous storage
from the Hon. D. M. Kelsey, of Illinois. I will find a person to keep
account of all that comes, and acknowledge it, without paying clerk hire,
and God do so to me and more also if I do not use my best efforts to have
everything committed to my care go to comforting and sustaining our sick and
Don’t Eat Too Much.–The
celebrated Abernethy once remarked to a friend, “I will tell you honestly
what I think is the whole cause of the complicated maladies of the human
frame; it is their gormandizing and stimulating the digestive organs to
excess, thereby causing irritation.”
The Rebel Invasion.–The
whirl of excitement that passed over the North in the early part of the
week, caused by exaggerated rumors of a grand rebel invasion of the
States of Maryland and Pennsylvania, in which sacked and burning towns
and cities formed the foreground of the awful picture of carnage and
desolation that was to follow, has considerably subsided, and the
devastating horde that was to sweep over these States and dictate terms
of peace in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, has dwindled down to an
ordinary rebel raid for army stores and horses, so far as Pennsylvania
is concerned. It has been the “biggest scare” yet. The excitement
throughout Pennsylvania has been tremendous. All the bank valuables have
been removed from Harrisburg as a measure of precaution, and the capital
put in a state of defense. Troops are hurrying thither from every
quarter. The rebel cavalry hold Chambersburg. It is a most humiliating
surprise and panic.
Bravery of the Negro Troops.–Gen.
Banks, in an official report dated “Before Port Hudson, May 30,”
gives an account of the attack on that place, similar to the reports
already published. In speaking of the Negro regiments, he says:
answered every expectation. Their conduct was heroic. No troops could be
more determined or more daring. They made during the day three charges
upon the batteries of the enemy, suffering very heavy losses, and
holding their position at nightfall with the other troops on the right
of our line. The highest commendation is bestowed upon them by all
officers in command on the right.
doubt may have existed heretofore as to the efficiency of organizations
of this character, the history of this day proves conclusively to those
who were in a condition to observe the conduct of these regiments, that
the Government will find in this class of troops effective supporters
and defenders. The severe test to which they were subjected, and the
determined manner with which they encountered the enemy, leave upon my
mind no doubt of their ultimate success. They require only good
officers, commands of limited numbers, and careful discipline, to make
them excellent soldiers.
loss from the 23d to this date, in killed, wounded and missing, is
nearly 1000, including, I regret to say, some of the ablest officers of
recently returned from Richmond state that the rebel leaders are
watching, with intense interest, the Negro soldier movement now in
progress in Massachusetts, Port Royal, Louisiana and the Southwest. In
speaking upon this subject, the secessionists betray great excitement,
and do not attempt to disguise their sentiments that it will have an
important influence upon the future of the campaign.
16.–A letter from Harrisburg, dated 1 p.m. to-day, says: “A train of
100 wagons, which left Martinsburg on Sunday, arrived safely. The rebel
advance this morning was five miles east of Chambersburg. Col. Smith,
commanding at Hagerstown, had a fight an hour and a half yesterday, when
he was surrounded and forced to surrender.”
16.–On Sunday night, some slaves in the neighborhood of Annapolis,
stampeded, taking with them a wagon and cart with horses, and a portion
of their personal effects. They travelled all night, and at various
points of the road were reinforced until their number reached
seventy-five. Yesterday morning, they were stopped near Long Oldfields
by a number of men styling themselves patrols, armed with shot guns and
pistols. But the party of slaves massed themselves and pushed on. The
patrollers attempted to stop their progress or to drive them from their
teams, and when about one mile from Fort Meigs, fired into the
fugitives, when, it is said, the slaves returned the fire. Several other
shots were fired, when the fugitives separated and fled. The patrols
also disappeared. As far as is known, two men and one woman (slaves)
were killed, and five wounded. The remainder have reached Washington.
One of the men supposed to have been connected with the attacking party
has been arrested, and committed to the Old Capitol prison.
The “Peculiar Institution”
Illustrated.–We have a photographic likeness of a Louisiana
slave’s back, taken five or six months after a terrible scourging, and
exhibiting from the shoulders to the waist great welts and furrows
raised or gouged by the lash, running crosswise and lengthwise—the
victim himself presenting a noble countenance and fine physique. “This
card photograph,” says the New York Independent,
“should be multiplied by one hundred thousand, and scattered over the
States. It tells the story in a way that even Mrs. Stowe cannot
approach, because it tells the story to the eye.” Price 15 cents. Sent
by mail, by enclosing postage stamp. Seven copies for one dollar, or
$1.50 per dozen.
Editor of the Liberator,
Baltimore on Slavery and
Emancipation.–The city Union convention of Baltimore has
adopted resolutions declaring that Maryland should at every hazard
remain in the Union; pledging unconditional support to the government in
any measures it may determine to be necessary in the prosecution of the
war until its authority is acknowledged; that the continued existence of
slavery is incompatible with the maintenance of republican forms of
government in the States in subordination to the Constitution of the
United States; that the emancipation proclamation of the President ought
to be made law by Congress in the hands of the President; that traitors
have no right to enforce the obedience of slaves; and that, against
traitors in arms, the President should use all men, white or black, in
the way they can be most useful, and to the extent that they can be
used, whether it is to handle a spade or shoulder a musket.
earthquake recently experienced in many places in Vermont was also felt
in New York. Lake Champlain “shook all over,” and the fish jumped
out of water in great numbers.
JUNE 20, 1863
of the Rebels.
Dispatch to the Traveller.
Harrisburg, June 19.—Rebel infantry are now in Hagerstown, four
thousand strong; the force at Williamsport is much greater. About nine
o’clock this morning, the enemy brought his stores and baggage to this
side of the Potomac with the purpose, it is thought by the authorities
here, of making that their base of operations for extensive raids into
special from Frederick, Va., via Washington, June 19, says all is quiet
here to-day. A stage left here for Hagerstown this morning, and got as
far as Boonesboro’, when it was stopped by rebel cavalry; number not
stated. All is quiet at Harper’s Ferry.
June 20.—A gentleman who reached Baltimore by the Frederick train
this morning, and who left Hagerstown late Thursday afternoon, reports
passing through rebel pickets on the road as far east as Boonsboro’
and vicinity, and says Hagerstown itself seems to be permanently
occupied by some 9000 troops, mainly from North Carolina, under Gen.
Major Osborn is acting as Provost Marshal, from whom papers have to be
obtained to leave the town. Washington Hotel and others are crowded with
their officers, who are paying $4 per day in rebel money. The forces
that have gone into Pennsylvania are under Jenkins, and are said to be
returning, bringing with them a large number of Negroes, who they allege
had run away from their masters in Virginia and Washington county, Md.
Those belonging about Hagerstown were being returned to their rebel
owners, and those said to be from Virginia were sent back under guard.
and other property taken from citizens of Maryland have been returned to
them, and every effort has been made to make their raid as little
offensive as possible to Maryland. It was said that a considerable
infantry force was posted on the Virginia side, near Williamsport, some
nine miles from Hagerstown, but of this our informant could not
was reported that another infantry force was located near Antietam or
Shepherdstown, and about to cross. The position of General Ewell, or the
main body of his corps, seems to be unknown. Our informant could not
learn that he had made his appearance in Maryland at all, or near to it,
although it was said at Hagerstown that the conciliatory policy alluded
to was dictated by him. The hope of obtaining recruits in Maryland is no
doubt the secret of this conciliatory policy.
Longfellow is at Washington. They say he is translating Dante, and
perhaps he went to Washington in order to obtain a just idea of the Inferno;
and in some respects it is not a bad place to acquire a practical
knowledge of the abode of the wicked.
Movements of the Army of General Hooker.
York, June 20.—The army correspondent of the Times,
dating “On the March, Va., June 17,” says the army of the Potomac
progresses with huge strides toward the supposed position of the enemy.
A fearful collision cannot be avoided many days longer.
weather is terribly hot. The air is filled with dust and the brave men
suffer, but they march with a velocity such as never before has been
known on this continent. One day has been spent since Saturday to let
all the corps get up well in hand, and the whole army is now pushing
forward with great rapidity.
Monday, Gen. Hooker with staff and train broke camp at 8 o’clock, and
before sundown were in a new camp 25 miles distant. Everything is
reduced to the very lightest marching order. Trains are cut down, wagons
and baggage are being reduced to a smaller limit than ever before.
Gen. Hooker ordered his staff and the members of all the staff
departments at headquarters to dispense with all their baggage,
including valises, carpet-bags, &c., &c., and they were sent to
the rear to-day. All they take is a change of underclothing.
Headquarters go in lighter order than anything else.
the intense heat, there is very little straggling. A strong provost
guard of cavalry brings up the rear of each corps, and everything moves
with great vigor.
couple of days after the late cavalry fight, Gen. Pleasanton’s command
made a requisition for 20 grindstones with which to grind up their
sabres. This is a positive fact, and illustrates very pointedly the
nature of the contest. Hand to hand, it was in earnest.
York, June 20.—The Herald’s
Washington dispatch says nothing has been seen of the enemy since the
skirmish at Aldie on Wednesday evening, 25 miles N. W. of Bull Run.
is evident that the main portion of Gen. Lee’s forces are still near
the Gaps of the Blue Ridge Range, but on which side of the mountains it
is of course not positively known.
would require at least two days’ marching for the enemy to reach the
Bull Run battle ground.
Times’ Washington dispatch says a couple of deserters from
Stuart’s cavalry, who have come within our lines, report that
Stuart’s cavalry force is at Warrenton, 12,000 strong, and that
Lee’s army is massed in the Shenandoah valley, near Front Royal or
somewhere between that point and Winchester.
consists of four corps, commanded by Longstreet, Ewell, A. P. Hill and
D. H. Hill, and numbers about eighty thousand men. The forces which were
sent to Martinsburg and Winchester to capture our forces there, have
returned to the general rendezvous. They also state that the whole army
is preparing to march, and will probably try to turn General Hooker’s
right flank and cross into Maryland. The rebel soldiers have little
confidence in this movement, remembering with wholesome fear the ill
success attendant upon a similar movement last fall.
that this article is a translation from an Italian newspaper. This line
means that the reporter speaks no English and Speke no Italian.
ignis fatuus is a
phosphorescent light sometimes seen at night over marshy ground, thought
to result from the combustion of natural gases (a will-o’-the-wisp);
hence, something deceptive or deluding.
The reference is to Lake Avernus in
Italy, which the Romans considered to be the entrance to Hades.
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